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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Maurice F B
MAURICE, Maj Gen Sir Frederick (Barton) (1871-1951)
[1806]-1812, 1888-1971
Level of description
Collection (Fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
6.5 boxes (0.065 cubic metres)


Name of creator(s)

Spears, Lady, Nancy, d. 1975, daughter of Frederick Barton Maurice, Maurice, Sir, Frederick Barton, 1871-1951, Major General

Administrative / Biographical history

Born in 1871; gazetted to Derbyshire Regt (later the Sherwood Foresters), 1892; served in Tirah Expeditions, India, 1897-1898; Capt, 1899; Special Service Officer, South Africa, 1899-1900; entered Staff College, 1902; General Staff Officer Grade 2, War Office, 1902; General Staff Officer Grade 2, 1908; Maj, 1911; Instructor, Staff College, 1913; Lt Col 1913; General Staff Officer Grade 2, later Grade 1, 3 Div, France, 1914-1915; Director of Military Operations, Imperial General Staff, 1915-1918; Maj Gen, 1916; wrote letter to the press accusing David Lloyd George's government of making misleading statements about the strength of British Army on the Western Front, May 1918; retired from Army and became military correspondent for The Daily Chronicle, May 1918; helped to found British Legion, 1920; Principal, Working Men's College, London, 1922-1933; Professor of Military Studies, London University, 1927; President of the British Legion, 1932-1947; Principal of Queen Mary College, University of London, 1933-1944; died in 1951.

The Russo-Turkish War1877-1878 (Special Campaign Series, 1905); Sir Frederick Maurice: a record of his work and opinions (Edward Arnold, London, 1913); Forty days in 1914 (Constable and Co, London, 1919); The last four months (Cassell and Co, London, 1919); The life of Lord Wolseley (with Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur) (William Heinemann, London, 1924); Robert E Lee, the soldier (Constable and Co, London, 1925); Governments and war (William Heinemann, London, 1926); An aide-de-camp of Lee (Little, Brown and Co, London, 1927); The life of General Lord Rawlinson of Trent (Cassell and Co, London, 1928); British strategy (Constable and Co, London, 1929); The 16th Foot (Constable and Co, London, 1931); The history of the Scots Guards (Chatto and Windus, London, 1934); Haldane (Faber and Faber, London, 1937, 1939); The armistices of 1918 (Oxford University Press, London, 1943); The adventures of Edward Wogan (G Routledge and Sons, London, 1945). Also contributed to John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, Baron Acton's Cambridge modern history planned by (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1902-1911).

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Presented to the Centre by the family in 1972 and 1973.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers of Major General Sir Frederick Barton Maurice, relating to his letter to the press concerning the government's statements about the strength of the British Army, May 1918, dated 1917-1971, principally comprising Maurice's diary, Jan-May 1918; printed and typescript texts by Maurice, 1918-1919, 1922, notably including 'The story of the crisis of May 1918', dated 1918; correspondence with family and colleagues, 1918-1922, 1925, 1934, 1936; newspaper cuttings, 1918, 1936, 1939; copies of Parliamentary and War Cabinet papers, 1918; correspondence relating to The Maurice Case (Leo Cooper, London, 1972) by Nancy Maurice (Nancy Spears, wife of Maj Gen Sir Edward (Louis) Spears, 1st Bt), 1967-1971. Papers collected by Maurice during the writing of The life of General Lord Rawlinson of Trent (Cassell and Co, London, 1928) and Haldane (Faber and Faber, London, 1937, 1939), comprising letters received by Rt Hon Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, 1894, 1898, 1902, 1915-1916, 1919, 1928; letters received by Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson of Trent, 1888, 1914-1916, 1918, 1921, notably including letters from Maj Gen Henry Hughes Wilson and Gen Sir Alexander John Godley concerning the Battle of the Aisne, Sep 1914 and operations at Gallipoli, 1915.

