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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Sclater
SCLATER, Gen Sir Henry Crichton (1855-1923)
Created 1898-1927
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
Ā½ box or 0.005 cubic metres


Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1855; educated at Cheltenham; commissioned into the Royal Artillery, 1875; Capt, 1883; served as Staff Officer and Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Nile Expedition, Sudan, 1884-1885; Brevet Maj, 1885; Egyptian Frontier Field Force, 1885-1886; Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Cairo, Egypt, 1885-1890; Maj, 1891; Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Royal Artillery, Headquarters, Ireland, 1892-1895; Deputy Assistant Inspector General of the Ordnance, War Office, 1895-1898; Bde Maj, Aldershot, 1898-1899; Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902; Staff Officer, Royal Artillery, South Africa, 1899-1900; Assistant Adjutant General, Royal Artillery and Col on Staff, Royal Artillery, South Africa, 1900-1902; Lt Col, 1900; Brevet Col, 1900; awarded CB, 1902; Col, 1902; Deputy Director General of the Ordnance, 1902-1904; Director of Artillery, War Office, 1904; Quartermaster General, India, 1904-1908; Maj Gen, 1906; General Officer Commanding Quetta Div, India, 1908-1912; Lt Gen, 1911; created KCB, 1913; served in World War One, 1914-1918; Adjutant General to the Forces and Member of Army Council, 1914-1916; appointed GCB, 1916; General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command, 1916-1919; Gen, 1919; appointed GBE, 1919; retired 1922; died 1923.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Copies made by the Centre from originals loaned by the family in 1982.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Photocopies of correspondence and photographs, taken from five albums, relating to Sclater's career, 1898-1927, including letter from FM Sir (Henry) Evelyn Wood, Adjutant General to the Forces, confirming Sclater's appointment as Bde Maj, Aldershot, 1898; seventeen copies of photographs and nine sketch maps relating to the Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902, including photographs of Bloemfontein and Brandfort, Orange Free State, and sketch maps of the Battles of Modder River, Nov 1899 and Paardeberg Drift, Feb 1900; two photographs of the 13 pounder Quick Fire gun, newly issued to the Royal Horse Artillery, 1904; letter from Lt Col Rt Hon Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham, thanking Sclater for congratulatory letter on the award of a peerage to Stamfordham, 1911; three photographs of Indian Army sepoys, 1912; correspondence, 1912- 1917, including letters relating to recruitment, military inspections and the availability of manpower from FM Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, Feb 1917, Gen Sir (Henry Macleod) Leslie Rundle, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command, Feb-May 1916, and Lt Gen Sir (Cecil Frederick) Nevil Macready, Adjutant General to the Forces, Jul 1917; letter to Slater from Gen Sir (Francis) Reginald Wingate, relating to riots in Egypt, Jun 1920; letter to Sclater from Lt Gen Sir George Fletcher MacMunn, Quartermaster General, India, dated Jun 1921, relating to the political and military situation in India, particularly in the aftermath of the massacre of 479 Indian civilians by troops of the Indian Army, commanded by Brig Gen Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, Amritsar, Punjab, Apr 1919; printed obituary of Sclater [1927].

System of arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material
Finding aids

This Summary Guide

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives
Related units of description

The papers of Lt Gen Sir Lawrence Worthington Parsons include correspondence with Sclater relating to Parson's replacement as General Officer Commanding 16 Irish Div, 1916 (Ref: Parsons). Scrapbooks relating to Sclater's career, 1894-1927, are held privately.

Publication note
Scrapbooks relating to Sclater's career, 1894-1927, are held privately.



Decorations: GCB, GBE

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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This catalogue may contain links to external data sources as part of the W3C Semantic Web initiative.


  • Armed forces
  • Artillery
  • Colonial countries
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Labour market
  • Manpower
  • Maps
  • Military equipment
  • Military manpower
  • Military organizations
  • Organizations
  • Photographs
  • Political systems
  • Second Boer War, 1899-1902
  • State security
  • Visual materials
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • Weapons
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Bigge, Arthur John, 1849-1931, 1st Baron Stamfordham
  • Dyer, Reginald Edward Harry, 1864-1927, Brigadier General
  • French, John Denstone Pinkstone, 1852-1925, 1st Earl of Ypres, Field Marshal
  • MacMunn, Sir, George Fletcher, 1869-1952, Knight, Lieutenant General
  • Macready, Sir, Cecil Frederick Nevil, 1891-1956, 1st Baronet, General
  • Rundle, Henry Macleod Leslie, 1856-1934, General
  • Sclater, Sir, Henry Crichton, 1855-1923, Knight, General
  • Wingate, Sir, Francis Reginald, 1861-1953, Knight, General
  • Wood, Sir, Henry Evelyn, 1838-1919, Knight, Field Marshal

Corporate names

  • British Army
  • Indian Army


  • Amritsar, India, South Asia
  • Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Brandfort, South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Egypt, North Africa
  • Modder, river, South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Orange Free State, South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Paardeberg, Province of the Northern Cape, South Africa, Southern Africa
  • Punjab, South Asia

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