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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Marshall
MARSHALL, Lt Gen Sir William Raine (1865-1939)
Created 1915-1919
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1 file


Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1865; educated Repton and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; Lt in Sherwood Foresters(Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regt), 1886; Capt, 1893; served North West Frontier, India, with Malakand Frontier Force (attached to The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)) and Tirah Expeditionary Force (with Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regt)), 1897-1898; Brevet Maj, 1900; served Second Boer War, South Africa, with mounted infantry and in command of amobile column, 1900-1902; Brevet Lt Col, 1902; Brevet Lt Col, 1904; Assistant Commandant, School of Instruction for Mounted Infantry, Longmoor, Hampshire, 1911; Lt Col, 1912; served World War One, 1914-1918; Commander 1 Bn Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regt), France, 1914-1915; temporary Brig, 1915; Commander 87 Infantry Bde, 29 Div, Gallipoli, 1915-1916; successively commanded 42, 29 and 53 Divs, Gallipoli, where he was present at original landing and final evacuation, 1915-1916; Maj Gen, 1915; Commander 27 Div in Salonika, Greece, 1916; temporary Lt Gen, 1916-1918; Commander 3 Indian Army Corps, Mesopotamia, 1916-1917;General Officer Commanding in Chief, Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force, 1917-1919; Lt Gen, 1919; General Officer Commanding in Chief, Southern Command, India, 1919-1923; retired pay, 1924; Col of Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regt), 1930-1935;died 1939.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Memories of Four Fronts, (Ernest Benn, London, 1929).

Presented to the Centre by the family in 1966.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Letters from Marshall to his brother, John Eden Marshall (1864-1937), the Hon Mr Justice Marshall, Judge in Egyptian Court of Appeal, written throughout World War One, including chatty, if brief, descriptions of his service in Gallipoli, Salonika and Mesopotamia, where he became Commander in Chief of the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force in Nov 1917, 1915-1919. The great bulk of the letters are therefore written from Mesopotamia, 1916-1919, and include Marshall's descriptions of the second Battle of Kut el Amara, Dec 1916; the advance to and the fall of Baghdad, Mar 1917, with impressions of the city; the Battle of Band-i-Adhaim, 30 Apr 1917; the building of railways and improvement of communications along the British front line; commentary on the progress of the war on the Western, Eastern and Southern fronts; commentary on the progress of the British forces under Gen Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby on the Palestine front, 1917-1919; the clearance of Jebel Hamrin and the River Diyala, Mesopotamia, Oct 1917; the 'Dunsterforce' operation in Persia, 1918; the advance up the Euphrates and the taking of Hit and Khan Baghdadi, Mar-May 1918; the final offensive on the Tigris, Oct-Nov 1918, culminating in the signing of an armistice with the Turks on 30 Oct, 1918.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

This detailed Catalogue, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives
Related units of description

There is some correspondence with Marshall in the papers of Maj Gen Frederick Barton Maurice (Ref:GB99 KCLMA Maurice FB). Marshall's insignia and medals are housed in the Sherwood Foresters Museum, The Castle, Nottingham.

Publication note

Marshall's insignia and medals are housed in the Sherwood Foresters Museum, The Castle, Nottingham.



Compiled Jun 1998

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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  • Desert warfare
  • International conflicts
  • Military engineering
  • War
  • Warfare
  • Wars (events)
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, 1861-1936, 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe, Field Marshal
  • Marshall, John Eden, 1864-1937, judge
  • Marshall, Sir, William Raine, 1865-1939, Knight, Lieutenant General


  • Asia
  • Baghdad, Iraq, Middle East
  • Diyala, river, Middle East
  • Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey, Middle East
  • Gallipoli, Turkey, Middle East
  • Iran, Islamic Republic, Middle East
  • Kut el Amara, Iraq, Middle East
  • Mesopotamia, Middle East
  • Persia
  • Salonika, Greece
  • Tigris, river, Middle East

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