King's College London
Archive Catalogues

PYMAN, Sir Harold English (1908-1971)

Papers

References on this page: PYMAN: 6-9


PYMAN: 6 Papers relating to Pyman as Chief of General Staff, Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA), 1945-1946


PYMAN: 6/1

1945 Aug 11 - Oct 31

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman relating to the planning for operations in the South East Asia area including Operation ZIPPER, the planned invasion of Malaya, and development of area in preparation for advance south to Singapore; the arrangements for the Japanese surrender; the seizure of Japanese weapons by the Indonesians in Java and relations with the Dutch; the conflict between the French and the Vietnamese in French Indo-China; the future of the Malaya - Siam railway; progress of operations in Burma, Malaya, Netherlands East Indies, Siam, French Indo-China . With maps showing Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) deployment 6, 13, 20, 27 Sep, 4, 11, 18 Oct 1945; copy of letter by Pyman to Maj Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to his promotion to Commander-in-Chief ALFSEA and the machinery of command in Kandy, Ceylon. 1 file


PYMAN: 6/2

1945 Nov 1-30

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman relating to the possibility of Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) being ordered to capture Java; relationship between South East Asia and India theatres; the progress of operations throughout the area; the arrangements for the handover of French Indo-China from the British to the French. With maps showing ALFSEA deployments, 1 Nov, 8 Nov, 15 Nov. Typescript, 1 file


PYMAN: 6/3

1945 Dec 1- 1946 Feb 28

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman relating to future troop deployments in of Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA); possible administrative structures for Singapore, Malaya, Burma, Hong Kong after the departure of Allied troops; plans for Operation EPILOGUE, the reduction of forces in South East Asia Command and return of troops to their countries of origin and peacetime stations; summary of the military situation in Netherlands East Indies, Jan 1946; memorandum from Supreme Allied Commander AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten on future British policy in Netherlands East Indies. Typescript 1 file


PYMAN: 6/4

1946 Apr 1 - May 19

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman relating to the progress of Operation EPILOGUE, the reduction of forces in South East Asia Command and return of troops to their countries of origin and peacetime stations; plan for withdrawal from Netherlands East Indies; letter to Pyman from Japanese Gen Itagaki Seishiro thanking him for his assistance prior to departure of the Japanese from Singapore; arrangements for evacuation of Japanese Service Personnel from Netherlands East Indies; conflict over policy in Sumatra between Supreme Allied Commander AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten and Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) Commander-in-Chief, Maj Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey; précis of talk by Pyman on future policy in Java and Sumatra and the problems caused by the failure of the Dutch and Indonesians to reach a settlement; copy of letter from Dempsey to Pyman after his departure relating to their service together; arrangements for safeguarding the Anglo-Dutch oil refinery at Palembang, Sumatra. With map showing ALFSEA troop deployment up to 17 May 1946. 1 file


PYMAN: 6/5/1

1945 Aug - Sep

File entitled 'Instructions and orders for re-occupation' containing the following numbered papers; first review of the plan for the post hostilities re-occupation (1); list of code words for operations and for place names (2); programme of current operations, Aug 1945 (3); Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) operational directives relating to the military occupation of Burma, Malaya, French Indo-China and Netherlands East Indies; Operation MASTERDON, re-entry into French Indo-China to gain control over Japanese Southern Army Headquarters; Operation ARMOUR, operation against Hong Kong; Operation POPCORN, the re-occupation of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; Operation ZIPPER, planned invasion of Malaya, and development of area in preparation for advance south to Singapore; Operation BIBBER, the occupation of Bangkok area; operations in Sumatra, (4); directive for 207 Military Mission to Siam sent to Brig Wilson-Brand, head of the mission (5); draft directive sent to head of Headquarters Supreme Allied Command South Eeast Asia (SACSEA) Control Commission to supervise the Japanese Southern Army headquarters at Saigon (6); SACSEA directive on the progress of surrender negotiations and guidance on points arising (7); paper on relations with surrendered Japanese forces and with enemy civilians (8); directive on relations with surrendered Japanese forces and with enemy civilians (9); copy of letter from Japanese FM Hisaichi Tarauchi, Supreme Commander of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Southern region sent to Supreme Allied Commander, AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten via Chief of Staff, Pyman relating to Japanese views on arrangements for surrendered Japanese forces (10); post operational civil affairs plan for Malaya (11); direction of clandestine operations in Malaya, Siam and Sumatra after Japanese capitulation (12); draft intelligence directives (13); directive to Force Commanders on Intelligence units (14); return of Japanese prisoners of war, surrendered personnel and equipment (15); signal message on the treatment of German and Italian nationals uncovered by occupation forces (16); directive to Brig J G Nicholson relating to his role as the Supreme Allied Commander's representative with the SACSEA Control Commission to Headquarters of the Japanese Southern Army (17); organisation and composition of Headquarters SACSEA Control Commissions to Japanese Headquarters (18). With list of papers included in the original file. 1 file


