King's College London
Archive Catalogues

PENNEY, Maj Gen Sir (William) Ronald Campbell (1896-1964)

Papers

References on this page: PENNEY: 1-18


PENNEY: 1 Personal papers, 1920-1958, including congratulatory messages on receipt of Knight Commander Order of the British Empire.


PENNEY: 1/1-3

1920-21

Typescript notification from Army Rugby Union team for Penney to play against the Navy Rugby Union team at Twickenham, on 28 Feb 1920 and 26 Feb 1921. 3pp.


PENNEY: 1/4

1948 Jun 8

Typescript invitation from Brig Robert Galbraith Horn, Honorary Secretary Army Rugby Union Club, for Penney to become Vice President of the Army Rugby Union club. 1p.


PENNEY: 1/5

1929 Jan

Army Orders, including list of Staff College Camberley graduates at course ending 21 Dec 1928, including Penney. 15-18pp.


PENNEY: 1/6

[1934]

Seniority roll of officers attending 45th course, Senior Officers' School, 1 Oct -19 Dec 1934, including Penney. 1p.


PENNEY: 1/7

[1939]

List of students on 13th course, Imperial Defence College, 1939, including Penney. 1p.


PENNEY: 1/8

1938 Oct, 1939 Jan

Pamphlet titled, 'Waziristan, 1937', written by Penney. Reprinted from Royal Signals Quarterly Journal. 43pp.


PENNEY: 1/9

1946 Jul 16

Invitation to garden party at Buckingham Palace, for the Penney family. 1p.


PENNEY: 1/10

1948 Mar 6

Typescript letter from John Roland Wade, The War Office to Penney, thanking him for his lecture and participation in Senior Officers' and Officials' Refresher Course in War Office organisation and procedure. 1p.


PENNEY: 1/11-13

1948 Mar 19, 1949 Nov 18, 1957 Oct 25

Typescript letters appointing Penney as Col Commandant and Representative Col Commandant, Royal Signals; and letter relinquishing roles. 3pp.


PENNEY: 1/14

1954 Oct 4 - 1954 Nov 1

Typescript itinerary and engagements of Penney, on visit to USA and Canada Oct 1954. 4pp.


PENNEY: 1/15

1955 Dec 4

Order of Service for the Dedication of St Columba's Church, Pont Street, London, SW1 (Kings & Hutchings, London, 1953). 8pp.


PENNEY: 1/16-56

1957 Jun - 1958 Jan

Letters received by Penney on his retirement from London Communications Security Agency on grounds of ill-health. 40pp.


PENNEY: 1/57

1948 Feb 2

Newspaper cutting from The Evening News, of photograph, probably of Penney's house. 1p


PENNEY: 1/58

[1948]

Newspaper cutting from The News of the World of report of case of burglary of Penney's house. 1p


PENNEY: 1/59

[1950]

Photograph of Donald Charles Cassels Dixon and Sarah Penney (Penney's daughter) after their wedding. 1 photograph.


PENNEY: 1/60-326

1957 - 1958

Congratulatory letters on Penney being awarded Knight Commander order of the British Empire. 266pp.


PENNEY: 2 Papers from Penney's service in Shanghai, China, as Brigade Major, Royal Signals 1931-33, including diary, memoranda and maps.


PENNEY: 2/1

1931 Oct 18

Essay on Chinese versus Japanese imperialism, written by Col Godfrey Robert Viveash Steward, Intelligence Section, General Staff, Shanghai, China to Maj Gen James Walter Sandilands, General Officer Commanding British Troops in China. 6pp.


PENNEY: 2/2

1932 Mar 9

Memorandum on the situation in and around the international settlement of Shanghai, China by Secretary, Defence Committee (Penney), describing the potential sources of unrest in Shanghai, and the wider context of Sino-Japanese relations. 11pp


PENNEY: 2/3

1932 Mar 14

Japanese Invasion of Shanghai (January 28 - March 7, 1932) - A Record of Facts, (Secretariat, City Government of Greater Shanghai, 1932). 11pp.


PENNEY: 2/4

1933 Jan 28

Memorandum on political situation in Japan, by W.R. O'Connor Green, British Embassy, Tokyo, Japan, setting out Japan's political and economic development, and offering explanations for Japan's policy to China. 14pp.


PENNEY: 2/5

1933 Mar

Memorandum on the retention of a British garrison in Shanghai, China, stating the need for the British forces in the area. 7pp.


PENNEY: 2/6

1932 Jan 26 - 1932 Jun 13

War diary by Penney, referring principally to Japanese landing in Shanghai, China, and the first battle of Shanghai, between 26 Jan and 13 Jun 1932. 83pp.


PENNEY: 2/7

1928 Apr 21

Plan of Shanghai, China published by North China Daily News and Herald. Marked to show perimeter, sectors and units. Scale 1: 482, 803.


PENNEY: 2/8

[1932]

Plan of Shanghai, China, showing district west of foreign settlement, published by Shanghai Municipal Council Public Works Department. Marked to show barbed wire fencing. Scale 1:4800.


PENNEY: 2/9

1932 Apr 15

Manuscript map, 'Sino-Japanese conflict Shanghai', showing area of operations, including Japanese units and positions. Scale 1:127,320


PENNEY: 2/10

1932

Ordinance Survey map 'Eastern China, Shanghai', (War Office, GS/GS, no 3789,1927, corrections and additions 1932). Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 2/11

1927

Ordinance Survey map 'Shanghai and Hangchow', (War Office, GS/GS, no 3825). Scale 1:250,000.


PENNEY: 2/12

1928 Apr 21

Plan of Shanghai published under authority of Municipal Council, showing Police districts and Police stations. Scale 1:15915.


PENNEY: 2/13

[1932]

Map of Shanghai, showing positions of US, French and British units. Scale 1:15915.


PENNEY: 2/14

1932 Feb 25

Typescript letter from US Lt R A Bone, US Marine Corps, Intelligence Office, Headquarters, 4 Marines Unit, Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces, Shanghai, to Penney, forwarding map of area of Shanghai held by 2 Bn Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 1p.


PENNEY: 2/15

[1932]

Manuscript map of Cha-peh, China, with houses searched by Japanese, and other indications of Japanese activity.


PENNEY: 2/16-35

[1932]

Collection of press cuttings, sketch maps, newspapers cartoons and posters relating to the Sino-Japanese dispute over Shanghai, China. Including posters by the Shanghai municipality national salvation committee to resist Japan. 19pp.


PENNEY: 3 Papers relating to Penney's service as Signal Officer in Chief, Middle East, 1941-1943.


PENNEY: 3/1

1941 Oct - 1943 Sep

Typescript narrative by Penney, 'Moves to and in Middle East and North Africa', describing the advance of the Allied Forces through North Africa. 5pp.


PENNEY: 3/2

1943 Feb-Dec, 1944 Apr-Dec

Typescript diary by Penney, including description of Battle of Kasserine Pass, Tunisia, 14-22 Feb 1943, aftermath of Battle of Tunisia, 3-13 May 1943, an account of Allied Forces Headquarters Algiers under US Gen Dwight David Eisenhower; and reflections on differences between American and British signals procedures. 104pp.


PENNEY: 3/3

1943 Jun

Map, 'The North African Campaign 21 Apr - 13 May (NWA 24)', showing lines of advance of Allied units. Scale 1:422,400.


PENNEY: 3/4

1949 May 9

Letter from Rev I Dunbar, Honorary Chaplain, St George's Church, Tunis, Tunisia, to Penney, forwarding photographs of 1 Infantry Div memorial and of St George's Church. 1p


PENNEY: 3/5-6

[1949]

Photographs of 1 Infantry Div memorial and of St George's Church, Tunis, Tunisia. 2 photographs.


PENNEY: 4 Penney's letters to his wife, as Director of Intelligence, Headquarters Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, 1944-1945.


PENNEY: 4/1

1945 Apr 3

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Ottawa, Canada, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 4/2

1945 Apr 5

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, discussing Penney's meeting with 1st Earl of Athlone, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George Cambridge and Princess Alice of Albany. 2pp.


PENNEY: 4/3

1945 Apr 6

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Washington, USA, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 4/4

1945 Apr 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Washington, USA, includes discussion on domestic help. 6pp.


PENNEY: 4/5

1945 Apr 10

Photograph of letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Washington, USA, discussing personal matters. 1p.


PENNEY: 4/6

1945 Apr 19

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Washington, USA, discussing personal matters. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/7

1945 Apr 30

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Perth, Australia, discussing personal matters. 16pp.


PENNEY: 4/8

1945 May 3

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/9

1945 May 5

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/10

1945 May 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing VE day celebrations. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/11

1945 May 13

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing VE day parade. 6pp.


PENNEY: 4/12

1945 May 18

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/13

1945 May 21

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/14

1945 May 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 11pp.


PENNEY: 4/15

1945 Jun 3

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/16

1945 Jun 8

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 4/17

1945 Jun 19

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing a visit to Dehli and Calcutta, India. 6pp.


