King's College London
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LIDDELL HART, Capt Sir Basil Henry (1895-1970)

Papers on the inter-war years, 1919-1939

References on this page: LIDDELL HART: 15/3/400-447


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/400-429 Papers dated 1921-1959 on national domestic,foreign and defence policies, 1920-1939, including Balkans, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Holland, Middle East, Poland, Scandinavia, South America, Switzerlan


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/400

1921-1939

Papers relating to defence policy of the USSR, mainly Rusia Europeana (Geographic Service, 1918) scale 1:5000000, annotated with locations of Red Army divisions [1920s]; typescript notes on mechanisation of the Red Army and Soviet views on West European defences, 1930-1931; leaflet on Red Army manoeuvres near Minsk, Belorussia, Sep 1936; Anglo-Russian Parliamentary Committee press release, 26 Jan 1939, and journal Russia Today (Russia Today Society, London, Feb 1939) on military strength of the USSR. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/401

1923-1939

Newspaper cuttings and a journal article relating to national independence movements, domestic and foreign policies in the Middle East, particularly Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Arabia and Iran. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/402

1924-1935

Papers relating to defence policy of the USA, mainly comprising typescript accounts of US naval manoeuvres in Hawaiian waters, Pacific Ocean, by unknown author [1927-1935]; draft typescript and copies of Congressional bills, 1930, on creation, organisation, composition and role of the National Guard; typescript 'The infantry division: a system for determining its organisation' by Lt Col J M Scammell [1933]; Report of the Chief of Staff US Army, 1935, by Gen Douglas MacArthur (United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1935). 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/403

1924-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to defence policy of the USSR, particularly large-scale expansion, modernisation and training of the Red Army, Navy and Air Force; development of strategic communications notably military railways in Siberia; reinforcement of Soviet border with Japanese controlled state of Manchukuo, China, from 1932; changes in Red Army and Navy high commands, 1937-1938, including executions of Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky and Admiral Orlov and new Army command under War Minister Marshal Kliment Efremovich Voroshilov. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/404

1925-1926

Papers relating to French defence policy, mainly comprising two typescript reports, one by Gen [John] Duncan, on the 'Cycle d'information des officiers Generaux et Colonels', a course of intensive instruction on military tactics, attended by high-ranking officers from France, Britain, Romania, Greece, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Serbia, Estonia and Norway, held in Versailles, Nov-Dec 1925 and 1926. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/405

1925-[1935]

Papers relating to domestic and defence policies in the Balkan states, mainly comprising account of incursion by Greek troops into Bulgarian territory at border post of Demir Kapu, Belassitza Mountain, [1924-1925], by Bulgarian correspondent (signature illegible) and typescript account 'Some notes on Danube frontier conditions' by Bernard Newman of London, based on his journey through Yugoslavia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania, [1925-1935]. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/406

1925-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to French defence policy, particularly re-organisation, expansion, modernisation, training and finance of land, air and naval forces; frontier fortifications notably the Maginot Line on Franco-German border; strategic defence plans in event of war; views on threat to European collective security by German rearmament and expansionist foreign policy. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/407

1926-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to domestic and foreign policy of the USSR, particularly restriction of civil liberties under Generalissimo Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin; industrial and agricultural expansion including Five Year Plans; summary executions following assassination of Politburo member Sergei Kirov, Dec 1934; the 'great terror', 1936-1938, Stalin's large-scale elimination of alleged opponents in Communist Party, secret police organisation OGPU and Red Army, notably Grigori Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev and Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky; tension over Japanese invasion of Manchuria, China, 1931; non-aggression pact negotiations with Britain and France, Apr-Aug 1939; resignation of Russian Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov(ne Meer Wallach), May 1939, and declaration of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 21 Aug 1939. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/408

1926-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to foreign and domestic policies in Hungary and the Balkan states of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania Yugoslavia and Greece, including border disputes, racial rivalries, diplomatic and military alliances and relations with Germany and Italy. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/409

1926-1939

Newspaper cuttings and a journal article relating to political, economic and social conditions in the French protectorate in Morocco, particularly independence movements and hostile relations between Spanish and French Morocco. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/410

1927-1959

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to defence policy of the USA mainly in the 1930s, particularly expansion, modernisation and finance of the army and navy, including development of air services and training manoeuvres in the Pacific Ocean; revision of national defence plans in view of European political instability in 1938. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/411