PYMAN: 6/5/2

1945 Aug - Sep

File entitled 'Instructions and orders for re-occupation' containing numbered papers including initial review of forces and headquarters required by Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) (19 & 20); outline of initial operations for reoccupation of South East Asia Command (21); map The Far East and Western Pacific areas (The Edinburgh Geographical Institute) scale 1:100,000, showing the British American boundary in ALFSEA, 1 Sep 1945 (22); second review of the plan for the post hostilities occupation (23); command and tasks of 23 Indian Div in Java; reorganisation of command, Sep 1945; reorganisation of command in Malaya including organisation chart (26); Japanese stores, supplies and equipment (27); programme of current operations (28); review of situation in Netherlands East Indies as seen at ALFSEA Headquarters on 20 Oct 1945 (29); third review of the plan for post hostilities re-occupation (30); order of importance of moves (31). 1 file


PYMAN: 6/6

1945 Aug - Dec

Outline by Pyman of main events by month including Operation ZIPPER, the planned invasion of Malaya, and development of area in preparation for advance south to Singapore and operations in Netherlands East Indies. Typescript, 4pp


PYMAN: 6/7

1946 Apr 23

Brief for Maj Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, Commander-in-Chief by Pyman, Chief of the General Staff, relating to Operation EPILOGUE, the plan for reduction of forces to interim post war garrison assuming liquidation of all commitments in non British countries and Operation STRIPTEASE, the plan for reduction of Headquarters Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA) to its interim post war establishment, including details of programme to evacuate any Japanese remaining in the area and outlining the political and military situation in each country in the ALFSEA area. Typescript, 23pp


PYMAN: 6/8

1946 May 15

General Staff Review of the situation in South East Asia at 15 May 1946 produced by Headquarters Allied Land Forces South East Asia (ALFSEA), Singapore, including details of current projects and general information and training. With detailed reviews of Burma, Malaya, British North Borneo and Sarawak, Java, Sumatra, outer islands of Netherlands East Indies, Siam, French Indo-China, Andamans and Nicobars Islands giving operational histories, political background, current political situation with maps showing troop locations in each of the countries. 1 file


PYMAN: 6/9

1946 May

Circular letter relating to the opening of a fund to purchase an organ for the garrison church in Singapore as a memorial of Headquarters Allied Land Forces South East Asia. Printed, 1p


PYMAN: 6/10

[1946]

Paper entitled 'Imperial Strategy' relating to the principles and new factors upon which Imperial strategy in South East Asia was to be based in the post war period, includes sections on possible enemies, the Middle east and India, the new weapons, vulnerability of industries, ports, sea routes and navies. Typescript, 6pp (2 copies)


PYMAN: 6/11

1945 Oct

Paper entitled 'Imperial Strategy' summarising the likely division between the USA, British Empire and Allied nations and a Russian block and the implications of this development for Britain's ability to safeguard her overseas bases. With an appendix paper examining the suitability of Australia as a base for operations in the east. Typescript, 11pp


PYMAN: 6/12

[1946]

Paper entitled 'Advanced recommendations' marked 'top secret' relating to the locations of mobile and main bases within the British Empire. typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 6/13

1947 Sep 8

Letter to Pyman from AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, sent with the final version of his despatch entitled 'Report to the combined chiefs of staff' for private use by Pyman only. Typescript with signature 2pp


PYMAN: 7 Papers relating to Pyman as Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) Dec 1946 - Jul 1949



PYMAN: 7/1 Pyman's diaries as Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces Dec (MELF) 1946 - Jul 1949


PYMAN: 7/1/1

1946 Dec

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence including the Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, Commander in Chief's first agenda for Middle East Land Forces, Pyman's summary of situation in the area upon his arrival in Cairo, Egypt. With brief notes for Lieut Gen Sir Frank Simpson, Vice Chief of the Imperial General Staff on all countries in the theatre. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/2

1947 Jan

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including papers relating to the withdrawal of British troops from Greece, Operation RAGTAIL, Mar - Apr 1947; terrorism in Palestine; copy of letter from Pyman to Maj Gen Sir Percy Cleghorn Stanley Hobart relating to the Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey's plans for retirement; discussion over treatment of terrorists; Middle East Land Forces (MELF) Directive No. 269 to Maj Gen Stuart Blundell Rawlins, Commander of the British Military Mission to Greece relating to the training of the Greek army; Operation PREFACE, the planned layout of infantry battalions in the Middle East, excluding Greece, Jan - Sep 1947. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/3

1947 Mar

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including papers relating to the future direction of British Military Missions; the progress of Operation RAGTAIL, the withdrawal of British troops from Greece, Mar - Apr 1947; British Military Mission to Egypt and its termination by the Egyptian government; possibility of imposition of Martial law in the Palestine areas due to terrorist activities; Jewish illegal immigrant camps in Cyprus; memorandum on Jews in Iraq; plans for Exercise QUICKMARCH, a plan for an invasion of Italy. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/4