PENNEY: 4/18

1945 Jun 20

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing a visit to Rangoon, Burma. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/19

1945 Jun 21

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 5pp.


PENNEY: 4/20

1945 Jun 28

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing praise Penney received from Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, over his Intelligence work. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/21

1945 Jun 29

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the death of Penney's mother. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/22

1945 Jul 3

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/23

1945 Jul 5

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing election prospects in Britain, and British attitudes to war in the Far East. 12pp.


PENNEY: 4/24

1945 Jul 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/25

1945 Jul 11

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, warning about the dangers of gossip concerning the Allied forces in the Far East. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/26

1945 Jul 19

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/27

1945 Jul 20

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing Penney's trip with Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, to US Gen Douglas MacArthur at Manila, Philipines. Also voices concern over the use of 'token' British forces with Americans in offensive against Japan. 13pp.


PENNEY: 4/28

1945 Jul 24

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the forthcoming election in Britain and personal news. 13pp.


PENNEY: 4/29

1945 Jul 28

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the General election in Britain, and on being presented with US Legion of Merit. 4pp.


PENNEY: 4/30

1945 Jul 30

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing Britain's possible decline to third power status. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/31

1945 Aug 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the dropping of the atomic bomb, and the post-war policy regarding Japan. 12pp.


PENNEY: 4/32

1945 Aug 14

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing Britain's possible decline to third power status. 8pp.


PENNEY: 4/33

1945 Aug 25

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing a delegation being sent to Manila, Philippines regarding Japanese capitulation. 12pp.


PENNEY: 4/34

1945 Aug 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing influence of UK on post-war world, and how much US foreign policy will be dictated by the repayment of loans. 9pp.


PENNEY: 4/35

1945 Sep 3

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing an American naval display in Tokyo Bay, Japan, and US loans to the UK. 5pp.


PENNEY: 4/36

1945 Sep 5

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing Allied POWs problems, Japanese surrender and a ceremony in honour of US Gen Douglas MacArthur in Tokyo, Japan. 11pp.


PENNEY: 4/37

1945 Sep 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the Japanese attitude to defeat. 6pp.


PENNEY: 4/38

1945 Sep 14

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing visit to Singapore, conditions of Allied POWs in Japanese camps, the collecting of evidence of Japanese war crimes, and the Japanese formal surrender. 20pp.


PENNEY: 4/39

1945 Sep 21

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing personal matters. 3pp.


PENNEY: 4/40

1945 Sep 25

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing US policy in Japan, and future Anglo-American relations. 8pp.


PENNEY: 5 Papers relating to Penney's service as Director of Intelligence, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, 1944-1945.


PENNEY: 5/1

1945 May 2

Typescript letter [from Penney] to Maj Gen John Alexander Sinclair, Director of Military Intelligence, War Office, giving an account of his journey 1-26 April 1945, from Montreal to Melbourne. Describes Intelligence work in USA, Canada and Australia, his meetings with officers, including US Army Gen Douglas MacArthur, and calling for better control and coordination of the Special Operations Executive (SOE). 9pp.


PENNEY: 5/2

1945 Jun 6

Typescript account [by Penney] of conversation with Dr Ripley, US Office of Strategic Services, regarding US strategy and objectives in war against Japan, particularly comparing the tactics of penetrating the Chinese mainland or invading one of the main Japanese islands. Includes views of James Grew and Sir George Sansom, Minister, British Embassy, Washington US. 1p


PENNEY: 5/3

1945 Jun 15

Front cover of 'Rangoon victory parade programme'. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/4

1945 Jun 17

Manuscript letter from Royal Netherland Embassy [Chungking, China] to Penney, loaning a booklet about Japanese propaganda and espionage. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/5

1945 Jul 19

Typescript letter from Penney to Deputy Chief of Staff, South East Asia Command, describing his vist to Chungking, China, 15-17 Jul 1945. 3pp.


PENNEY: 5/6

1945 Jul 28

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Clayton Bissell, Military Intelligence, Div G-2 [General Staff, Officer Operations], War Department, Washington, regretting their failure to meet on latter's visit to Kandy, Ceylon. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/7

1945 Aug 3

Typescript letter from Chinese Lt Gen Ceng Kai-min, Director of Military Intelligence, Chinese Army, to Penney, giving thanks for a letter and for pleasure of Penney's acquaintance. With copy in Chinese. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/8

1945 Aug 11

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Clayton Bissell, Military Intelligence, Div G2 [General Staff, Officer Operations], War Department, Washington, to Penney, in reply to letter from 28 Jul 1945. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/9

[1945]

Typescript table of Japanese troops by area, overall strength, concentration, whether they are disarmed and those remaining under arms. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/10

1945 Aug 16

Typescript letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten to Lt Gen Charles Henry Gairdner, Headquarters, AFPAC, on sending of Lt Gen Charles Henry Gairdner on permanent liason with US Army Gen Douglas MacArthur. 1p


PENNEY: 5/11

1945 Aug 26

Typescript letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten to General of the US Army Gen Douglas MacArthur, discussing Japan's surrender and Penney's role as head of the British mission at the surrender. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/12

1945 Aug 20

Typescript signal to Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, repeating proclamation of Supreme Commander of Japanese Army, declaring peace negoatiations are taking place with the Allies. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/13

1945 Aug 23

Typescript report by Penney entitled 'Summary of impressions recieved at Manila', discussing the peace procedures formulated in Washington and the Japanese attitude toward them. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/14

[1945] Sep 23

Typescript report by Penney regarding the procedure of the Japanese surrender, and the British Army's involvement. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/15

1945 Aug 29

Typescript letter entitled, 'Note by conference secretariat', from Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, stating that a translation of Japanese FM Count Hisachi Terauchi's letter discussing the peace procedures has been issued under a cover of a letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, to the Commanders-in-Chief and Force Commanders. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/16

1945 Aug 29

Typescript letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, to Commanders in Chief forwarding letter from Japanese FM Count Hisachi Terauchi. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/17

[1945 Aug]

Typescript letter [by Japanese FM Count Hisachi Terauchi] to Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, discussing the peace procedures, including an outline of Japanese disarmament, the treatment and contact of Allied POWs, and the suggestion of a joint Japanese and Allied post-surrender organisation, to prevent any resumption of hostilities. 2 copies. 4pp.


PENNEY: 5/18

1945 Aug 31

Typescript letter from M Esler Denning, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia to John Cecil Sterndale-Bennett, Foreign Office, London, giving an account of the events of 26-28 Aug 1945, describing the negotiations and signature of Japanese instrument of surrender. 6pp.


PENNEY: 5/19

1945 Sep 7

Typescript report by Lt Gen Arthur Ernest Percival, entitled 'Notes on Prisoner of War and Internee camps', describing conditions of Allied POWs in Japanese camps in Singapore, Taiwan and Manchuria. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/20

1945 Sep 12

Typescript note showing seating arrangements for signing of Japanese instrument of surrender at Singapore, 12 Sep 1945. 2 copies. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/21

1945 Sep 12

Photographed copy of instrument of surrender of Japanese forces, signed by Japanese FM Count Hisachi Terauchi and Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/22

1945 Sep 30

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen John Alexander Sinclair, Director of Military Inteligence, The War Office, attaching letter representing case of Lt Col Winterborn for employment in the Special Intelligence Service. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/23

1945 May 31

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Sir Stewart Menzies, Director of Military Intelligence, War Office, representing case of Lt Col Winterborn for employment in the Special Intelligence Service. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/24

1945 Oct 6

Restricted pamphlet, 'Chiefs of Staff Committee, Joint Intelligence Sub-Committee, Organisation of Intelligence, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia', describing the responsibilities and functions of the Intelligence division. 7pp.


PENNEY: 5/25

[1945]

Typescript note by Penney entitled, 'General Observations', summarising thoughts on Intelligence work in South East Asia, including calling for more awareness of Intelligence work in the Royal Navy and RAF, and greater co-operation over Intelligence work in the future between the British and US armies. 4pp.


PENNEY: 5/26

1945 Oct 15

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning, Chief of Staff, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing the command structure of the Army in South East Asia. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/27

1945 Oct 15

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning, Chief of Staff, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, discussing his future employment in army and senior appointments at War Office. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/28

1945 Oct 25

Typescript letter from Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten to Penney, thanking him for work done in London to promote intelligence work in South East Asia. 1p


PENNEY: 5/29

1945 Oct 25

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning to Penney, discussing problems over the Dutch East Indies and the intelligence structure in South East Asia. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/30

1945 Nov 14

Typescript letter from Muriel Price, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, to Penney discussing gossip from headquarters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 5/31

1945 Nov 17

Typescript letter from from Penney from, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, to War Office, forwarding an account of Japanese Army strategic intelligence. 4pp.


PENNEY: 5/32

[1945 Nov 17]

Typescript prepared by General Staff Intelligence, 34 Indian Corps, entitled 'A short account of Japanese Army strategic intelligence as available to 29 Army', compiled from interrogation of Chief of Staff of Japanese 29 Army. Account suggests the weakness of the Japanese subordinate Commanders' strategic intelligence resources. 4pp.