1928-1932

Papers, mainly in Swedish and Danish, comprising Swedish military journal Ny Militär Tidskrift, Jan and Feb 1932; booklet Radiomaterial (Rekvireras Från, Lantförsvarets Kommandoexpeditions Bokförlag, Stockholm 2, 1929), on military radio equipment; booklet Fremmedrødder, Almindelig Anvendt I Dansk by Aage Westenholz, (C A Reitzels Forlag, København, Denmark, 1928), a dictionary of [Latin and Greek terms which form first or last elements in commonly used Danish words]; article, 'Production and inflation (expansion?)' by Aage Westenholz, originally published in the Financial Times, 22 Jan 1932, on ways to solve the current world economic problems. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/412

[1928]

The Polish-Soviet Campaign of 1920 by Gen Marian Kukiel (Oliver and Boyd Ltd, Edinburgh and London, on behalf of the Scottish-Polish Society, probably 1928), on Polish defeat of the Red Army advancing on Warsaw. 1 booklet


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/413

1929-1939

Papers relating to Belgian defence policy, mainly comprising newspaper cuttings and journal articles on Belgian-German border fortifications; copy of confidential memorandum by the French General Staff, Oct 1936, on implications of Belgian declaration of neutrality for French and British defences, collective security and German foreign policy; printed map showing strategic bridges along the Albert Canal between Antwerp, Hasselt, Maastricht and Liége, scale 1:160000, dated 1934. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/414

1929-1939

Papers relating to economic and foreign policy of USA, mainly comprising article 'The Philippines, Japan, the United States and the North Pacific Ocean, a memorandum' by Maj Gen William C Rivers (privately printed, 1936) and newspaper cuttings and journal articles on neutrality and isolationism; progress of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal programme for economic recovery; hostility towards German territorial expansion in Europe; political support for food and arms aid to Britain and France in 1939. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/415

1930-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to Swiss defence policy, particularly organisation, finance, recruitment, training and equipment of the National Militia; development of the air services; position of neutrality; reaction to expansionist German foreign policy, by rearmament in 1936 and reinforcement of frontiers, notably along the Rhine River and border with German occupied Austria, in 1938. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/416

1932-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to French foreign and colonial policy, particularly regarding regimes in Cameroon and French West Africa; Franco-Soviet Pact of Mutual Assistance, May 1935; foreign intervention in the Spanish Civil War; Italian imperialism in north Africa and the Mediterranean Sea, 1936-1939; German annexation of the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, Sep 1938. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/417

1933-1939

Newspaper cuttings relating to foreign and defence policies of Scandinavian kingdoms Sweden, Denmark and Norway, including relations with each other and attitude towards Nazi Germany, the League of Nations and neutrality. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/418

[1933-1945]

Postcards of Wehrmacht officers in training at an unnamed riding school in Germany, published by permission of the OKW (Heinz Schröter, Fotografie u. Manuskript des Bildwerkes "Deutsches Wehrmacht"). 3 postcards


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/419

1934-1939

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to foreign and domestic policy, economy and warfare in central and south America, particularly Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/420

1935

Two French articles, with translations, on the threat to French national security caused by German economic and industrial expansion and large-scale rearmament, by 'XXX', thought to be a high-ranking general in the French Army, La Revue Hebdomadaire No 16 and 17, 20 and 27 Apr 1935. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/421

1935-1936

Publications relating to the USSR, comprising Moscow News the weekly edition of Moscow Daily News, 7 Mar 1935 and 5 Feb 1936, published in Soviet Union, and journal Russia To-Day No 70 (Friends of the Soviet Union, London, Nov 1935). 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/422

1935-1939

Papers relating to French defence policy, mainly typescript notes and statistics on French scheme for training reserve officers of 'Etat Major', strength of the French air force and career of Gen Maurice Gamelin during the World War One; Nouveaux Cahiers No 23, 15 Apr 1938, journal of the Librairie Gallimard, Paris, including article by Henri Bouché, on political, diplomatic and technical problems of French national defence. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/423

[1935]-1938

Papers relating to Czechoslovakian defence policy, mainly comprising newspaper cuttings; proofs and typescripts of articles on Czech military strength; memorandum on the cost of Czechoslovakia's fortifications and mobilisation, issued by Central European News Agency, Prague, Nov 1938; Czechoslovakian map of Brünn, Vienna, Zagreb, Budapest, Szeged and Debrecen, central east Europe, highlighting Czech-Hungarian border, scale 1:750000 (1938). 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/424

1936

The Strategic Importance of Czechoslovakia for Western Europe by Col Emanuel Moravec, professor of the Military College, Prague, Czechoslovak Sources and Documents No 13 ("Orbis" Printing and Publishing Co, Prague, 1936). 1 booklet


