King's College London
Archive Catalogues
Home|Liddell Hart Military Archives|The Collection|WARTIME CONFERENCES OF THE COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF 

Download this summary catalogue (PDF) ›WARTIME CONFERENCES OF THE COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF

Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA MF 460-462
Title
WARTIME CONFERENCES OF THE COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF
Date(s)
1941-1945, 1982
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
3 reels

Context

Name of creator(s)

Combined Chiefs of Staff, 1941-1945

Administrative / Biographical history

The British Chiefs of Staff (COS) and the US Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) formed the Combined Chiefs of Staff committee, the supreme Anglo-American military strategic and operational authority during World War Two. The committee advised the governments of Britain and the US on matters of strategy, and also implemented the strategic decisions taken by them. In its highest capacity, the Combined Chiefs of Staff committee controlled operational strategy in the Mediterranean and European theatres, and during the Battle of the Atlantic, and held jurisdiction over grand strategic policy in all other areas where operational strategy was controlled by the COS or the JCS. The Combined Chiefs of Staff committee issued directives to its supreme commanders by acting through the chiefs of staff of the country that provided the commander. The decision to form the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) came in Dec 1941 at the ARCADIA Conference in Washington, DC, where the British Joint Staff Mission headed by Gen (later FM) Sir John Greer Dill developed with American representatives a combined office, secretariat, and planning staff. Eventually, a number of sub-committees were constituted as the war progressed, the most important of which were the Combined Intelligence Committee and the Combined Planning Staff. With the emergence of the Combined Chiefs of Staff committee, it became necessary in the United States to form an American agency with comparable decision making structure to that of the British Chiefs of Staff (COS). This was formally inaugurated in Feb 1942 as the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) committee, its first members being Gen George Catlett Marshall, US Army Chief of Staff , Adm Harold Raynsford Stark and Adm Ernest Joseph King, US Navy, and Lt Gen Henry H 'Hap' Arnold, US Army Air Forces.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Scholarly Resources, Inc

Content & structure

Scope and content

Microfilm collection containing copies of meeting minutes of the major conferences of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 1941-1945. Meeting minutes include those for the conference held at Washington, DC, codenamed ARCADIA, at which Anglo-American planners first formed a combined strategy for the prosecution of the war, 22 Dec 1941-14 Jan 1942; the conference at Casablanca, Morocco, codenamed SYMBOL, during which the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) first discussed the policies of German unconditional surrender, the Combined Bomber Offensive from Great Britain against Germany and the establishment of the French National Committee for Liberation, 14-24 Jan 1943; the Allied conference held at Washington, DC, codenamed TRIDENT, at which President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Prime Minister Rt Hon Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, and the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS)discussed the decision to delay the invasion of France until May 1944, the Italian surrender, and the Battle of the Atlantic, 11-25 May 1943; the Allied conference at Quebec City, Canada, codenamed QUADRANT, at which the Allies endorsed a plan for the invasion of the Normandy coast in France, formed a new theatre of war, South-East Asia Command, with Acting Adm Lord Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten as Supreme Allied Commander, and regulated the procedures for co-operation between Great Britain and the US regarding the development and production of the atomic bomb, 12-24 Aug 1943; the Allied conferences at Cairo, Egypt, codenamed SEXTANT, at which the Allies discussed combined operations in South-East Asia with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese forces, 22-26 Nov and 2-7 Dec 1943; the Allied conference at Teheran, Iran, codenamed EUREKA, during which the Allies first co-ordinated future strategy with Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, including plans to coincide military operations against Germany in France and the Soviet Union in May 1944, 28-30 Nov 1943; the conference at Quebec City, Canada, codenamed OCTAGON, at which the Allies discussed the post-war division of Germany and a plan for its de-industrialisation, 12-16 Sep 1944; the conferences at Malta and Yalta, Soviet Union, codenamed ARGONAUT, at which the Allies discussed the division of post-war Germany, the occupation of Germany and Austria, Soviet involvement in the war against Japan, and the future government and frontiers of Poland, 30 Jan-9 Feb 1945; the conference at Potsdam, Germany, codenamed TERMINAL, during which surrender terms for Japan were discussed, the boundaries and peace terms for Europe were determined and Poland's government and frontiers were debated, 16 Jul-2 Aug 1945. Conference minutes include references to Allied production and assignment of war materials; British and US merchant vessel losses; US policy concerning assignments of Lend-Lease military aircraft, naval vessels and munitions to Great Britain; Allied petroleum supplies; propaganda and unconventional warfare; war crimes and prisoners of war; operational reports concerning the planning and conduct of Allied offensive operations in Europe, including the invasion of North Africa, codenamed Operation TORCH, Nov 1942; the invasion of Sicily, Italy, codenamed Operation HUSKY, Jul 1943; the US preparation for the invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation BOLERO; and the Allied invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation OVERLORD, Jun 1944; operational reports concerning the Japanese war economy; Japanese Imperial Army logistical capabilities; locations and strengths of Japanese forces in the Pacific; British participation in long range bombing of Japan; Allied operational efforts in Burma, India, Malaya, and the Philippines; Soviet claims on the Sakhalin and Kuril islands; the co-ordination of Allied strategic plans for the defeat and occupation of Japan, 1943-1944; Soviet military action to facilitate Operation OVERLORD; liaison between Allied theatre commanders and the Soviet Army; Soviet capabilities with reference to the Far East; US Lend-Lease requirements for the Soviet Union; and estimates of Soviet post-war capabilities and intentions, 1943-1945.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be provided for research use only. Enquiries concerning the copyright of the original material should be addressed to Scholarly Resources, Inc, Wilmington, Delaware, USA.

