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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB 0099 KCLMA Messenger
MESSENGER, Colonel William de Lemos Milles ('Toby') (1913-2005)
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
4 boxes and 1 outsize file


Name of creator(s)

MESSENGER, Colonel William de Lemos Milles ('Toby') (1913-2005)

Administrative / Biographical history

Born, 1913; Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, -1934; 3 Battalion, Royal Tank Corps, 1934; Experimental Wing RAC Gunnery School, 1938-1942; Instructor School of Tank Technology, 1942; Ministry of Supply, 1943; Instructor RMCS Shrivenham, 1946-1948; 7 Royal Tank Regiment as Officer Commanding Specialised Armour Squadron, 1948-1950; Inspectorate of Armoured Fighting Vehicles, 1950-1953; attended Exercise TOTEM nuclear test in Australia as Royal Armoured Corps and Royal Artillery representative, 1953; Army Operational Research Group, West Byfleet, 1953; Commanded Experimental Wing of Defence Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Centre School, Winterbourne Gunner, 1956-1958; retired from the Army, 1958; Health and Safety Branch UK Atomic Energy Authority, 1958-1973; freelance nuclear consultant and technical translator, 1973; Scientific Advisor (Nuclear) to Northhampton County Council Emergency Planning, 1980-1993; died, 2005.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Received from the family, 2008.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers of Colonel William de Lemos Milles ('Toby') Messenger, 1945-1994, relating to atomic tests and British nuclear policy, 1945-1989, including Messenger's report on effects of atomic blast on a Challenger tank, Australia, 1953 (Exercise TOTEM); manuscript draft article by Messenger on observing a nuclear explosion and pamphlets on nuclear weapons, 1945-1982 and papers relating to Messenger's position as Scientific Advisor (Nuclear) to Northhampton County Council (NCC) Emergency Planning, 1980-1993, including an appreciation of Exercise WET FINGER run by the NCC, [1988]; NCC emergency plans for radiation incidents; training manual for scientific advisors; files of notes, articles and other papers on the following topics: improving methods for obtaining bomb burst data, improvised bomb data, chemical and biological warfare, meteorology, victims of disaster, public reaction to nuclear technology, nuclear electromagnetic pulse, nuclear winter, casualty prediction, chemical and biological hazard protection and health, water, food, agriculture and energy after a widespread disaster; and publications including journal Fission Fragments, 1982-1992 and Civil Protection Magazine, 1991-1994.

System of arrangement

Original order.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archives and Information Management.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

This summary guide.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London

Description control

Archivist's Note

Entry compiled by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

Oct 2008

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  • Civil defence x Defence
  • Defence
  • Disasters
  • Emergency planning
  • Energy resources
  • Manmade disasters
  • Military engineering
  • Military equipment
  • Nonrenewable energy sources
  • Nuclear energy
  • Nuclear explosions
  • Nuclear warfare
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Nuclear weapons testing
  • Scientific methods
  • State security
  • Testing
  • Warfare
  • Weapons
  • Weapons testing

Personal names

  • MESSENGER, Colonel William de Lemos Milles ('Toby') (1913-2005)

Corporate names

  • Northampton County Council


  • Australia
  • England
  • Europe
  • Northampton
  • Northamptonshire
  • Oceania
  • UK
  • Western Europe
  • World

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