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/425

1936-1939

Newspaper cuttings relating to Polish foreign and defence policy, particularly resistance to German claims for incorporation of the Free City of Danzig and the Polish corridor into the Reich; relations with Britain and France including guarantees of Polish independence; industrial strength and scale of defence resources. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/426

1936-[1939]

Papers relating to Swiss defence policy, mainly comprising typescript summary of intelligence reports on German and Italian policy towards Switzerland, by unnamed former German engineer officer [1938-1939]; typescript accounts by unknown authors, on history, organisation and composition of the Swiss army, [1936]; maps of Switzerland, scale 1:5000000, Switzerland and Europe, scale 1:6000000, and major Swiss towns notably Geneva and Zurich (Eidg. Landestopographie, Bern, 1936/1937); map entitled Aarau showing Swiss-German frontier on Rhine River and Basel, Aarau, Langenthal, Reinach and Bremgarten, Switzerland, scale 1:100000 (Eidg. Landestopographie, Bern, 1936). 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/427

[1936]

Publications, in French and German, relating to Swiss defence policy, comprising article reprinted from Le Soldat suisse, 'Le groupe et la section de fusiliers au combat' by Col Léderrey (Association suisse de Sous-officiers, Zurich, 1936); leaflet Besucht das aargauische Rheintal [1936]; booklet Die militärpolitische Lage der Schweiz by Oberstdivisionär Eugen Bircher (Verlag H R Sauerländer & Co, Aarau, probably 1930s). 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/428

1937-1939

Newspaper cuttings relating to Dutch national defence, particularly concern over the Sino-Japanese war in the Far East and security of the Dutch East Indies; relations with Germany; mobilisation preparations. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/429

1937-1939

Newspaper cuttings relating to Portuguese foreign, colonial and defence policy, particularly army reforms of premier Dr Antonio de Oliveira Salazar; severance of diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia in Aug 1937 over Czech refusal to permit export of Zbrojovka machine-guns; relations with Britain and Spain including official non-intervention policy in Spanish Civil War; colonial regimes in Mozambique, Principe, São Thomé and Angola, Africa. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/430-447 Papers dated 1927-1972 on European relations and origins of World War Two, 1934-1939, including post-war analysis


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/430

1934-1937

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles on European relations, particularly British views on Benito Mussolini's policy in the Mediterranean and Ethiopia; failure of League of Nations economic sanctions against Italy, 1935-1936; deterioration of Franco-German relations over German rearmament, the Franco-Soviet mutual assistance treaty, 1935, and German remilitarisation of the Rhineland, Mar 1936; conference in London, 1936, between Britain, France, Italy and Belgium on implications of Adolf Hitler's repudiation of Treaty of Versailles, 1919, and Locarno Pact guaranteeing the Franco-German frontier, 1925. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/431

1937-1938

Newspaper cuttings relating to the Rome-Berlin Axis alliance and German-Italian relations, including Mussolini's state visit to Berlin, Sep 1937 and Italian adherence in Nov 1937 to the German-Japanese Anti-Comintern Pact of 1936. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/432

1938 Jul-1939 Aug

Newspaper cuttings relating to European diplomacy and German policy in Czechoslovakia, particularly negotiations on the Sudetenland between Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden and Godesberg, Sep 1938; Munich conference between Germany, Britain, France and Italy to arrange peaceful German occupation of Sudetenland, Sep 1938; abatement of Anglo-French appeasement policy following German annexation of rest of Czechoslovakia, Mar 1939; economic resources gained by Germany; Nazi political repression in the Czech Protectorate. 2 files


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/433

1938 Oct-1939 Feb

Newspaper cuttings relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly British and French relations with Italy over Mediterranean interests, withdrawal of Italian troops from civil war in Spain and Italian claims to French colonial territories in Tunisia and Jibuti (Djibouti); views on Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler; acceleration of British rearmament. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/434

1938 Nov

The Bulletin of International News Vol 15 No 23, 19 Nov 1938 (Royal Institute of International Affairs), including articles relating to the Munich agreement on cession of the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, to Germany, Sep 1938. 1 vol


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/435

1938 Dec

Newspaper cuttings relating to the resignation of Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, 20 Dec 1938, over divergence of views with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on policy of appeasement towards Italy. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/436

