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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA MF 338-339
Title
POTSDAM CONFERENCE DOCUMENTS, 1945: The Presidential Documents Series
Date(s)
1945, 1980
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
2 reels

Context

Name of creator(s)

President Harry S Truman, and political and military representatives at the Potsdam Conference, 1945

Administrative / Biographical history

The Potsdam Conference, 17 Jul 1945-2 Aug 1945, was the meeting of the principal Allies of World War Two, the United States, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Great Britain, to clarify and implement agreements reached previously at the Yalta Conference, 4-11 Feb 1945. The chief representatives were US President Harry S Truman, Soviet Premier Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, British Prime Minister Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill and, after Churchill's defeat in the British general elections, Rt Hon Clement Richard Attlee. The representatives agreed to transfer the chief authority in Germany to the American, British, Soviet, and French military commanders in their respective zones of occupation and to a four-power Allied Control Council for matters regarding the whole of Germany. The Allies set up a new system of rule for Germany which outlawed the Nazi Party, disarmed Germany, and introduced representative and elective principles of government. The German economy was to be decentralised, and monopolies dismantled. The question of Polish sovereignty was discussed, and all former German territory east of the Oder and Neisse rivers was transferred to Polish and Soviet administration, pending a final peace treaty. The German population in these territories was to be transferred to Germany and a mode of reparations payments was outlined.. Finally, the Potsdam Declaration, 26 Jul 1945, presented an ultimatum to Japan, offering the nation the choice between unconditional surrender and total destruction. The material in this collection contains President Harry S Truman's diary and official papers relating to the Potsdam Conference, 29 Mar-2 Aug 1945.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

University Publications of America, Inc., Bethesda, MD, with published fully indexed guide edited by Paul Kesaris.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Potsdam Conference Documents, 1945: The Presidential Documents Series is a themed microfilm collection including the personal and official documents and correspondence of President Harry S Truman during proceedings of the Potsdam Conference, 29 Mar-2 Aug 1945. Papers are drawn from a variety of originating bodies including US President Harry S Truman; US Gen of the Army George Catlett Marshall; US Gen of the Army Douglas MacArthur; Gen Dwight David Eisenhower, Supreme Commander Allied Forces Europe; George Frost Kennan, US Chargé d'affaires in Moscow; Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill, Prime Minister of Great Britain (until 26 Jul 1945); Rt Hon Clement Richard Attlee, Prime Minister of Great Britain (after 28 Jul 1945); Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek; Soviet Premier Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin; the US Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the Combined Chiefs of Staff. Papers relate to US foreign policy concerning the reconstruction of Western Europe; the partition, de-nazification, demilitarisation, and future reparations payments of Germany; the trial of major war criminals; the unconditional surrender of Japan; former Axis satellite states; Austria; Yugoslavia; the withdrawal of Allied forces from Iran; the retention of Allied forces in Italy; Lend-Lease liquidation; Bulgarian reparations payments to Greece; the reconstruction of Poland, Czechoslovakia; Yugoslavia and the Balkans; Anglo-Soviet rivalry in the Middle East; civil affairs in China.

System of arrangement

Arranged into the following sections based on subject of material and origination: the diary kept by President Truman at the Potsdam Conference; agenda and supplementary documents; background information on Europe, economic matters, the Near East, and the Far East; territorial studies; US bilateral discussions with the USSR and Great Britain; US Joint Chiefs of Staff memoranda and recommendations; papers and minutes of the Combined Chiefs of Staff; minutes of meetings with heads of government; minutes of meetings of foreign ministers; correspondence of President Truman with heads of government; miscellaneous documents; report on the Tripartite Conference of Berlin. Each section is arranged chronologically therein.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be provided for research use only. Enquiries concerning the copyright of the original material should be addressed to University Publications of America, Inc., 4520 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD, 20814-3389, USA

Language/scripts of material

English

Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room, Paul Kesaris (ed.), Potsdam Conference Documents, 1945: The Presidential Documents Series (University Publications of America, Inc, Bethesda, MD, 1980).

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives

Notes

Note

Compiled Jul 1999

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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Subjects

  • Boundaries
  • Development aid
  • Diplomacy
  • Economic aid
  • Economic relations
  • Foreign policy
  • Foreign relations
  • Humanitarian law
  • Interdependence
  • International conflicts
  • International economic relations
  • International instruments
  • International law
  • International relations
  • Military government
  • Nazism
  • Occupied territories
  • Political doctrines
  • Political systems
  • Rights of states
  • Territorial rights
  • Totalitarianism
  • War
  • War crimes
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Chiang Kai-shek, 1887-1975, Nationalist Chinese general and statesman
  • Churchill, Sir, Winston Leonard Spencer, 1874-1965, Knight, statesman
  • Eisenhower, Dwight David, 1890-1969, US President and General
  • Kennan, George Frost, b 1904, US public official
  • Marshall, George Catlett, 1880-1959, US General and Secretary of State
  • Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich, 1879-1953, Prime Minister of the USSR
  • Truman, Harry S, 1884-1972, US President

Places

  • Austria
  • China, East Asia
  • Italy
  • Japan, East Asia
  • London, England
  • Poland, Eastern Europe
  • Potsdam, Germany
  • USSR, Eastern Europe

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