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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Simpson-Baikie
SIMPSON-BAIKIE, Brig Gen Sir Hugh Archie Dundas (1871-1924)
Created 1888-1924, 1972
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1 box, 2 volumes or 0.01 cubic metres


Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1871; educated at Stubbington House, Fareham, Hampshire, and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; commissioned into the Royal Artillery, and posted to 64 Field Battery, Royal Field Artillery, Ireland, 1889; Lt, 1892; service with A Battery (The Chestnut Troop), Royal Horse Artillery, India, 1893-1899; Capt, 1899; served with Egyptian Army, 1899-1900; reconquest of the Sudan, 1899; served in Second Boer War, South Africa, 1900-1902; Special Service, South Africa, 1900; Brevet Maj, 1902; service with O Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, India, 1903-1905; Maj, 1904; qualified as Army Interpreter in Modern Foreign Languages, 1905; graduated from Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, 1906; Assistant Military Secretary to Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Command, 1907-1908; General Staff Officer 2, War Office, 1909-1910; General Staff Officer 2, Mediterranean Command and to Inspector General Overseas Forces, 1910-1911; posted to 5 Battery, Royal Field Artillery, Hilsea, Cosham, Hampshire, 1911; commanded A Battery (The Chestnut Troop), Royal Horse Artillery, South Africa, India and France, 1911-1915; served in World War One, 1914-1918; Lt Col, 1914; service on Western Front, 1914-1915; General Staff Officer 2, Headquarters, 2 Army, British Expeditionary Force, 1915; General Staff Officer 1, 48 South Midland Div, British Expeditionary Force, 1915; Brig Gen Royal Artillery, 29 Div, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 1915; Brig Gen Royal Artillery, 8 Corps, Gallipoli, 1915; awarded CB, 1915; Brig Gen General Staff, East Africa Force, 1915-1916; Commander Royal Artillery, 60 London Div, Western Front, 1916; temporary Brig Gen, 1916; Brevet Col, 1917; Commander Royal Artillery, 60 London Div, Salonika, 1916-1917; General Officer Commanding Royal Artillery, 21 Corps, Egypt and Palestine, 1917-1919; served at Third Battle of Gaza and as General Officer Commanding Royal Artillery, Battle of Megiddo, Palestine, 1918; General Officer Commanding Royal Artillery, 20 Corps, Cairo, Egypt, 1919; created KCMG, 1919; retired 1920; Hon Brig Gen, 1920; died 1924.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Placed in the Centre by the family in 1981.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers and photographs, 1888-1924, 1972, mostly manuscript letters by Simpson-Baikie to his wife, Marion Evelyn Simpson-Baikie, Lady Simpson-Baikie, 1906-1919, including letters whilst on active service on the Western Front, Gallipoli, Salonika and Palestine, 1914-1918; four manuscript letters from Simpson-Baikie to his mother-in-law, Emilita Miller, 1904-1918, and three manuscript letters from Simpson-Baikie to his daughter, Jean Simpson-Baikie, 1917-1918. Also, manuscript letter from Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Jean Miller Hamilton, Lady Hamilton, asking her to inform Marion Evelyn Simpson-Baikie that Simpson-Baikie has been chosen to serve at Gallipoli, 1915; manuscript letter to Simpson-Baikie from Gen Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, Governor of Gibraltar, on adverse comments about Smith-Dorrien in 1914 (Spiers, London, 1919) by FM John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Viscount of Ypres, 1920. Eleven photographs and two negatives relating to Simpson-Baikie's career, 1888-1920, including three photographs of Simpson-Baikie, 1888, [1904]; Lt Gen Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Baron Kitchener of Khartoum, General Officer Commanding in Chief, South Africa, with his Aide de Camp, Lt Francis Aylmer Maxwell [1901]; Maj Gen Hubert Ion Wetherall Hamilton, Maj Gen General Staff, Mediterranean Command, 1911; Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton at Charing Cross station, London, on his departure for Gallipoli, 13 Mar 1915; aerial photograph of the French camp at Sedd el Bahr, Gallipoli, Turkey, 1915. Typescript letter to Jean Morley Kennerley (née Simpson-Baikie) from Professor Robert Clifford Walton concerning Smith-Dorrien, 1972.

System of arrangement

2 files, 2 volumes.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material
Finding aids

Summary guide entry online and due to be published in hard copy.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives
Related units of description

The papers of Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton include correspondence with Simpson-Baikie relating to the Gallipoli campaign and to the Dardanelles Commission, 1916-1918 (Ref: Hamilton 8/1); personal correspondence with Simpson-Baikie, 1919-1924, and correspondence, dated 1920-1921, between Simpson-Baikie and Maj Gen Granville George Algernon Egerton, former General Officer Commanding 52 (Lowland) Div, Gallipoli, 1915-1916 (Ref: Hamilton 7); notes by Simpson-Baikie on use of artillery during the Gallipoli campaign, 1916, 1920 (Ref: Hamilton 7).



Decorations: KCMG, CB

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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  • Aerial photographs
  • Armed forces
  • Artillery
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Military equipment
  • Military organizations
  • Organizations
  • Photographs
  • State security
  • Visual materials
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • Weapons
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Baikie, Marion Evelyn, Simpson-, fl 1907-1924, wife of Sir Hugh Archie Dundas
  • Dorrien, Sir, Horace Lockwood, Smith-, 1858-1930, Knight, General
  • French, John Denstone Pinkstone, 1852-1925, 1st Earl of Ypres, Field Marshal
  • Hamilton, Hubert Ion Wetherall, 1861-1914, Major General
  • Hamilton, Jean Miller, 1861-1941, wife of General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton
  • Hamilton, Sir, Ian Standish Monteith, 1853-1947, Knight, General
  • Kennerley, Jean Morley, fl 1917-1972, née Jean Simpson-Baikie, daughter of Brig Gen Sir Hugh Archie Dundas Simpson-Baikie
  • Kitchener, Horatio Herbert, 1850-1916, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Field Marshal
  • Maxwell, Francis Aylmer, 1861-1914, Colonel
  • Miller, Emilita, fl 1904-1918, mother-in-law of Brig Gen Sir Hugh Archie Dundas Simpson-Baikie
  • Walton, Robert Clifford, fl 1972, Professor

Corporate names

  • British Army


  • Gallipoli, Turkey, Middle East
  • Gibraltar
  • Israel, Middle East
  • Palestine, Middle East
  • Salonika, Greece
  • Seddülbahir, Çanakkale, Turkey
  • South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Ypres, Arrondissement Ieper, West Flanders, Flanders, Belgium

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