1947 Apr

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; plans and directives for exercise QUICKMARCH, a plan for an invasion of Italy; notes on Jewish illegal immigrant camps in Cyprus and shipping of immigrants from Palestine; papers relating to the termination of the British Military Mission to Egypt by the Egyptian government; papers relating to Operation PREFACE, the planned layout of infantry battalions in the Middle East, excluding Greece, Jan - Sep 1947; notes and typescript paper on future weapons; letter to Pyman from AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten Of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia relating to his draft despatch; paper on the responsibilities of military commanders for civil authorities within Middle East Land Forces (MELF) area; paper outlining strength and location of troops and administrative arrangements in each country in the MELF area. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/5

1947 May

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to the provision of armoured cars for the Iraqi Army; notes on the provision of accommodation for illegal Jewish immigrants in Cyprus. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/6

1947 Jun

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; a copy of a letter to Pyman from Lt Gen Sir Frank Simpson, Vice Chief of the General Staff relating to the withdrawal of British troops from Egypt; paper entitled 'A few notes on SPEARHEAD' an exercise to prepare for a possible long range assault, possibly with atomic weapons; letter to Pyman from Maj Gen Sir (William) Ronald Campbell Penney, Foreign Office regarding the repatriation of German prisoners of war in Egypt; text of speech on the occasion of the dining out of the British Army of Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey; printed message of thanks to Middle East Land Forces (MELF) from Dempsey on his retirement; accommodation in the camps for illegal Jewish immigrants in Cyprus; possible deployment of formations and major units in the Middle East Jul 1947 - Jan 1949; paper on the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 and the British withdrawal from Egypt. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/7

1947 Jul

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; paper on Middle East Land Forces (MELF) current affairs' with details of policy to date, relations with civil authorities, location and duties of garrison for the countries Egypt, Palestine, Transjordan, Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Greece, Iraq, Aden, Cyprus, East Africa, Ethiopia, Sudan & Eritrea, Malta, Somalia, Levant States, Turkey and the Persian Gulf Sheikdoms; papers relating to the return of illegal immigrants to France; minutes and other related papers of meeting to discuss the rundown of 1 Armoured Div and its effect upon a number of different battle plans drawn up for the Egypt and Palestine area. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/8

1947 Aug

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to future order of battle and manpower; paper entitled 'Settlement of Libya' including the terms of the Italian peace treaty, the attitude of foreign parties in the settlement of Libya and the forms of settlement; conference papers relating to Palestine and to the reduction of troops under British military command in Egypt; copy of letter to Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) from Gen Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham, High Commissioner for Palestine regarding the question of Martial Law in Palestine; Pyman's notes on a visit to Greece and the work of the British Military Mission there; paper listing the decisions given by FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery Of Alamein, Chief Of The Imperial General Staff on MELF size and composition of British forces, location of Headquarters, surplus stores; copy of correspondence between Pyman and Maj Gen Alfred Dudley Ward, Director of Military Operations regarding the problem of illegal Jewish immigrants, the American Joint Distribution Committee and the internment of the Jews in Cyprus; papers on the command organisation in the Middle East and the future location of MELF General Headquarters and MEDME [Mediterranean Middle East] General Headquarters. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/9

1947 Sep

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers on the command structure in the Middle East; report on the activities of the Jewish illegal immigrants in the camps in Cyprus; text of speech by Pyman on the occasion of the ninth birthday of the ATS (Auxiliary Territorial Service); paper on the problem of forward airfield construction in a theatre of war with suggestions for action in the Middle East; paper on policy for equipment relating to the Military Mission's inability to fulfil requests for equipment; paper on the position of East Africa in Middle East strategy ; comments on London Joint Planning Staff paper on the UNSCOP (United Nations Special Committee on Palestine) recommendations for Palestine. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/10

1947 Oct

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; paper on the employment of surplus Royal Artillery personnel in ordnance depots in Egypt; paper on the evacuation of Palestine and its implications for Middle East strategy; text of talk by Pyman to Staff College candidates on the British Army Staff; comments upon memorandum by the Chiefs of Staff on the subject of the strategic value of the Middle East in Commonwealth defence. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/11

1947 Nov

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers for conference between Chief of Staff Mediterranean Fleet and Chief of Staff, Middle East Land Forces (MELF); papers relating to the planned evacuation of Palestine; signal telegrams relating to the effect of British withdrawal from Palestine on Transjordan. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/12