PENNEY: 5/33

1945 Nov 19

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning to Penney, regretting Penney's non-return to Asia. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/34

1945 Nov 21

Typescript letter from Muriel [Price], Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, to Penney forwarding some of his personal papers. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/35

1945 Nov 22

Typescript letter from Henry Colville Barclay Wemyss [Military Secretary], War Office, to Penney forwarding message from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, regarding his concern for Penney's ill-health. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/36

1945 Nov 24

Typescript letter from Col G T Blunda, Superintendent, Headquarters, South East Asia, Translation and Interrogation Centre, to Penney, on Col G T Blunda's departure from Asia. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/37

1945 Dec 6

Typescript letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, to Penney, paying tribute to Penney's service as Director of Intelligence. 1p


PENNEY: 5/38

1945 Dec 6

Typescript letter from AVM Thomas Walker Elmhirst, Air Ministry, to Penney, regarding the appointment of AVM Lawrence Fleming Pendred to succeed Penney as Director of Intelligence, Supreme Allied Command, South East Asia. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/39

1945 Dec 17

Typescript letter from Muriel Price, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, to Penney, discussing gossip from headquarters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/40

1945 Dec 29

Typescript letter from Lt C A Bachelor, Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, to Penney, paying tribute to Penney's service as Director of Intelligence. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/41

1946 Jan 2

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning, to Penney, regarding the political situation in the Dutch East Indies. 2pp.


PENNEY: 5/42

1946 Jan 17

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Frederick Arthur Montgomery Browning, to Penney, including favourable comments on Penney's successor, AVM Lawrence Fleming Pendred. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/43

1947 Mar 19

Typescript letter from Supreme Allied Commander, Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, Adm Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, to Penney, referring to the production of Mountbatten's report on South East Asia. 1p.


PENNEY: 5/44

1945 Oct

Pamplet, 'South East Asia Command Group of Headquarters Directory'. 56pp.


PENNEY: 5/45-56

1945 Aug 19 - 1945 Oct 2

Newspaper cuttings, mostly referring to Japan's signing of the instrument of surrender.


PENNEY: 6 Supreme Commander's report to the Combined Chiefs of Staff operations in Europe of the Allied Expeditionary Force, 6 Jun 1944 to 8 May 1945.


PENNEY: 6

1946

Report by the Supreme Commander to the Combined Chiefs of Staff on the Operations in Europe of the Allied Expeditionary Force - 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945 (HMSO, London, 1945). Written by US Gen Dwight David Eisenhower. 1 vol.


PENNEY: 7 Letters relating to Penney's role in the Anzio landings, Italy, as Commander, 1 Infantry Div, and papers relating to Col Eric Dorman-Smith, Oct 1943 - Aug 1944.


PENNEY: 7/1

1943 Oct 21

Typescript letter from Lt Col Kenneth Zitman, Corps and Signal Officer Headquarters, CII Corps, to Penney, Headquarters, 15 Army Group, regarding Zitman's new assignment as a Signal Officer, and congratulating Penney on his appointment as Commander 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/2

1943 Oct 25

Typescript letter from US Col Francis E Kidwell, Deputy Staff Officer, US 5 Army, to Penney, congratulating him on his appointment as Commander 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/3

1943 Dec 27

Typescript letter from US Gen Dwight David Eisenhower, Allied Force Headquarters, to Penney, thanking him for New Year wishes. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/4

1944 Feb 20

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Gerald Walter Robert Templer, Headquarters, 56 (London) Div, to Penney, thanking 1 Infantry Div for assistance on arrival at Anzio bridgehead, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/5

1944 Feb 21

Typescript letter from Brig Kenneth Chisholm Davidson, Headquarters, 168 London Inf Bde, to Penney, praising fighting qualities of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/6

1944 Feb 22

Typescript letter from Penney, to Maj Gen Gerald Walter Robert Templer, Headquarters, 56 (London) Div, replying to Maj Gen Gerald Walter Robert Templer's letter of 20 Feb 1944, concerning personal matters. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/7

1944 Feb 25

Typescript letter from Penney, to Brig Kenneth Chisholm Davidson, Headquarters, 168 London Inf Bde, replying to Davidson's letter of 21 Feb 1944, and praising 168 London Inf Bde. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/8

1944 Feb 25

Typescript letter from Penney, to Maj Gen Gerald Walter Robert Templer, Headquarters, 56 (London) Div, praising the bravery of 168 Bde. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/9

1944 Feb 29

Typescript letter from Penney, to Lt Gen Sir Bertram Sergison Brooke, British Red Cross, Southern Italy, forwarding medical requests, and reporting on losses in 1 Bn Scots Guards after a shell hit their headquarters. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/10

1944 Mar 5

Typescript letter from US [Col] L G Freeman, 3 Bn, US 504 Pararchute Infantry Regt, to Penney, praising the courage of 1 Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/11

1944 Mar 7

Typescript letter from Penney to Col L G Freeman, 3 Bn, 504 Pararchute Infantry Regt, thanking Freeman for letter of 5 Mar 1944. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/12

1944 Mar 7

Typescript letter from US Capt Carleton R Richmond Jr, American Field Service, to Penney, expressing admiration of 1 Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/13

1944 Mar 8

Typescript letter from US Col Ralph S Richmond, Officer Commanding, American Field Service, Headquarters 57 Area Central Mediterranean Force, to Penney, expressing admiration of 1 Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/14

1944 Mar 21

Typescript letter from US Brig Gen T J Tully, to Penney, thanking him for congratulatory letter regarding his promotion. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/15

1944 Mar 26

Telegram from Gen the Hon Sir Harold Alexander, Commander-in-Chief, Allied Armies in Italy, to Penney, congratulating Penney on award of his Companion of the Bath. 1p


PENNEY: 7/16

1944 Apr 2

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Allan Francis Harding, Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy, to Penney, stating that Col Eric Dorman-Smith is being sent to command [3 Inf] Bde, under Penney's command. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/17

1944 Apr 21

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Allan Francis Harding, Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy, including details on the recovery of a German radio controlled armoured tank, Leichte Ladungsträger (Sd Kfz 303) (V-Motor), B.IV Goliath. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/18

1944 Apr 24

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Allan Francis Harding, Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy, to Penney, showing concern of Penney's health, and suggesting a temporary exchange with Maj Gen John Leslie Imglis Hawkesworth. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/19

1944 Apr 24

Typescript letter from Capt D M Macleod, Staff Officer, 1 Infantry Div to Penney, forwarding his report entitled, 'What the men are thinking'. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/20

[1944 Apr 24]

Typescript report by Capt D M Macleod entitled, 'What the men are thinking', setting out the opinions of soldiers on a number of issues, including socialism in Russia, strikes in Britain and transfer to fight in the Far East. 9pp.


PENNEY: 7/21

1944 Apr 29

Typescript report from Rev Arthur H Butler, Senior Chaplain to the Forces, to Penney, entitled, 'The relevance of Christianity for serving men', which briefly explains the basic theology behind Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, Spiritualist and Agnostic beliefs. 3 copies. 9pp.


PENNEY: 7/22

1944 Apr 29

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Allan Francis Harding, Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy, replying to Harding's letter of April 24 1944, stating his unwillingness for a temporary transfer. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/23

[1944 Apr] 28

Telegram from Penney to Lt Gen Allan Francis Harding, Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy, stating his unwillingness for a temporary transfer. 1pp.


PENNEY: 7/24

1944 May 3

Manuscript letter from Wynford Vaughan Thomas to Penney, writing on behalf of the British war correspondents on the Anzio beachhead, wishing Penney a speedy recovery. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/25

1944 May 10

Typescript letter from Gen Ronald Forbes Adam, Adjutant Gen, to Penney, discussing absentees and deserters, stating that there will be no general amnesty on such actions at the end of hostilities. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/26

1944 Jun 4

Typescript letter from Penney to Ian H White-Thompson, Chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury, forwarding reports by Capt D M Macleod and Rev Arthur H Butler on soldiers' thoughts on spiritual and social matters, and asking for advice on the moral and spiritual re-education of the forces. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/27

1944 Jun 6

Typescript letter from Ian H White-Thompson, Chaplain to Archbishop of Canterbury, to Penney, thanking Penney for the reports sent to him, by Capt D M Macleod and Rev Arthur H Butler on soldiers' thoughts on spiritual and social matters. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/28

1944 Jun 13

Typescript letter from Prof John Nicholson Wright, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, University of St Andrews, to Penney commenting on report by Capt D M Macleod entitled, 'What the men are thinking', setting out the opinions of soldiers on a number of issues, and suggesting how these opinions could be altered. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/29

1944 Jun 14

Typescript letter from William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Penney, commenting on reports, forwarded by Penney, by Capt D M Macleod and Rev Arthur H Butler on soldiers' thoughts on spiritual and social matters, and suggesting a continuation of organised adult education. 2p.