1938-1939

Papers, mainly newspaper cuttings and two memoranda issued by the Parliamentary Committee for Spain, relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly unification of Germany and Austria, Mar 1938, Adolf Hitler's aim to annex the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia; British dual policy of rearmament and appeasement; British views on Italian breeches of the Anglo-Italian agreement, Nov 1938, failure to withdraw all troops from civil war in Spain and invasion of Albania in Apr 1939. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/437

1938-1941

International Conciliation Nos 343-344 and 371, Oct-Nov 1938 and May 1941 (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York), including texts of Czech, German, British, French and Italian official records relating to political crisis in Czechoslovakia, 24 Apr-13 Oct 1938, and articles on economic causes of World War Two and consequences of a German victory. 3 vols


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/438

1939 Mar

Newspaper cuttings relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly French rejection of Italian claims on French colonial territories in Tunisia, Jibuti (Djibouti) and Suez Canal; failure of appeasement following German annexation of Czechoslovakia; German occupation of Memel on Baltic Sea coast; German troop movements on Polish frontier and Polish mobilisation; negotiations between Britain, France and USSR for a collective defence agreement against German expansion in eastern Europe; British guarantee to defend Poland against German aggression. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/439

1939 Apr

Newspaper cuttings relating to the Italian invasion and occupation of Albania, Apr 1938, including tension in Yugoslavia and Turkey; British policy of appeasement and declarations to guarantee independence and integrity of Greece and Romania; Adolf Hitler's support for Benito Mussolini. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/440

1939 Apr

Newspaper cuttings relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly the Polish and British mutual guarantees of independence and assistance against German aggression; Hitler's indictment of alleged British encirclement policy against Germany; anti-British propaganda in Germany; Anglo-French guarantees to support Romania and Greece against German aggression. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/441

1939 May-Jul

Newspaper cuttings relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly British support for Polish resistance against German territorial claims over the Free City of Danzig and the Polish Corridor; British dismissal of German claims of encirclement; British plans to set up a Ministry of Information to counter fascist foreign propaganda; escalation of German military activities in Danzig. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/442

1939 Aug

Newspaper cuttings relating to the political situation in Europe, particularly rising tension over German territorial demands for Danzig and the Polish Corridor; German military preparations and propaganda against Poland and Britain; British military preparations and civil defence measures. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/443

1939-1972

Publications relating to origins of World War Two, comprising The Outbreak of War, 22 Aug-3 Sep 1939 (Ministry of Information, London, 1939); Final Report by the Right Honorable Sir Nevile Henderson on the Circumstances Leading to the Termination of his Mission to Berlin, September 20, 1939 (HMSO, London, 1939); Historical Association pamphlet No 116 The Origins of the Second Great War by William Norton Medlicott (G Bell and Sons Ltd, London, 1940); The Origin of World War II and the Prewar European Political Crisis of 1939 by A D Nikonov, Reports of the Soviet delegation at the tenth International Congress of Historical Science in Rome (Moscow, 1955); Select Bibliography of Revisionist Books Dealing with the Two World Wars and their Aftermath (Oxnard Press-Courier, Oxnard, California, 1957); 'Appeasement revisited' by Prof David Neville Dilks, reprinted from The University of Leeds Review Vol 15 No 1, May 1972. 6 booklets


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/444

1942-1970

Newspaper cuttings and journal articles, mainly reviews and extracts of diaries, biographies, histories and official records published by Britain, Germany, France and Italy, relating to origins of World War Two, particularly diplomacy and appeasement policy; Russian negotiations with Britain and France in 1939; Munich conference on cession of the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, to Germany, Sep 1938; German-Italian relations; Nazi-Soviet Pact, Aug 1939; Anglo-Polish Treaty of Mutual Assistance, Aug 1939. 2 files


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/445

1948, 1959

Soviet News 12-13 Apr, 1-2 Jun 1948, and 8 Apr 1959, (published by press department of Soviet embassy, London), including reviews of New Documents on the Prelude to World War II (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, 1948) a compilation of German Foreign Ministry records captured by the Soviets in 1945, documenting relations between Germany, Britain, France and USA from 1937 to 1939. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/446

1958

Typescripts, 'The greatest gamble in history: the British decision to go to war with Hitler in 1939' and 'The coming of the Second World War' by historian Dr David L Hoggan of California, USA, with particular reference to the diplomatic background of World War Two and reasons for British abandonment of appeasement policy from Jan 1939. 1 file


LIDDELL HART: 15/3/447

1965

Military studies course units 4 and 5, 1965-1966, issued by the Air Force College [Cranfield], on the failure of collective security, 1919-1939, and conduct of the Second World War, including reading lists and assignments. 1 file

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