1947 Dec

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; Pyman's comments on the possibility of locating General Headquarters in Kenya; various papers relating to the future location of the Middle East headquarters; move of troops from Palestine to Cyrenaica and the effect of this on British relations with Egypt; presentation on 'The evacuation of Palestine, redeployment of the evacuated troops with consideration of the consequent regrouping of military headquarters'; note on reorganisation of headquarters in Aden and Sudan; letter to Pyman from Brig (Hon Maj Gen) James Malcolm Leslie Renton, Head of the British Military Mission to Iraq relating to the mission; paper on the forecast strength of troops in Egypt under British command; Commanders in Chiefs' views on the political and military situation in Egypt; paper on decisions made by FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery Of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff relating to the location of MELF headquarters and organisation of British garrisons. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/13

1948 Jan

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; notes from a conversation with FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff over a possible early withdrawal from Palestine and the risks of losing stores that this would entail; notes on a conversation with Brig (Hon Maj Gen) James Malcolm Leslie Renton regarding the status of the British Major General in Iraq; directive relating to the relinquishment by the British Government of the British Mandate for Palestine and the process of evacuation of troops; letter to Montgomery from Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) copied to Pyman relating to the British Mission to Greece and its limits of operation. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/14

1948 Mar

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers on Exercise INTERMEZZO on inter-service co-operation; paper on the Arab Legion and Transjordan; letter to Pyman from Brig J H Anstice, Commander Headquarters Cyprus relating to a Joint Intelligence Committee paper on Russian support for illegal Jewish immigration; letter from Pyman to Maj Gen Alfred Dudley Ward, Director of Military Operations on the military withdrawal from Palestine and arrangements for guarding the United Nations Commission and staff; paper on the composition of the Transjordan Joint Defence Board; note from Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF), on the object and operation of the Chief of Staff system; paper from meeting with Brig (Hon Maj Gen) James Malcolm Leslie Renton relating to the withdrawal of the British Military Mission to Iraq; draft signal message to Ministry of Defence recommending early withdrawal from Palestine. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/15

1948 Apr

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; various papers relating to the early withdrawal from Palestine; signal message on Egyptian police strike; papers relating to unrest in the former Italian colonies of Ogaden (South East Ethiopia), Eritrea and Somaliland and the possibility and probable result of returning the colonies to Italian control; paper by Pyman on the 'Process and fundamentals of military planning' with reference to Operation QUICKMARCH, a plan for an invasion of Italy; paper entitled 'Basic facts in the settlement of the ex-Italian colonies from the Middle East viewpoint'; note of telephone conversation between Pyman, Chief of Staff and Lieut Gen Sir Frank Simpson, Vice Chief of the General Staff relating to the intensification of violence in Palestine; paper recommending withdrawal from the Jerusalem garrison in Palestine; message from War Office to General Headquarters Middle East Land Forces (MELF) refusing to allow early withdrawal from Jerusalem; letter from Pyman to Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, MELF outlining planned troop movements. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/16

1948 May

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; minutes of the Middle East Defence Co-ordination Committee; paper on the 'Conduct of the withdrawal'; papers on planning exercise QUICKMARCH 2; notes and letter sent to Pyman from Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon relating to intelligence on Jewish armed resources; memorandum 'The present functions of the British Middle Eastern Office and recommendations regarding the future'; draft papers on the reorganisation of the higher command in the Middle East; draft memorandum on the functions and organisation of the British Middle East office. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/17

1948 Jun

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; paper on 'Middle East strategy' given at a visit to Imperial Defence College including sections on the present day balance of power in the Middle East, the role of oil, settlements with Egypt and Palestine, relationship with the Arab world, the future of the former Italian colonies, future of Greece and Turkey, lines of communication in the Middle East, the strategic future of East Africa; text of a talk to officers of Headquarters on the effect of the change of General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) to Land Forces General Headquarters of the Middle East Regional Group and the accompanying reduction in size; papers relating to the Brendan truce commission resulting in the Arab/Jewish truce of 11 Jun; text of lecture by Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon on operations in Palestine 15 Jun 1948; paper on 'The process by which Army Command in the Middle East develops from peace to war'; memorandum sent by Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, MELF to FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff on Palestine and the British political and diplomatic situation in the Middle East after the final withdrawal from Palestine, also including a note on Greece; note by Pyman on Crocker's visit to Cyprus including his views on the present and future garrison and the role of Cyprus in a future war. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/18

1948 Jul

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; draft paper on the reorganisation, functions and responsibilities of General Headquarters in the Middle East; paper on the establishment of a Principal Staff Officers Committee; printed diagrams illustrating the proposed position which a Principal Staff Officers Committee could hold in guiding and directing Middle East Joint Planning Staff and Joint Intelligence Committee and typescript notes explaining the diagrams. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/19

1948 Aug

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to the future of the former Italian colonies and the possibility of their return to Italian trusteeship; text of talk by Pyman on a visit by the Imperial Defence College relating to the recent events in the Middle East and the impact of these on British strategy in the Middle East; paper surveying current affairs and future trends in the Middle East; paper on defence co-ordination in the Far East; papers relating to SANDOWN, an outline operational and administrative plan for the defence of the Middle East and control of Middle East communications in the event of hostilities breaking out between Russia and the Allied forces. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/20