PENNEY: 7/30

1944 Jun 18

Typescript letter from Penney to US Maj Gen Lucian King Truscott, Commander, 6 US Corps, on 1 Infantry Div leaving 6 US Corps. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/31

1944 Jun 22

Typescript letter from US Lt Gen Mark Wayne Clark, Commanding General, US 5 Army, to Penney, on 1 Infantry Div coming under the command of 8 Army. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/32

1944 June 22

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Sir Oliver Leese, Tactical Headquarters 8 Army, to Penney, welcoming 1 Infantry Div to 8 Army. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/33

1944 June 26

Typescript letter from Penney to US Lt Gen Mark Wayne Clark, Commanding General, US 5 Army, thanking him for letter of 22 Jun 1944.


PENNEY: 7/34

1944 June 26

Typescript letter from US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott, Commander, 6 US Corps, to Penney, thanking him for letter of 18 June 1944, and praising the bravery of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/35

1944 June 26

Typescript letter from Lt Gen Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, Tactical Headquarters 8 Army, to Penney, thanking Penney for the report, 'The relevance of Christianity for serving men', written by Capt D M Macleod, and informing Penney of a visit to the troops by the Bishop of Lichfield. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/36

1944 Jul 1

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, Commander, 8 Army, thanking him for his letter of welcome. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/37

1944 Jul 21

Manuscript letter from Mrs Clitheroe to Penney, thanking him for his letter of sympathy on the death in action, of her son John Clitheroe. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/38

1944 Jul 24

Manuscript letter from Ernest A V Gill, Chaplain,1 Div, to Penney, regretting Penney's departure as Commander of 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/39

1944 Jul 30

Manuscript letter from 1 Reconnaissance Regt, Royal Armoured Corps, to Penney, regretting Penney's departure as Commander, 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/40

1944 Aug 1

Manuscript letter from Gilbert, Headquarters, 1 Infantry Div, to Penney, regretting Penney's departure as Commander of 1 Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/41

1944 Jul

Typescript report by Penney on Col (temporary Brig) Eric Dorman-Smith, relating to events from Dorman-Smith's appointment to command 3 Infantry Bde, April 1944 to departure of Penney 24 Jul 1944, reporting from officers serving in 3 Infantry Bde that Dorman-Smith acted with a lack of direction at the battle of Ardea, near Anzio, Italy, and concluding that Dorman-Smith should be relieved of his command and given staff employment. 2pp.


PENNEY: 7/42

1944 Aug 3

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, Commander, 8 Army, expressing anxiety over Col (temporary Brig) Eric Dorman-Smith's command of 3 Infantry Bde, and stating that Penney has filled in a change of employment form for Dorman-Smith, and sent it to Headquarters, Allied Armies in Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 7/43

1944 Aug 26

Typescript letter from US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott, Commander, 6 US Corps, to Penney forwarding photograph of engraved shell case, given to US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott by the US 6 Corps Ordinance Section. 1p.


PENNEY: 8 Documents relating to Penney's role in the Anzio landings, Italy, as Commander, 1 Infantry Div, consisting of contemporary notes and diary on Operation SHINGLE (Allied landings at Anzio Italy) and the German counter attack,


PENNEY: 8/1

1943 Dec 31- 1944 Jan 11

Typescript extracts from diary by Penney dealing with build up to Anzio landings, including brief character description of US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott, 6 US Corps. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/2

1944 Jan 2

Typescript notes by Penney entitled, 'Notes by Commander 1 Div, based on information available up to 0900 hrs 2 Jan', setting out the aim of landing 1 Div, the topography of the beaches at Anzio, Italy, the possible reaction time of the German Army to this landing. 4pp.


PENNEY: 8/3

1944 Jan 3

Typescript report by Lt Col G E Thubron, 1 Infantry Div, outlining Operation SHINGLE (Allied landings at Anzio, Italy), including the distribution of troops, with traced map of Anzio beachhead. 4pp.


PENNEY: 8/4

1944 Jan 5

Typescript notes by US Col William H Hill, Headquarters 6 Corps, entitled, 'Outline plan for operation immediately subsequent to establishing beachhead', explaining 1 Infantry Div role upon landing as counterattacking, in defence of the Anzio beachhead, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/5

1944 Jan 6

Typescript by Lt Col G E Thubron, 1 Infantry Div, outlining Operation SHINGLE (Allied landings at Anzio, Italy), setting out how the beachhead will be captured, and what action will be taken once after the establishment of a beachhead. 5pp.


PENNEY: 8/6

1944 Jan 12

Typescript report by Col Joseph L Langevin, Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, [Gen Staff Officer Operations], Headquarters US 6 Corps, to Intelligence Officer, 1 Infantry Div, estimating German capabilities to counterattack on the north west flank of 1 Infantry Div beachhead at Anzio. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/7

[1944 Jan]

Typescript memorandum [from 1 Infantry Div] regarding Operation SHINGLE (Allied landings at Anzio, Italy) entitled, 'Enemy appreciation', setting out what effect topography will have on a German counter-attack, the strength of the German forces in the Anzio area, and estimates on the German counter-attack plan. 3pp.


PENNEY: 8/8

[1944 Jan]

Manuscript map, showing estimated German counter-attack plan against 6 US Corps, Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/9

1944 Jan 12

Typescript report by Lt Col G E Thubron, 1 Infantry Div, entitled '1 Br Div Operation Order No 1', regarding the assault phase of Operation SHINGLE (Allied landings at Anzio, Italy). 5pp.


PENNEY: 8/10

1944 Jan 20

Typescript extracts from diary by Penney, aboard Headquarters ship HMS BULOLO, Naples, Italy on eve of Anzio landings, Italy, expressing optimism in British and American troops, and believing the Germans are unaware of the attack. 3pp.


PENNEY: 8/11

1944 Jan 22, 24-29

Typescript extracts from diary [by Penney], describing the Anzio landings, and the immediate aftermath, including criticism of US Col William H Hill for planning offensive on corps and divisional level. .With congratulatory manuscript telegram by Maj Gen John P Lucas, Commander 6 US Corps. 4pp.


PENNEY: 8/12

1944 Jan 25

Typescript report by 1 Infantry Div Commander [Penney] on the Carroceto offensive, Italy, 25 Jan 1944, describing the operation and stating lessons that should be drawn from it, including his warning against not mixing armoured and infantry tactics. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/13

1944 Jan 27

Typescript memorandum by 1 Infantry Div Commander [Penney], on situation on 27 Jan 1944 and underlining the importance of vigorous patrolling, and the need for the Allies to enforce their artillery superiority around the Anzio beachhead, Italy. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/14

1944 Jan 30, 1944 Feb 10, 1944 Feb 20

Typescript extracts from diary by Penney, describing the German counterattack after the Anzio landings, Italy, including entry for 10 Feb containing strong criticism of US Maj Gen William W Eagles, Commander 45 US Infantry Div. 3pp.


PENNEY: 8/15

1944 Feb 3

Typescript report by Penney to Commanders of 24 Guards Bde, 2 Infantry Bde, and 3 Infantry Bde, entitled 'Short shooting', detailing incidents of Allied shells hitting Allied soldiers, and insisting on future precautions to prevent recurrence. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/16

1944 Feb 3

Typescript report from Penney to 168 Infantry Bde and 46 Royal Tank Regt, reporting that Allied reconaissance aircraft have been fired at by Allies, and pointing out the identifying marks of Allied observational aircraft involved in defending Anzio beachhead, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/17

1944 Feb 3

Typescript memorandum from Penney to 168 Infantry Bde and 46 Royal Tank Regiment, entitled, 'Primus Inter Pares - what we have we hold', warning of German counterattack following the Azio landings, Italy, and stressing his order to defend land that has been won. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/18

1944 Feb 3

Typescript memorandum from Penney to 168 Infantry Bde, and 46 Royal Tank Regiment, anticipating German counterattack following the Azio landings, and setting out the positions of the 24 Guards Brigade Group and 3 Infantry Brigade Group. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/19

1944 Feb 10

Typescript letter from Penney to Commanding General US 6 Corps, US Maj Gen John P Lucas, requesting information as to US 6 Corps plan, forecast of German intentions and interaction of 5 Army and 6 Corps operations. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/20

1944 Feb 11

Typescript letter from US Maj Gen John P Lucas, Commander 6 US Corps, to Penney, replying to letter of 10 Feb 1944, stating that 5 Army priority is to maintain Anzio beachhead defences, Italy, with US 6 Corps conducting reconaissance operations. Also includes casualty totals and effective strengths of US 6 Corps. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/21

1944 Feb 11

Typescript letter from US Maj Gen John P Lucas, Commander 6 US Corps, to Penney, praising fighting spirit of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/22

1944 Feb

Typescript letter from Penney to US Maj Gen John P Lucas, Commander 6 US Corps, thanking him for his letter of 11 Feb 1944, which praised the fighting spirit of 1 Infantry Div around Carroceto, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/23

1944 Feb 11

Typescript message from Penney to 1 Infantry Div, forwarding letter from US Maj Gen John P Lucas, Commander 6 US Corps, praising fighting spirit of 1 Infantry Div around Carroceto, Italy. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/24

1944 Feb 11

Typescript notes by Penney entitled, 'Notes by Commander 1 Infantry Div - Anzio 11 Feb 1944', giving estimated German intentions and tactics regarding German counter attack, and Allied counter action tactics such as tank offensives. 3pp.


