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Hughes, Matthew Louis

Captain Matthew Louis Hughes, Royal Army Medical Corps, was killed in action at Colenso, Dec. 15th, 1899. He was a son of Col. Emilius Hughes, C.B., A.S.C., of Guildford, was born in 1867, and educated at King’s College, London, the University of Edinburgh, and the Rotunda Hospital Dublin. He joined the R.A.M.C. in 1890 and was mentioned in despatches L.G., Feb. 8th 1901. The Last Post, Mildred G. Dooner


First name(s)Matthew Louis
Date of birth7 July 1867
Place of birthYokohama, Japan
Family details

Son of Emilius Hughes C.B.; C.M.G. and husband of Kate Winifred (née Simpson)

CollegeKing's College London and/or King's College London Hospital

L.R.C.P. (Lond), M.R.C.S. (Eng 1889), D.P.H. (Lond)

Military unitRoyal Army Medical Corps (R.A.M.C.)
War / conflictSecond Boer War (1899-1902)
Date of death15 December 1899
Age at death32
Rank at deathCaptain
Place of deathColenso, South Africa
Cause of deathKilled in action
Burial placeChieveley Military Cemetery, South Africa
Commemoration(s)R.A.M.C. Boer War Memorial, Aldershot

Assistant Demonstrator in anatomy at King's College London in 1889.

A plaque on his grave reads “Captain M. L Hughes R.A.M.C. was a distinguished military medical officer. He was a pioneer in the field of Bacteriology. If it had been possible for him to continue his researches instead of to serve as a front line soldier, typhoid vaccine, crude but promising, as it then was, might largely by his efforts, have been perfected in time to save the lives of thousands of soldiers and civilians.”


King’s College London Archives; The Last Post by Mildred G. Dooner; Wellcome Images (used under Creative Commons License CC BY-NC 2.0UK)

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Hughes, Matthew Louis
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