Language/scripts of material

English

Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives

Notes

Note

Compiled Sep 1999

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

W3C Semantic Web LogoPlease note:
This catalogue may contain links to external data sources as part of the W3C Semantic Web initiative.

Subjects

  • Alliances
  • Armed forces
  • Conflict resolution
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign relations
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Military engineering
  • Military liaison
  • Military operations
  • Military organizations
  • Military strategy
  • Operation Husky (1943)
  • Operation Overlord (1944)
  • Operation Torch (1942)
  • Organizations
  • Peace
  • Seas
  • State security
  • War
  • Warfare
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Chiang Kai-shek, 1887-1975, Nationalist Chinese general and statesman
  • Churchill, Sir, Winston Leonard Spencer, 1874-1965, Knight, statesman
  • Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, 1900-1979, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Admiral of the Fleet
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945, US President
  • Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich, 1879-1953, Prime Minister of the USSR

Corporate names

  • Arcadia Conference, Dec 1941-Jan 1942
  • Argonaut Conference, Jan-Feb 1945
  • Combined Chiefs of Staff
  • Eureka Conference, Nov 1943
  • Octagon Conference, Sep 1944
  • Quadrant Conference, Aug 1943
  • Sextant Conference, Nov-Dec 1943
  • Symbol Conference, Jan 1943
  • Terminal Conference, Jul-Aug 1945
  • Trident Conference, May 1943

Places

  • Americas
  • Asia
  • Austria
  • Cairo, Urban, Egypt, North Africa
  • Caribbean
  • Casablanca, Morocco, North Africa
  • China, East Asia
  • Crimea
  • France
  • India, South Asia
  • Italy
  • Kurile Islands, Sakhalinskaya Oblast, Russian Federation, Eastern Europe
  • London, England
  • Malaysia, South East Asia
  • Malta
  • Mediterranean Sea, Seas
  • Myanmar, South East Asia
  • Philippines, South East Asia
  • Poland, Eastern Europe
  • Potsdam, Germany
  • Quebec City, Canada, North America
  • Russia, Eastern Europe
  • Sakhalin Island, Sakhalinskaya Oblast, Russian Federation, Eastern Europe
  • Teheran, Iran, Islamic Republic, Middle East
  • USSR, Eastern Europe
  • Washington, USA, North America
  • Yalta, Krym, Ukraine, Eastern Europe

Contact us about this Catalogue ›
ARCHIOS™ | Total time:0.0245 s | Source:cache | Platform: NX