PENNEY: 8/25

1944 Feb 13

Typescript report by Penney entitled 'Distribution of British forces in the Anzio beachhead', setting out the boundaries between British and US troops at Anzio beachhead, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/26

1944 Feb 17

Typescript notes by Penney entitled, 'Notes by Commander 1 Infantry Div, 0900 hrs 17 Feb1944', reporting the slight progress of German forces in the Buonripose sector, Italy, and requesting 6 US Corps to state the defence plans of 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/27

1944 Feb 25

Typescript by Penney entitled, 'Notes by Commander 1 Infantry Div, 25 Feb1944', setting out objectives of regaining the initiative and relieving pressure on 56 Infantry Div, around Anzio beachhead, Italy. 5pp.


PENNEY: 8/28

1944 Feb

Typescript notes by Penney, with notes on German counterattack after Anzio landings, including opinion that Germans would have been forestalled if Penney had all the brigades of his Division at his disposal. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/29

8 March 1944

Typescript message from US Maj Gen Lucian King Truscott, 6 US Corps, to all Commanders, forwarding congratulatory message from Gen Sir Harold Alexander, Commander in Chief, Allied Central Mediterranean Force, and US Lt Gen Mark Wayne Clark, 5 Army, regarding the defence from the German counter attack. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/30

1944 Mar 4

Typescript message from Lt Col J O Jones, Quartermaster General, 1 Infantry Div, regarding German abuse of Red Cross emblem, by moving unwounded men under the Red Cross flag and rules to be observed by Allied forces, in only giving assistance to surrendered German forces. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/31

1944 Mar 25

Typescript notes by Penney entitled, 'Notes on defence left sector, 1 Div', setting out the defences of 1 Infantry Div, around Carroceto, Italy. 2pp.


PENNEY: 8/32

[1944 April]

Typescript notes by Penney, with details of infantry casualties and reinforcements to 1 Infantry Div in Italian campaign. 1p.


PENNEY: 8/33

[1944] Apr 21

Typescript notes by Penney entitled, 'Notes by Commander 1 Div', including details on good relations with new Commander, 6 US Corps [US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott], improvement in Allied defences, Allied casualties from US mines, and growing problem of desertion. With appendix of casualties of 1 Infantry Div. 3pp.


PENNEY: 8/34

1944 Apr 26

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen John Harding, Chief of the General Staff, Allied Armies in Italy, giving account of planning conference with US Maj Gen Lucien King Truscott, Commander, 6 US Corps on 25 Apr 1944, where four alternative plans for advance to Rome, Italy were given. 2pp.


PENNEY: 9 Maps of area around Anzio, Italy, showing positions of Allied and German forces after the Allied landings, and during the German counter-attack, Jan 1944 - Dec 1946.


PENNEY: 9/1

1943

US Army Map, 'Italy road map', Sheet 19, (Army Map Service, US Army, Washington), showing coastline from Gaeta to Sorrento, Italy. Scale 1:200,000.


PENNEY: 9/2

[1944] Jan 27

Manuscript map, 'Enemy situation, 1 Div front', showing Allied defences around Aprilia, Italy. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/3

1944 Feb 3

Manuscript map, 'Dispositions of 1 Brit Div as at 1800 hrs 3 Feb 1944', showing positions of 1 Infantry Div around Aprilia, Italy. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/4

1944 Feb 3

Manuscript map, 'Enemy Situation, 1 Div Front, as at 2400 hrs 3 Feb 1944', showing positions of German forces during counter-attack after Anzio landings . Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/5

1944 Feb 7

Manuscript map, 'Enemy Situation, 1 Div Front, as at 2400 hrs 7 Feb 1944', showing positions of German forces during counter-attack after Anzio landings. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/6

1944 Feb 16

Manuscript map, 'Enemy Situation, 1 Div Front, as at 0630 hrs 16 Feb 1944', showing positions of German forces during counter-attack after Anzio landings. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/7

[1944] Feb 16

Manuscript map, 'Dispositions of 6 US Corps as at 1800 hrs 16 Feb 1944', showing positions of Allied forces north of Anzio, Italy. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/8

1944 Feb 18

Manuscript map, 'Enemy Situation, 1 Div Front, as at 2400 hrs 18 Feb 1944', showing positions of German forces during counter-attack after Anzio landings. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/9

1944 Feb 22

Manuscript map, 'Enemy Situation, 1 Div Front, as at 2400 hrs 22 Feb 1944' showing positions of German forces during counter-attack after Anzio landings. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/10

1944 Mar 13

Manuscript map, 'Roads and tracks', showing roads maintained by 1 Infantry Div around Anzio, Italy. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/11

1944 May 24

Celluloid overlay on Ordinance survey map, showing poistions of Allied forces around Anzio, Italy, as on 24 May 1944. Scale 1: 50,000.


PENNEY: 9/12

1944 Jun 3

Celluloid overlay on Ordinance survey map, (War Office, GS/GS no 4229), showing dispositions of 1 Infantry Div prior to attack on Ardea Line, Anzio, Italy, at 1200 hrs 3 June 1944. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/13

1946 Sep

Diagram, 'Main cable arteries - 1 Div sector, March 1944'. 1p.


PENNEY: 9/14

1946 May

Field Survey map, 'Map No 1-The Anzio Area and the approaches to Rome'. Scale 1:250,000.


PENNEY: 9/15

1946 May

Field Survey map, 'Map No 2-Landing and Exploitation, 22-28 Jan [1944]', showing beaches used in Anzio landings overprinted in red. Scale 1:100,000.


PENNEY: 9/16

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 3 - The Campoleone Salient, 29 Jan-1 Feb [1944]', showing advance of 1 Infantry Div after the Anzio landings overprinted in red. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/17

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 4 - The reduction of the salient, 2-4 Feb [1944]', showing German counterattack after the Anzio landings, with positions of German 715 Infantry Div, and 1 Infantry Div overprinted. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/18

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 5 - The defence of Carroceto, 7-10 Feb [1944]', showing Allied defence of area north of Anzio, Italy, with positions of German 715 Infantry Div, German 65 Div, German 3 Panzer Grenadier Div and 1 Infantry Div overprinted. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/19

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 6 - Attacks on Corps Defence Line, 17-20 Feb [1944]', showing German attacks on 6 US Corps defences, in area north of Anzio, Italy, with positions of German 715 Infantry Div, German 65 Div, German 3 Panzer Grenadier Div and German 29 Panzer Grenadier Div, and 1 Infantry Div and US 1 Armoured Div overprinted. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/20

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 7 - Defensive positions, Mar - May [1944]', showing Allied defences north of Anzio, Italy, with positions of 1 Infantry Div, 5 Infantry Div, and US 45 Infantry Div overprinted. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/21

1946 Nov

Field Survey map, 'Map No 8 - Advance to Ardea line, 27 May - 3 Jun [1944]', showing Allied advances in area around Aprilia, Italy, with positions of 1 Infantry Div, 5 Infantry Div, US 1 Armoured Div and US 45 Infantry Div overprinted. Scale 1:50,000.


PENNEY: 9/22

1946 Dec

Field Survey map, 'Map No 9 - Pursuit beyond the Tiber, 28 May - 6 Jun [1944]', showing Allied advances from Anzio, Italy to north of Rome, Italy, with positions of 1 Infantry Div overprinted. Scale 1:100,000.


PENNEY: 10 Letters to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, his wife, from Penney, Rev Arthur H Butler, Senior Chaplain to the Forces, Maj Ulick Venney, 8 Army, and Maj Gen Leslie Burtonshaw Nicholls, Allied Force Headquarters, Jan 1944 - Aug 194


PENNEY: 10/1

1944 Jan 2

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/2

1944 Jan 8

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/3

1944 Jan 11

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/4

1944 Jan 17

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/5

1944 Jan 17

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/6

1944 Feb 6

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the stresses of command. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/7

1944 Feb 10

Manuscript letter from Rev Arthur H Butler, Senior Chaplain to the Forces, to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing Penney's health. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/8

1944 Feb 16

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the living conditions at Headquarters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 10/9

1944 Feb 19

Manuscript letter from Maj Ulick Venney, from 8 Army, Headquarters, to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/10

1944 Feb 20

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing his wounding. 8pp.


PENNEY: 10/11

1944 Feb 23

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, wondering if news of Anzio campaign has been reported in UK. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/12

[1944] Feb 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/13

[1944] Feb 29

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the work of Red Cross nurses. 8pp.


PENNEY: 10/14

[1944] Mar 4

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the living conditions at Headquarters. 4pp.


PENNEY: 10/15

[1944] Mar 8

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the censorship of letters and personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/16

[1944] Mar 10

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the difficulties of mail reaching men in field hospitals. 6pp.