1948 Sep

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; paper on the future of the British Military Mission in Greece; letter from Pyman to Lt Gen Gerald Walter Robert Templer, Vice Chief of the Imperial General Staff relating to the breakdown of Anglo-American relations in Greece; paper on the proposed Principal Staff Officers Committee; note outlining the position of the US Government and Britain with regard to Greece and the military missions; papers on the defence of East Africa; letter from Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) to Lt Gen Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, Governor of Gibraltar relating to Gibraltar and the re-organisation of the higher command in the Middle East; paper on the chain of command in North Africa; papers relating to SANDOWN, an outline operational and administrative plan for the defence of the Middle East and control of Middle East communications in the event of hostilities breaking out between Russia and the Allies. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/21

1948 Oct

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to SANDOWN, an outline operational and administrative plan for the defence of the Middle East and control of Middle East communications in the event of hostilities breaking out between Russia and the Allies; papers relating to provision of Anti-Aircraft equipment in East Africa; paper on the loss through theft of ammunition in the Canal zone, Egypt; notes on conversation with Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon; papers relating to the possibility of British troops assisting Transjordan in the event of a Jewish attack. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/22

1948 Dec

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; text of talk between Maj Cecil Stanway Sugden, Chief of Staff, Headquarters, British Troops in Egypt, Abdel Rahmen Ammar Bey, the Under Secretary for the Interior of Egypt, and Sabr Tantawi Bey, the Director General of Public Security regarding co-operation between the Military and the Egyptian civil and police authorities in the Canal zone, Egypt; paper outlining the moves of infantry battalions in Middle East Land Forces (MELF) planned for early 1949; paper on the organisation of command in the Middle East, the Anglo-Russian picture in the Middle East, plans in the event of war breaking out against Russia, general stability of the Army in the Middle East on a long term basis; directive to Joint Planning Staff on interservice talks aimed to create organisations and installations in Egypt to be used as a base by Britain and Egypt; papers relating to combined planning with the Americans and SANDOWN, an outline operational and administrative plan for the defence of the Middle East and control of Middle East communications in the event of hostilities breaking out between Russia and the Allies; diagram showing the proposed Allied planning organisation; draft memorandum on the reorganisation of the Higher Command in the Middle East theatre. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/23

1949 Jan

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to Jewish incursions into Egyptian territory; paper relating to a discussion between Pyman and others on the location of Supreme and Regional headquarters; papers relating to SANDOWN, a plan intended to meet the situation that would arise should war break out against Russia any time in the year Jul 1948 to Jul 1949; papers relating to the evacuation of the illegal Jewish immigrants from Cyprus; paper on the former Italian colonies. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/24

1949 Feb

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; letter from Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon to Pyman inquiring about the British Government's attitude to Aqaba, Transjordan and its possible capture by Jewish forces; papers from conference on planning held at Tobruk, Libya; paper summarising the events in the Middle East theatre since the move of headquarters from Cairo to Fayid, Egypt and the impact of events on individual countries within the command including Egypt, Palestine, Transjordan, Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Greece, Iraq, Aden and the current political situation in the area; papers relating to the formation of an Special Air Service (SAS) unit within Middle East Land Forces (MELF); paper entitled 'Comments on theatre command organisation'; paper entitled 'Comments on combined integrated theatre staff' with organisation charts; paper on action at Tobruk, Libya in World War Two outlining the stages of the Allied and Axis offensives. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/25

1949 Mar

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; brief for the visit to Asmara and the 2 Royal Berkshire Regt by Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF); papers relating to Anglo-American planning; text of talk on the work of MELF, its tasks and commitments, the strengths of its garrisons and their administrative duties in each of the countries or regions within its command; signals and other papers relating to Jewish attack in the Aqaba area and the response of the Arab legion; paper on redeployment relating to a proposal by MELF to the War Office for a permanent deployment for forty principal units of the post-war order of battle; notes on Anglo-Egyptian defence talks by temp Brig D S S O'Connor; notes on technical talks with the Egyptians by Pyman; paper on the organisation of Chief of Staff's office and co-ordination branch; account of a dinner by both Pyman and FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery Of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff including Montgomery's outline of a conversation with Sidky Pasha, the Egyptian Prime Minister on the use of Egypt as a base; account of Sidky's response to Pyman's paper on Egypt requesting further information on the role of Turkey and Iraq; memorandum on the defence of the Middle East prepared by British Commanders-in-Chief Middle East for the Sidky; letter from Pyman to Maj Gen Richard Amyatt Hull, Director of Staff Duties relating to the work of the Civilian Repatriation Bureau; letter from Pyman to Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon regarding the British subsidy to the Arab Legion and the required reduction in the size of the legion due to financial limitations. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/26

