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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Shea
Title
SHEA, Gen Sir John Stuart Mackenzie (1869-1966)
Date(s)
1897-1966
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
2 boxes

Context

Name of creator(s)

Shea, Sir, John Stuart Mackenzie, knight, 1869-1966, General

Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1869; educated Sedbergh School and Sandhurst; commissioned Royal Irish Regiment, 1888; Lt, 15 Lancers, Indian Army, 1891; Boer War, South Africa, 1900-1902; Major, 1906; Western Front and Palestine, including role as commander 60 Div under the then Gen Edmund (Henry Hynman) Allenby, World War One, 1914-1918; GOC, Central Provinces District, 1921-1923; instrumental in reforming commissioning process for Indians in the British Army in India; ADC General to HM, 1924-1928; Adjutant-General in India, 1924-1928; General, 1926; GOC, Eastern Command in India, 1928-1932; retired 1932; prominent in scouting movement in India and UK; died, 1966.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Transferred to the Centre by the family in 1986.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Copies of papers coverning the career of Shea in South Africa, France, Palestine and India, general correspondence and lectures, 1897-1966; notably including letters and despatches from the Boer War, 1901-1902, compiled by Shea as an officer in De Lisle's Australian brigade with an account of a march to sieze the drift over the Vet Reiver, accounts and commendations; diaries describing his service in France, 1914-1915; papers on service in Palestine, including correspondence, congratulatory telegrams from Gen Edmund (Henry Hynman) Allenby, Gen Sir Edward Stanislaus Bulfin and Maj Gen Philip Walhouse Chetwode on operations in Palestine, notes on fighting issued to 60 Div, Orders of Battle and composition of British and Turkish forces at Beersheba, Gaza and Jerusalem, other tactical notes, photographs of Jerusalem, encampments, troops crossing the Jordan river, Shea and other officers, and correspondence on the subsequent Official History of Palestine , 1917-1955; material on Shea's India service, principally guidance notes on relations with civilian Indians, notes by Shea on the Duzdap railway line, India-Persia, report entitled 'A review of the Waziristan situation with suggestions regarding the future', correspondence on Shea's address to the 1900 Club and the House of Commons and India Committee on conditions in India, maps of Eastern Command, North West Frontier Province and India in its entirety (3 items), 1921-1933; Camberley Staff College assignment reports on the defence of the land frontier of India and Belgium, and other essays on Basutoland and the balance of power in Europe, 1905-1906; general correspondence with Shea describing retirement, decorations, cavalry in the Russian Civil War (1919-1920), and on cavalry actions in the 20th Century, 1919-1955; notes on Aldershot Interdivisional Army Manoeuvres, 1912; typescript lectures and addresses by Shea on the Palestine campaign under Allenby, and on India, 1918-[1942]; maps and aerial photographs of Flanders, with trench positions, Le Touquet and Macquart, 1915-1916, photographs of Sadowa and surrounding countryside, Czechoslovakia (18 items), pencil sketch map of Swat Valley, India, 1897; obituaries of Shea, 1966.

System of arrangement

Arranged into eight principal sections covering the main spheres of operation during Shea's career in chronological order.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material

English

Finding aids

Draft list available online and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives
Related units of description

Materials relating to Shea in the Centre include a script of a radio broadcast by Shea on Allenby, 1936 (Allenby 1/14/32); correspondence with Shea on Allenby by FM Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell (Harrap and Co, London, 1940) (Allenby 6/6-10); correspondence on promotions (Bartholomew 1/1); notes of a discussion and correspondence between Shea and Basil Liddell Hart (Liddell Hart 11/1926, LH2S/89/1-8); numerous items of correspondence on Army operations on the Western Front and in India (Montgomery Massingberd 7/32, 8/21 and others).

Notes

Note

Decorations: DSO, 1901, KCMG, 1919, GCB, 1929

Description control

Archivist's Note

Entry compiled by Geoff Browell for the RSLP AIM25 Project. Sources include Who was who and newspaper obituaries.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

June 2003, updated 2016

Box List(s)

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Subjects

  • Civil war
  • Higher science education
  • History
  • International conflicts
  • Military education
  • Military engineering
  • Military government
  • Military history
  • Military strategy
  • Photographs
  • Political movements
  • Political systems
  • Russian Civil War (1917-1922)
  • Second Boer War, 1899-1902
  • Visual materials
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, 1861-1936, 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe, Field Marshal
  • Bulfin, Sir, Edward Stanislaus, 1862-1939, Knight, General
  • Chetwode, Philip Walhouse, 1869-1950, 1st Baron Chetwode of Chetwode, Field Marshal
  • Shea, Sir, John Stuart Mackenzie, 1869-1966, Knight, General

Corporate names

  • British Army
  • Staff College, Camberley

Places

  • Aldershot, Hampshire, England
  • Beersheba, Palestine, Middle East
  • Flanders
  • Gaza strip, Israel, Middle East
  • Jerusalem, Israel, Middle East
  • Le Touquet, France
  • Lesotho, Southern Africa
  • London, England
  • Macquart, France
  • Northwest Frontier, Pakistan, South Asia
  • Sadowa, Czechoslovakia, Eastern Europe
  • Swat Valley, India, South Asia
  • Vet Riever, South Africa, Southern Africa

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