PENNEY: 10/17

[1944] Mar 16

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing a cigarette parcel being stolen by troops. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/18

[1944] Mar 21

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing his wounding. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/19

[1944] Mar 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing newspaper coverage of Anzio beachhead, the demoralising influence of the force's paper Union Jack, praising the work of padres and medical officers, and discussing racial segregation in the post-war world. 26pp.


PENNEY: 10/20

[1944] Mar 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/21

[1944] Mar 29

Manuscript letter from Maj Gen Leslie Burtonshaw Nicholls, Allied Force Headquarters, to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, describing Penney's wounding. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/22

[1944] Apr 5

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/23

[1944] Apr 6

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/24

[1944] Apr 8

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the good work of the Auxilliary Territorial Service (ATS) and Navy, Army and Air Force Institute (NAAFI) girls. 4pp.


PENNEY: 10/25

[1944] Apr 10

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing his recuperation. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/26

[1944] Apr 14

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing post-war civilian morale and spirit, the motor crash of King Farouk of Egypt on the Suez canal road. 16pp.


PENNEY: 10/27

[1944] Apr 16

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/28

[1944] Apr 22

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing his recuperation. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/29

[1944] Apr 23

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/30

[1944] May 1

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing his recuperation, and the transfer to 1 Infantry Div of Col Eric Dorman-Smith and Maj John North. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/31

[1944] Jun 19

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing Rome, Italy, and his opinion of the character of Col Eric Dorman-Smith. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/32

[1944] Jun 24

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/33

[1944] Jun 28

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing the visit of the Bishop of Lichfield, how morale in UK can be judged by letters received by troops, and Penney's visit to Rome and audience with Pope Pius XII. 18pp.


PENNEY: 10/34

[1944] July 2

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing his visit to Rome. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/35

[1944] July 9

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, describing his visit to Rome. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/36

[1944] Jul 21

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/37

[1944] Jul 27

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Headquarters 1 Infantry Div, Central Mediterranean Forces, discussing personal matters. 2pp.


PENNEY: 10/38

[1944] Aug 11

Manuscript letter from Penney to Mrs Shirley Mary Penney, from Villa Mas, Casablanca, Morocco, discussing his post-war prospects, the importance of the family in producing a stable society, and the possibility of receiving medical treatment in the UK. 18pp.


PENNEY: 11 Papers relating to the Allied landings at Anzio, including German propaganda leaflets, an Allied newspaper, and material relating to a memorial plaque for 1 Infantry Div, Apr 1944 - Oct 1950.


PENNEY: 11/1-13

1994 Jan - Feb

German propaganda leaflets aimed at British and American soldiers in Italy. 13pp


PENNEY: 11/14

1944 Apr 14

Allied newspaper The Wadi Gazette, 14 April 1944, No 2, produced after Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 4pp.


PENNEY: 11/15

[Feb 1944]

Typescript poem, 'The morning sitrep or the Staff Officer's revenge'. 2pp.


PENNEY: 11/16

1944 Jul 29

Form of service for the unveiling by Penney in All Saints Church, Rome, Italy, of 1 Infantry Div memorial tablet. 2pp.


PENNEY: 11/17

1959 Jan 20

Manuscript letter from Col Patrick Cousens, forwarding photographs of 1 Infantry Div memorial tablet, All Saints Church, Rome, Italy. With photographs and negatives. 2pp.


PENNEY: 11/18

[1944 Jul 30]

Untitled newspaper cutting reporting service for the unveiling by Penney in All Saints Church, Rome, Italy, of 1 Infantry Div memorial tablet. 2pp.


PENNEY: 12 Individual accounts of the phases of operation of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, detailing the role of the regiments of 1 Infantry Div, Apr 1944 - Oct 1950.


PENNEY: 12/1

1944 Apr 2

Typescript report entitled, 'The First Div in action, Anzio Jan to Mar 1944', including descriptions of the planning of the Allied landings, the landings at Anzio, Italy the German counter-attack, and the Allied counter-attack. 25pp.


PENNEY: 12/2

1944 Jul

Typescript report entitled, 'The First Div in action, Anzio Mar to Jun 1944', including descriptions of the Allied stabilisation of their beachhead at Anzio, Italy, and the Allied breakout from the Anzio beachhead, Italy. 13pp.


PENNEY: 12/3

1944 Feb 14

Typescript diary, recording the movements of 6 Bn Gordon Highlanders, 21 Jan 1944-10 Feb 1944, describing the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, and attempts to secure a beachhead. 5pp.


PENNEY: 12/4

1944 Jun 18

Typescript report entitled, 'The First Reconnaissance Regt, the Anzio beachhead, 22 Jan 1944 - 20 Feb 1944', describing the role of 1 Reconnaissance Regt in securing the Anzio beachhead, Italy and repelling the German counter-attack. 16pp.


PENNEY: 12/5

1944 June 16

Typescript narrative, describing the role in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, of 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Regt, 22 Jan 1944-May 1944. 9pp.


PENNEY: 12/6

1944 Feb 14

Typescript report by Brig J G James, Commander, 3 Infantry Bde, 1 Infantry Div, to Penney on involvement in action at Campo Leone, Anzio, Italy, 30 Jan 1944-4 Feb 1944, and assessment of the lessons to be drawn from the action. 11pp


PENNEY: 12/7

1944 Feb 7

Typescript report by Maj D M L Gordon-Watson, 1 Bn Irish Guards, 24 Guards Brigade, 1 Infantry Div, to Penney, on the action of the 1 Bn Irish Guards during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 6pp.


PENNEY: 12/8

[1944 Feb 4]

Typescript report by Lt Mortimer, 8 Platoon, 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Reg, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on the action of 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Reg during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 1p.


PENNEY: 12/9

[1944 Feb 4]

Typescript report by Lt Lowman, 1 Reconaissance Regt, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on the action of 1 Reconaissance Regt during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 1p


PENNEY: 12/10

1944 Feb 6

Typescript report by Maj A T Jones, 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Regt, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on the loss of mortars trucks and trailers of 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Regt during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 2pp.


PENNEY: 12/11

[1944 Feb 4]

Typescript report by Capt E H Potter, 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Regt, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, summarising the Allied defence of the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 2pp.


PENNEY: 12/12

[1944 Feb 4]

Manuscript report by Maj A T Jones, 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Regt, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on experiences of 2/7 Bn The Middlesex Reg, during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 16pp.


PENNEY: 12/13

1944 Feb 5

Typescript diary of Maj William Philip Sidney, 24 Guards Bde, describing the Allied defence of the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 2pp.


PENNEY: 12/14

1944 Feb 7

Typescript report by Lt Col R A H Walker, Commander, 46 Royal Tank Reg, 3 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on the actions of 46 Royal Tank Reg, during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 3pp.


PENNEY: 12/15

1944 Feb 16

Typescript report by 6 Bn Gordon Highlanders, 2 Infantry Bde, to Penney, on the actions of 6 Bn Gordon Highlanders, during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 3-4 February 1944. 3pp.


PENNEY: 12/16

1944 Feb 14

Typescript report by Lt Col, Commander, 2 Bn North Staffordshire Reg, 2 Infantry Bde, on the actions of 2 Bn North Staffordshire Reg, during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 7-8 February 1944. 3pp.


PENNEY: 12/17

1944 Feb 12

Typescript report by Sgt N Pullin, 168 London Infantry Bde, on his personal actions during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 7-8 February 1944. 3pp.


PENNEY: 12/18

1944 Feb 21

Typescript report by Lt Col D S Wedderburn, Commander 1 Bn Scots Guards, 24 Guards Bde, on the actions of 1 Bn Scots Guards and 1 Bn Irish Guards, 24 Guards Bde, during the German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, 7-8 February 1944. 1p.


PENNEY: 12/19

[1944 Feb]

Typescript account by Forward Observation Officer with 2/6 Queen's Royal Reg, 169 Infantry Bde, describing German counter-attack on the 1 Infantry Div sector of the Anzio bridgehead, Italy, February 1944. 1p.


PENNEY: 12/20

1946 May

Manuscript letter from Col H J Davidson with attached copy of Blackwood's Magazine, May 1946, No 1567, Vol 259 (London, W M Dawson & Sons), discussing article in magazine entitled, 'With a casualty clearing station in Anzio', by J A R, Italy. 1 vol.


PENNEY: 12/21/1

1950 Oct 17

Letter from Lt Col Mervyn E O'Gorman, Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering, East Africa Command, Nairobi, to Penney, attaching an account of the recovery in April 1944 of a German radio controlled tank, Leichte Ladungsträger (Sd Kfz 303) (V-Motor), B.IV Goliath, in Anzio, Italy, by 1 Light Recovery Section, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 1 Infantry Div. 1p


PENNEY: 12/21/2

[1950]

Manuscript note by Penney describing the recovery of a German radio controlled tank, Leichte Ladungsträger (Sd Kfz 303) (V-Motor), B.IV Goliath, in April 1944 Anzio, Italy, by 1 Light Recovery Section, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 12/21/3

1951 Feb 6

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Stanley Willaim Joslin, War Office, London, to Penney thanking him for article by Lt Col Mervyn E O'Gorman, describing the recovery of a German radio controlled tank, Leichte Ladungsträger (Sd Kfz 303) (V-Motor), B.IV Goliath in April 1944 Anzio, Italy, by 1 Light Recovery Section, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 1 Infantry Div. 1pp.