1949 Apr

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; record of meeting between Sidky Pasha, the Egyptian Prime Minister and the, [ACM Sir Charles Edward Hasting Medhurst], Air Commander-in-Chief in Cairo relating to the use of Egypt as a British base; signals from Maj Gen John Bagot Glubb (Glubb Pasha), Chief of General Staff, the Arab Legion, Transjordon relating to the armistice between the Arab League and the Jewish forces and the forced surrender of several Palestinian villages; proposal for composition of field forces and order of battle for the Egyptian Army; paper on 'Future of Eritrea' outlining relevant text from diplomatic telegrams; paper entitled 'New dispositions of Arab Legion and Iraqi army in Palestine and Transjordan'; paper entitleed 'Israel - Transjordan armistice' outlining the conditions of the armistice and the resulting new boundaries; notes on technical talks between the Egyptian authorities and the British services; notes consisting of summaries of diplomatic telegrams on Egypt, Iraq, Palestine, Akaba and Transjordan, Ex-Italian colonies and the Syrian coup d'etat; paper describing the planned strategy in the Middle East Region in the case of another war breaking out, possibly with Russia; Pyman's notes for meeting on the reorganisation of the higher command in Middle East Land Forces (MELF) with diagrams; draft letter from Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, MELF to, Gen Sir Kenneth Noel Crawford, Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff on the reorganisation of the system of command in MELF. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/27

1949 May

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to the Bevin-Sforza or Anglo-Italian proposal for the former Italian colonies of Libya, Cyrenaica and Tripolitania; brief prepared for Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) for talks in UK on 'Denial of Middle East Oil' regarding the policy of restricting oil supply to delay an enemy advance; brief prepared for Crocker for talks in UK on 'Redeployment of MELF garrison'; memorandum relating to artillery equipment in Ceylon; digest on Anglo-American planning in the Middle East prepared for FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery Of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff by Pyman; record of meeting between Pyman and the Rt Hon Sir Ronald Ian Campbell, British Ambassador in Cairo to discuss technical talks between the British and the Egyptians. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/28

1949 Jun

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; papers relating to technical talks between the British and the Egyptians; papers relating to civil unrest in Kenya and Uganda. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/1/29

1949 Jul

Diary containing daily entries by Pyman with memoranda, telegrams and copy correspondence, including minutes of Chief of Staff's meetings; notes for a thank you speech; notes on the civil unrest in Kenya and Uganda; notes on Saudi Arabia, their treaty talks with the US, relations with Hashemite states and frontier negotiations relating to the Persian Gulf; notes on Greece and the continuing operations against the communists; notes on Cyprus municipal elections and internal security; notes on Syria, the President Col Husni Zaim, development of Army and relations with Iraq and Israel; notes on Iraq, Nuri Said's handling of the Palestine situation and relations with Syria, Egypt, Arab League; notes on Palestine, the military situation, Arab Palestine and Israel; notes on Egypt, improving relations with Britain, reorganisation of Army; notes on 'Denison' meetings between the British and the Egyptians relating to the presence of British forces in Egypt on 'D Day'; report on Anglo-American planning in the Middle East, FRANCHISE meeting. 1 file


PYMAN: 7/2 Other papers relating to Pyman as Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) Dec 1946 - Jul 1949


PYMAN: 7/2/1

1947 Mar 11

Minute on 'Middle East strategy 1947' , loose pages from diary. Typescript, 3pp


PYMAN: 7/2/2

1947 Aug 6

Notes for conference between FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) on 6 Aug 1947, arranged by country and geographical area, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Cyprus, Transjordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Aden, Cyrenaica, Malta, Tripolitania, East Africa, Middle East including details of current garrison strength and matters considered to be of long term importance in each area. With appendices 'Middle East and British Military Missions' (A) and chart showing possible deployment of formations and major units in the Middle East (less East Africa) during period 1 Jul 1947 to 1 Jan 1950 inclusive (B). 1 file


PYMAN: 7/2/3

1948 June 22

Review of the situation in the Middle East with regard to recent developments in the area including the increased likelihood of war with Russia, increased US involvement in Middle East affairs and the evacuation of Palestine. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 7/2/4

[1950]

Text of a talk by Pyman entitled 'The responsibilities of Middle East Land Forces (MELF)' with sections on the Middle East and the main political currents in it, the military forces of the Middle East, the Russian strategic threat, tasks of the British forces in peace and war. Typescript, 2 copies, 10 & 11pp


PYMAN: 7/3 Private correspondence between Pyman and Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, 1946-1948 during Pyman's tenure as Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) Dec 1946 - Jul 1949


PYMAN: 7/3/1

1946 Jul 2

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to university entrance to the Army; progress on the history of the 2 Army; the ceremony to confer the Freedom of the city of London to AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander; the future layout of the regular and territorial armies. Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 7/3/2