Other papers relating to his life and career, 1888-1951, dated 1888-1971, principally comprising letters to his wife describing his service in South Africa, 1899-1900, and as General Staff Officer, 3 Div, France, 1914-1915, and Director of Military Operations, Imperial General Staff, 1915; correspondence, 1915-1919, relating to his service as Director of Military Operations, 1915-1918, notably including letters from Maj Gen Archibald Armar Montgomery-Massingberd, Maj Gen John Humphrey Davidson, Lt Gen Sir George (Norton) Cory, Lt Gen Sir William Raine Marshall, Maj Gen Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell concerning operations on the Western Front, 1916-1917, and in the Balkans, 1916-1917, Mesopotamia, 1917-1918, and Palestine, 1917; correspondence with Gen Sir Charles Harington Harington, [1923], 1925, 1932, 1934; printed and typescript articles, lectures and other writings, 1913-1943, notably including text of 'On the uses of the study of war', his inaugural lecture as Professor of Military Studies, London University, 1927, text of Maurice's Lee Knowles lecture 'Public opinion in war', and articles on arms limitation, 1921, 1926, the Graeco-Turkish War, 1922, the Corfu Incident, [1923], and the possibility of war between the USA and Japan, 1925; newspaper cuttings, 1912-1919, 1924-1927, 1938, 1945, 1951, principally comprising reviews of his books. Family papers, [1806-1812], principally comprising papers relating to Maurice's grandfather, Frederick Denison Maurice, [1833-1869], 1927; papers relating to his wife's family, [1806-1812], 1874-1879, 1896, 1909-[1915], 1921, notably including personal letters written by her great-grandfather, Spencer Perceval, [1806-1812], and an account of a day during the Paris Commune, written in [1871] by [Norman Spencer].

System of arrangement

The papers form sections 1, 3 and 4 of the Maurice family collection. Section 2 of the collection consists of the papers of Maurice's father, Maj Gen Sir (John) Frederick Maurice.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services

Language/scripts of material

Mainly English, some French

Finding aids

Detailed catalogue available in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Existence and location of copies

Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge (GB 0014) holds a copy of 'The story of the crisis of May 1918', along with a small collection of related papers.

Related units of description

The archives of King's College London include papers relating to Frederick Denison Maurice (grandfather of Frederick Barton Maurice)

Publication note

Some of the material relating to the events of May 1918 has been published in The Maurice Case (Leo Cooper, London, 1972) by Nancy Maurice (Nancy Spears, wife of Maj Gen Sir Edward (Louis) Spears,

Description control

Archivist's Note

Compiled Mar 1997

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions



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  • Battle of the Aisne (1914)
  • Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)
  • International conflicts
  • Second Boer War, 1899-1902
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Godley, Sir, Alexander John, 1867-1957, Knight, General
  • Haldane, Richard Burdon, 1856-1928, 1st Viscount Haldane of Cloan, politician, lawyer and philosopher
  • Harington, Sir, Charles Harington, 1872-1940, Knight, General
  • Marshall, Sir, William Raine, 1865-1939, Knight, Lieutenant General
  • Massingberd, Sir, Archibald Armar, Montgomery-, 1871-1947, Knight, Field Marshal
  • Maurice, John Frederick Denison, 1805-1872, theologian and Christian Socialist
  • Maurice, Sir, Frederick Barton, 1871-1951, Knight, Major General and author
  • Perceval, Spencer, 1795-1859, politician
  • Rawlinson, Henry Seymour, 1864-1925, 1st Baron Rawlinson of Trent, General
  • Spears, Lady, Nancy, d. 1975, daughter of Frederick Barton Maurice
  • Spears, Lady, Nancy, d. 1975, daughter of Frederick Barton Maurice
  • Spencer, Norman, fl 1871, author
  • Wilson, Sir, Henry Hughes, 1864-1922, Knight, Field Marshal and politician

Corporate names

  • British Army


  • Belgium
  • Corfu, Greece
  • Iraq, Middle East
  • Japan, East Asia
  • Mesopotamia, Middle East
  • Palestine, Middle East
  • Paris, France
  • Turkey, Middle East
  • USA, North America

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