PENNEY: 12/21/4

[April 1944]

Typescript report entitled, 'Recovery of a German Radio-Controlled tank in Anzio [Italy] by 1 Light Recovery section, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 1 Infantry Div', by Lt Col Mervyn E O'Gorman. Description of recovery of a German radio controlled armoured tank, Leichte Ladungsträger (Sd Kfz 303) (V-Motor), B.IV Goliath, with attached memoranda from Maj K G Comerford-Green, planning the salvage of the tank, and sketches of the tank's position. 15pp.


PENNEY: 13 Documents describing the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, relating to the operational lessons of 1 Infantry Div, the welfare of 1 Infantry Div, and the treatment of deserters, Feb 1944 - Jul 1944.


PENNEY: 13/1

1944 Feb

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Arthur George Kenchington, Director of Military Training, Allied Forces Headquarters, relating opinions on a range of military areas, including the lack of Allied night operations, the strength of German snipers and the valuable work of 1 Reconaissance Regt. 3pp.


PENNEY: 13/2

[1944 Feb]

Typescript by Penney entitled, 'Notes on questionnaire by 5 Corps', describing 1 Infantry Div's efforts in defending German counter-attack. 4pp.


PENNEY: 13/3

[1944 Feb]

Typescript entitled, 'Questionnaire for visit to 5 Army bridgehead', with questions on defensive tactics during German counter-attack, Allied casualties during German offensive, and relative success of German counter-attack


PENNEY: 13/4

1944 Feb 25

Typescript entitled, '1 Div Tactical Notes No 1', by Lt Col Gerald E Thubron, General Staff, 1 Infantry Div, stressing vigilance during night patrol and the constant maintenance of defence works. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/5

1944 Mar 14

Typescript memorandum from Penney to Commanders of 2 Infantry Bde, 3 Infantry Bde and 18 Infantry Bde, on the problems of low morale and desertion and the importance of training in improving morale. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/6

1944 Mar 14

Typescript letter from Penney to Lt Gen John Harding, Chief of General Staff, Central Mediterranean Forces, on the problems of low morale and desertion being caused by inexperienced officers, delays in postal service, lack of reinforcements and press reports of Anzio campaign, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/7

1944 Mar 14

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Sir Brian Hubert Robertson, Chief Administrative Officer, Allied Forces Headquarters, on the problems of low morale being caused by delays in postal service and press reports of Anzio campaign, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/8

1944 Mar 19

Typescript letter from Lt Gen John Harding, Chief of General Staff, Central Mediterranean Forces, to Penney, on moves to improve press coverage of Anzio campaign, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/9

[1944 Feb]

Typescript notes [by Penney], to Commander, 3 Corps, including remarks on physical fitness, night work operations and patrolling of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/10

1944 Mar 23

Typescript memorandum from Lt Col Gerald E Thubron, General Staff, 1 Infantry Div, to 3 Infantry Bde, 2 Infantry Bde and 10 Infantry Bde, stressing the importance and outlining the correct procedures of patrolling. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/11

1944 Mar 27

Typescript memorandum from Lt Col Gerald E Thubron, General Staff, 1 Infantry Div, to 3 Infantry Bde, 2 Infantry Bde and 10 Infantry Bde, entitled '1 Div Tactical Notes No 2', outlining the use of mortars and light signals. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/12

1944 Apr 3

Typescript memorandum from Penney to all Commanders, 1 Infantry Div, stressing the defensive role of 1 Infantry Div and the need for increased training. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/13

1944 May 1

Typescript memorandum from Penney entitled, '1 Division May-Day Manifesto', detailing points for Officers of 1 Infantry Div to bring up in talks with men, including the defeatist nature of desertion. 3pp.


PENNEY: 13/14

1944 May 2

Typescript memorandum from Penney to 6 US Corps, Headquarters, discussing an increase in absenteeism and desertion, and suggesting an increase in education, a penal camp for convicted deserters to be held in, and no early deomobilisation for deserters at the end of the war as remedies. 3pp.


PENNEY: 13/15

1944 May 8

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Sir Brian Hubert Robertson, Chief Administrative Officer, Allied Forces Headquarters, to Penney giving approval to a penal camp for deserters from 6 US Corps. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/16

1944 Jun 21

Typescript report by Brig Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Commander Royal Artillery, 1 Infantry Div, on artillery lessons to be learned from the beachhead operations, Anzio, Italy. Including details on the allotment and grouping of Field Artillery. 8pp.


PENNEY: 13/17

1944 Jun 28

Typescript memorandum from Lt Col Gerald E Thubron, General Staff, 1 Infantry Div, to 3 Infantry Bde, 2 Infantry Bde and 18 Infantry Bde, discussing tactics of 1 Infantry Div including the importance of maintaining observation posts and the need for constant erection of wire fences and sandbags. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/18

1944 Jul 1

Typescript letter from Brig Arthur George Kenchington, Director of Military Training, Central Mediterranean Forces, to Penney, regarding the non-publication of material written during the Italian campaign, that does not have the approval of the Commander of the formation described. 1p.


PENNEY: 13/19

1944 Jul 15

Typescript letter from Brig Arthur George Kenchington, Director of Military Training, Central Mediterranean Forces, to Penney, forwarding memorandum pointing out errors in report sent from 1 Infantry Div, regarding lessons to be drawn from the Anzio, Italy, landings, to Headquarters, Central Mediterranean Forces. 2pp.


PENNEY: 13/20

1944 Jul 15

Typescript memorandum from Brig Arthur George Kenchington, Director of Military Training, Central Mediterranean Forces, to Maj Gen John Albert Charles Whitaker, Director of Military Training, The War Office, London, pointing out errors in report sent from 1 Infantry Div, regarding lessons to be drawn from the Anzio, Italy, landings. 2pp


PENNEY: 14 Papers on the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy including 1 Infantry Div staff list, 1 Infantry Div casualties, and 1 Infantry Div honours and awards, Mar 1944 - Jul 1944.


PENNEY: 14/1

[Jun 1944]

Typescript summary of 'exhaustion' cases in 1 Infantry Div, 22 Jan 1944 to 6 Jun 1944, giving figures for 24 Guard Bde, 2 Infantry Bde, 3 Infantry Bde, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers and 18 Infantry Bde. 2pp.


PENNEY: 14/2

1944 Jun 24

Typescript entitled, 'Battle casualty statistics of 1 Infantry Div and attached troops, 23 Jan 1944 to 6 Jun 1944', by Assistant Quartermaster's Branch. 9pp.


PENNEY: 14/3

1944 Jun 19

Typescript 1 Infantry Div staff list, with ages of some officers added in manuscript. 5pp.


PENNEY: 14/4

1944 Mar 22

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards' , to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 14/5-6

1944 Mar 27

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 14/7

1944 Apr 6

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 14/8

1944 Apr 23

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 14/9-10

1944 Apr 26

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 14/11

1944 Jun 1

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 14/12

1944 Jul 31

Typescript list by Gen The Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, Commander, Allied Armies in Italy, entitled 'Honours and awards', to recipients in 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 15 Post-war papers relating to the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, Nov 1945 - Aug 1950.


PENNEY: 15/1

1945 Nov 27

Brig Charles E R Hirsch, Deputy Director of Military Intelligence to Penney, forwarding German reactions to Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, and stating that German forces started withdrawal from area in March 1944. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/2

[1945 Nov]

Typescript report by British Military Intelligence entitled, 'German reactions to Anzio landing 22 Jan 1944', giving German dispositions in North Italy before the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, and German troop movements after the Allied landings. 2pp.