1946 Jul 24

Letter from Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey to Pyman relating to points raised in Pyman's letter with remarks on the Middle East particularly Greece, Iraq, Palestine and Egypt. Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 7/3/3-4

1946 Aug 1

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to the possible abolition of Chief of Combined Operations and Combined Operations Headquarters and his opposition to this; his views on Cabinet personnel and Gen Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman as Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff; his suggestions for a 'National Preservation Corps'. With minute entitled 'Home defence in the next war - consideration of production of organisation and personnel'. Typescript, 3pp


PYMAN: 7/3/5

1946 Sep 7

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to his acceptance of a position in Middle East Land Forces (MELF). Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 7/3/6

1947 Sep 1

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to the new Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) Gen Sir John Tredinnick Crocker; deteriorating political situation in Greece; the recent visit of FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff; possible new location for General Headquarters. Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 7/3/7

1947 Sep 16

Letter to Pyman from Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to the possibility of the next General Headquarters being located in Africa; FM Bernard Law Montgomery Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff and the declining role of the Chiefs of Staff (COS) Committee; Dempsey's future plans. Manuscript, 6pp


PYMAN: 7/3/8

[1947] Oct 2

Copy of note from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey acknowledging receipt of letter. Manuscript, 1p


PYMAN: 7/3/9

1947 Oct 18

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to 'the African project' (the plan to locate General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces (MELF) in Africa) and the Chiefs of Staff; MRAF Arthur William Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder of Glenguin and his dominance of the Chiefs of Staff; Pyman's belief that Dempsey should return to the Army, possibly as Chief of the Imperial General Staff; Pyman's future career prospects; the projected withdrawal from Palestine by the British. Manuscript, 8pp


PYMAN: 7/3/10

[1947] Nov 20

Letter to Pyman from to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to Pyman's career prospects; disorder within the Army; FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff's views on Africa; meeting with AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma. Manuscript, 4pp


PYMAN: 7/3/11

[1948 Jun 30]

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to regional Headquarters and relations with the Navy; changes in commanders; latest situation in Greece, East Africa, the former Italian colonies, Egypt and the Arab world. manuscript, 5pp


PYMAN: 7/3/12

[1948] Jul 18

Letter to Pyman from Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to the policy of the Iraq Petroleum Company; increasing unpopularity of FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff; AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, 1 Earl Mountbatten of Burma as the possible solution to the problems of the existing Chiefs of Staff system; opposition to conscription. manuscript, 2pp


PYMAN: 7/3/13

[1948] Oct 1

Letter from Pyman to Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey relating to Cyprus, Egypt and Palestine and the spread of communism; shortages and troop reductions in Middle East Land Forces (MELF); FM Bernard Law Montgomery 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Chief of the Imperial General Staff's proposed attempt to revive the Army in Western Europe; Pyman's preparation of course on 2 Army for the 'Backward Boys'. Manuscript, 4pp


PYMAN: 8 Papers relating to Pyman as Director General Fighting Vehicles, Ministry of Supply, 1951–1953


PYMAN: 8/1

[1951] May 3

Diary note by Pyman relating to a meeting between Rt Hon George Russell Strauss, Minister of Supply and representatives of the motor industry relating to the peacetime requirement for production of vehicles for the next three years. Manuscript, 2pp


PYMAN: 8/2

1951 Jun 30

Diary note by Pyman with letter from Dr Owen (Haddon) Wansborough -Jones, Principal Director of Scientific Research (Defence) Ministry of Supply, to the Secretary of Medical Research Board relating to armoured warfare and letter from Pyman to Maj Gen Sir Percy Cleghorn Stanley Hobart relating to the appointment of the next Colonel Commandant of Royal Tank Regiment. Typescript, 5pp


PYMAN: 8/3

1951 Jul 18

Diary note by Pyman relating to a visit by Sir Leonard Percy Lord of The Austin Motor Co. Ltd and the tank engine programme. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/4

1951 Sep 11

Diary note by Pyman and review of Over my Shoulder. The autobiography of Maj Gen Sir Ernest Dunlop Swinton (George Ronald: Oxford, 1951). Typescript and manuscript, 4pp


PYMAN: 8/5

1951 Oct 1

Diary note by Pyman with text of lecture given to the College of Science at Shrivenham, Oxfordshire by Pyman relating to his work as Director General Fighting Vehicles at the Ministry of Supply. Typescript and manuscript, 16pp


PYMAN: 8/6

1951 Oct 10

Diary note by Pyman and text of lecture by Pyman to the RAF Staff College, Cranwell, Lincolnshire relating to the role of armoured divisions in warfare. With diagrams showing troop dispositions at the Battle of Alam Al Halfa, North Africa, 1942 and at Caumont, France, 1944 and draft version of lecture. Typescript, 30pp


PYMAN: 8/7

1951 Nov 15

Diary note by Pyman and text of lecture by Pyman to Royal Armoured Corps Conference on the development of armoured vehicles and his position as Director General Fighting Vehicles at the Ministry of Supply. Typescript, 9pp


PYMAN: 8/8

1952 Feb 24

Diary note by Pyman with answers to Lt Gen. Sir Giffard Le Quesne Martel's questionnaire on armoured warfare. Typescript, 7pp


PYMAN: 8/9

1952 Apr 22

Text of an address by Pyman to senior officers about the Fighting Vehicles Division of the Ministry of Supply describing the process of developing a vehicle. Typescript, 3pp


PYMAN: 8/10

1952 May 8

Memorandum on proposed reduction of staff in the Fighting Vehicles division at the Ministry of Supply. Typescript, 3pp


PYMAN: 8/11

1952 May 15

Diary note by Pyman relating to a dinner with Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey and Rt Hon John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn-Lloyd and their views on imperial policy. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/12

1952 Jul 16

Diary note by Pyman with letter from Pyman to Maj Gen Nigel William Duncan, Director Royal Armoured Corps relating to a history of 7 Armoured Div being written by [Jan Holman] Yindrich. Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 8/13

1952 Oct 7

Minutes sheet confirming points made at a meeting with the Austin Motor Co. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/14

[1952] Oct 17

Letter to Pyman from Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey arranging a lunch appointment. Manuscript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/15

1953 Feb 6

Diary note by Pyman and text of speech in reply to a toast at the Automobile Division Dinner and Dance at the Dorchester Hotel, London. Typescript and manuscript, 4pp


PYMAN: 8/16

1953 Feb 13

Diary note by Pyman with minutes of a committee meeting of the Royal Armoured Corps Journal and Pyman's comments for Capt Basil Henry Liddell Hart on his first chapter of '38-45' possibly referring to Liddell Hart's The tanks - the history of the Royal Tank Regiment (Cassell, London, 1959). Typescript, 6pp


PYMAN: 8/17

1953 Mar 25

Diary note by Pyman on discussion with Sir Charles Bartlett at Vauxhall Motors Ltd. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/18

1953 Apr 10

Diary note by Pyman relating to visit to English Steel and attendance at Annual General Meeting and Dinner of the Westminster Dragoons Regimental Association. Typescript, 1p


PYMAN: 8/19

1953

Souvenir programme to record the visit of Rt Hon Duncan Sandys MP, Minister of Supply to the Leyland Motors factory 23 Oct 1953 with photographs of the factory and work carried out there, signed by the company directors. Printed 16pp


PYMAN: 9 Papers relating to Pyman as General Officer Commanding 11 Armoured Div, British Army on the Rhine (BAOR), 1953-1955


PYMAN: 9/1

1952 Jul 18

Staff list of 11 Armoured Div, British Army on the Rhine (BAOR). Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 9/2

1953 Oct 8

Report on exercise entitled GRAND REPULSE carried out by 11 Armoured Div. Typescript, 8pp


PYMAN: 9/3

1953 Oct 15

Paper entitled ' The Atomic bomb as a tactical weapon on the battlefield with particular reference to an armoured division'. Typescript, 5pp


PYMAN: 9/4

[1954]

Text of opening statement by Pyman at the Royal Armoured Corps Conference relating to organisation for an armoured division. Typescript, 12 pp and duplicate, 11pp


PYMAN: 9/5

1954 Feb 1o

Text of lecture by Pyman to Royal United Service Institution on 'Armour in the land battle'. Typescript, 8pp


PYMAN: 9/6

1954 Mar

Text of lecture by Pyman to Swiss Officers Society on 'Armour' with sections on history of armour, modern armoured tactics and future armoured tactics. Typescript, 13pp


PYMAN: 9/7

1954 Jul 14-22

Record of the visit of Princess Margaret to 11 Armoured Div headquarters on 14 Jul, 1954 outlining the schedule and planned events of the visit. With letter from Capt Oliver Payan Dawnay, Private Secretary and Equerry to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother thanking Pyman on behalf of Princess Margaret. Typescript, 6pp


PYMAN: 9/8

[1955]

Text of Pyman's farewell speech to the 33 Armoured Bde of 11 Armoured Div outlining his views on the principles of armoured tactics. Typescript, 2pp


PYMAN: 9/9

[1954-55]

Papers produced for the BATTLE ROYAL exercise consisting of notes on 'umpire organisation', a fully integrated international staff, notes to director from Chief Umpire, notes on Staff College training. Typescript, 12pp


PYMAN: 9/10

1955 Jan

Letter from Pyman to Capt Basil Henry Liddell Hart relating to armoured division tactics, the BATTLE ROYAL exercise and command structure for air/land battles. Typescript, 5pp


PYMAN: 9/11

1955 Jan 30

Order of service for presentation of communion vessels to St Marien, Herford, West Germany from 11 Armoured Div. Printed booklet

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