PENNEY: 15/3

1947 Dec 30

Typescript letter from Col J Denys P Chapman, British Army Staff, Washington, USA, to Penney, on the writing of the history of the Anzio landings, Italy, by American historians. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/4

1948 Jan 13

Typescript letter from Penney to Col J Denys P Chapman, British Army Staff, Washington, USA, discussing the writing of the history of the Anzio landings, Italy, by American historians, and the emphasis placed on US formations. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/5

1949 Jan 26

Typescript letter from Penney to Wynford Vaughan Thomas, British Broadcasting Corporation, London, asking for reflections and recollections on Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/6

1949 Jan 28

Typescript letter from Mary G Scott, Reports Officer, Technical Services (British Joint Services Mission), Washington, USA, forwarding articles written by Maj Gen Ernest N Harmon, Commander, 1 US Armoured Div, during Anzio landings, Italy, and Milton MacKaye , entitled 'Our Bitter days at Anzio', for The Saturday Evening Post. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/7

1948 Sep 18 - 1948 Oct 9

Article by Maj Gen Ernest N Harmon, Commander, 1 US Armoured Div, and Milton MacKaye entitled 'Our Bitter days at Anzio', for The Saturday Evening Post (USA), describing the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, the German counter-offensive, and the Allied breakout from the Anzio beach-head. 15pp


PENNEY: 15/8

1948 Jan 29

Typescript letter from Col J Denys P Chapman, British Army Staff, Washington, USA, to Penney, forwarding copy of the US Army's history of the Anzio landings, Anzio Beachhead. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/9

1949 Feb 7

Typescript letter from Wynford Vaughan Thomas, British Broadcasting Corporation, London, to Penney, offering his assistance to Penney in the compiling of a draft regimental history of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/10

1949 Mar 1

Typescript letter from Penney to Col G R Desmond Fitzpatrick, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, asking for recollections on the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/11

[1949] Mar 2

Manuscript letter from Col G R Desmond Fitzpatrick, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, to Penney, stating that he would be happy to help Penney in a historical study of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/12

1949 Mar 8

Typescript letter from Col G R Desmond Fitzpatrick, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, to Penney, giving recollections on Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, and disagreeing with comments made by Maj Gen Ernest N Harmon, Commander, 1 US Armoured Div, during Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, in articles in The Saturday Evening Post (USA), 18 Sep 1948 - 9 Oct 1948. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/13

1949 Mar 22

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Terence Sydney Airey, General Officer Commanding, British Element Trieste Force, asking for his recollections on the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/14

1949 Mar 31

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Terence Sydney Airey, General Officer Commanding, British Element Trieste Force, to Penney, offering recollections of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 3pp.


PENNEY: 15/15

1949 Apr 10

Manuscript letter from Col G R Desmond Fitzpatrick, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, to Penney, unable to recall requested information on the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/16

1949 Jun 11

Typescript letter from US Maj Gen L L Lemnitzer, National War College, Washington, USA, to Penney, regarding an interview of Gen the Hon Sir Harold Alexander, Commander, Allied Central Mediterranean Force, by US Army's Historical Division. 1p.


PENNEY: 15/17

1950 Aug

Typescript article by Colonel G R Desmond Fitzpatrick, Anzio and its lessons. Article removed from untitled journal. 459 - 464pp.


PENNEY: 15/18-28

1943 Nov 26 - 1946 Mar 31

Press cuttings on Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, including articles from The Times, The Spectator and The Observer. 11p.


PENNEY: 16 Post-war documents relating to the history of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy


These documents mostly refer to the work of Penney and Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley on an account of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, for a history of 1 Infantry Div by Brig G Douglas Renny, Dec 1950 - Aug 1956


PENNEY: 16/1

[1952]

Typescript notes by Penney, entitled 'Anzio, points to be brought out in any narrative', including notes on the conception of the idea of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, the topography of the land around Anzio, and an outline of 1 Infantry Div's plan of campaign. 3pp.


PENNEY: 16/2

[1952]

Typescript [by Penney], narrating advance of Allied forces through North Africa and into the Mediterranean, 13 May 1943 to 3 Feb 1944, including details on the Allied forces advance through Sicily, Italy, the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 15pp.


PENNEY: 16/3

[1952]

Typescript extracts from Rt Hon Winston Spencer Leonard Churchill, Prime Minister, The Second World War: Volume 5, Closing the Ring (Cassell, London, 1952), Nov 1943-8 Jan 1944, and relating to the planning of the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 5pp.


PENNEY: 16/4

[1950] Dec 9

Manuscript letter from Gen Sir Henry Royds Pownall, London, to Penney, forwarding draft of a chapter by Winston Spencer Leonard Churchill, on the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/5

1950 Dec 17

Typescript letter from Penney to Gen Sir Henry Royds Pownall, London, returning to him a draft chapter by Winston Spencer Leonard Churchill on the Allied landings at Anzio, with comment that the chapter gives the impression of indifferent fighting from the British troops. 2pp.


PENNEY: 16/6

1955 Apr 7

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, asking for asistance in the writing of a history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/7

1955 Apr 15

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, thanking him for his offer of help in the writing of a history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/8

1955 Sep 2

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, asking him to produce an account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio for a history of 1 Infantry Div, and forwarding copies of the contributions to the history of 1 Infantry Div by General Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson and Brigadier Gerald E Thubron. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/9

[1955 Sep]

Typescript narrative by General Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson summarising his time as Commander, 1 Infantry Div, 12 Jun 1940 to May 1941 in UK, and Mar to May 1943 in North Africa. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/10

[1955 Sep]

Typescript notes by Brigadier Gerald E Thubron, giving an account of the involvement of 1 Infantry Div in Tunisia, as part of the North Africa campaign, Nov 1942 to May 1943. 9pp.


PENNEY: 16/11

1955 Sep 21

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, on the latter's projected account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement the Allied landings at Anzio. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/12

1955 Dec 14

Manuscript letter from Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Tilford, Surrey, to Penney, forwarding a letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, 2 Infantry Bde, 1 Infantry Div, on the subject of a history of 1 Infantry Div, and asking Penney what details he should give toward this history. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/13

1955 Dec 15

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, regarding Penney's account of the involvement of 1 Infantry Div in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, including Brig G Douglas Renny's awareness of the controversial matters discussed in Penney's text. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/14

1955 Dec 20

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Tilford, Surrey, thanking him for his letter of 14 Dec 1944, and forwarding a letter to Brig G Douglas Renny, to Pasley, suggesting that Penney and Pasley willl collaborate on an account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement with the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, for Brig G Douglas Renny's history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/15

1955 Dec 20

Typescript letter from Penney to Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, suggesting that Penney and Pasley willl collaborate on an account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement with the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, for Brig G Douglas Renny's history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/16

1955 Dec 23

Manuscript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, detailing his working methods on a history of 1 Infantry Div. 2pp.


PENNEY: 16/17

1956 Jan 12

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, forwarding draft of history of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/18

1956 Feb 5

Typescript letter from Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Tilford, Surrey, to Penney, reflecting on command and strategy of 1 Infantry Div, during the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 3 copies. 5pp.


PENNEY: 16/19

1956 Feb 8

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Tilford, Surrey, forwarding letter to Brig G Douglas Renny, concerning a history of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/20

1956 Feb 8

Typescript letter from Penney to Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, discussing the work of Penney and Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley on a history of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy, and details on the Allied response to the German counter-attack after the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 3pp.


PENNEY: 16/21

1956 Feb 14

Typescript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, thanking Penney for his account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 2 copies. 5pp.


PENNEY: 16/22

1956 Mar 2

Typescript letter from Penney to Maj Gen Joseph Montague Sabine Pasley, Tilford, Surrey, forwarding letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, thanking Penney for his account of 1 Infantry Div's involvement in the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/23

1956 Mar 2

Typescript letter from Penney to Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, discussing the title of a history of 1 Infantry Div by Brig G Douglas Renny, and describing his role in removing Col Eric Dorman-Smith from his command of 3 Infantry Bde, I Infantry Div, during the Anzio offensive, Italy. 2p.


PENNEY: 16/24

[1956] Jul 28

Manuscript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, forwarding manuscript of history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 16/25

[1956] Aug 8

Manuscript letter from Brig G Douglas Renny, Headquarters, 2 Infantry Bde, Bulford, Wiltshire, to Penney, thanking Penney for his help on Brig G Douglas Renny's history of 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 17 Correspondence and reviews relating to Anzio by Wynford Vaughan Thomas (Longmans, London, 1961), Dec 1958 - Sep 1962.


PENNEY: 17/1-11

1958 Dec - 1961 Aug

Manuscript and typescript letters from Wynford Vaughan Thomas to Penney, regarding Anzio byWynford Vaughan Thomas, (Longmans, London, 1961). 11pp.


PENNEY: 17/12

1961 Sep 23

Newspaper cutting from Irish Press, review by Prof G A Hayes-McCoy of Anzio by Wynford Vaughan Thomas (Longmans, London, 1961). 1p.


PENNEY: 17/13-24

1961 Nov - 1962 Sep

Correspondence with Penney concerning Anzio by Wynford Vaughan Thomas (Longmans, London, 1961). 12pp.


PENNEY: 18 Correspondence and cuttings referring to Col Eric Dorman-Smith and the Anzio offensive, Italy, 1961.


PENNEY: 18/1/1-8

[1961]

Manuscript letter from Col W P 'Bunny' Careless, describing the involvement of 3 Infantry Bde in the Allied attack on Aquabona ridge, during the Allied landings at Anzio, Italy and the actions and temperament of Col Eric Dorman-Smith, Commander, 3 Infantry Bde, 1 Infantry Div. 9pp.


PENNEY: 18/2

[1961]

Extract from Corelli Barnett, Desert Generals, (Kimber, London, 1960), p308, relating to the removal of Col Eric Dorman-Smith from his command of 3 Infantry Bde, 1 Infantry Div. 1p.


PENNEY: 18/3

[1961]

Typescript [by Penney] entitled, 'The case of Dorman-Smith and 3 Infantry Bde', describing Col Eric Dorman-Smith's arrival as Commander, 3 Infantry Bde, his relationship with his troops, and how 3 Infantry Bde's lack of confidence in Col Eric Dorman-Smith led to his dismissal. 3pp.

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