King's College London
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LIDDELL HART, Capt Sir Basil Henry (1895-1970)

Papers on the inter-war years, 1919-1939

References on this page: LIDDELL HART: 15/3/183-223

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/183-192 Papers dated 1933-1968 on the British fascist movement, 1932-1949

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/183


10 Points of Fascism by Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley (British Union of Fascists, London, 1933) including membership enrolment form. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/184


'Fascism in Relation to British History and Character' by William Allen, reprinted from The Quarterly Review, Oct 1933 (British Union of Fascists Publications Ltd, London 1933), including examination of British history from the 16th century, review of fascist philosophy and regimes in Italy and Germany and the role of Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/185


'Who Backs Mosley? Fascist Promise and Fascist Performance (Labour Research Department, London, 1934), including political biography of Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, notably support for Labour Party, up to 1931 and formation of British Union of Fascists in 1932; doctrine, leadership and supporters of the movement; attitude of the authorities to fascist agitation. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/186


Newspaper cuttings relating to Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley and the fascist movement in Britain during the 1930s, particularly marches and public meetings organised by the British Union of Fascists; clashes between fascists and communists, notably during fascist march through Jewish districts in east London, Oct 1936. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/187

1936 May 30

Blackshirt, the patriotic worker's paper, 30 May 1936 including lead article 'What shall we do with the lion of Judah? Britain's press pet exposed' criticising the former regime and arrival in Britain of exiled Emperor Haile Selassi, following Italian invasion and annexation of Ethiopia, 1935-1936. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/188


What the British Union has to offer Britain by Maj Gen John Frederick Charles Fuller, issued by the journal Action (Abbey Supplies Ltd, London, 1937), including a definition of fascism, the role of Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley and the British Union of Fascists and proposals for reorganisation of the economic and political system. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/189


The British Union Quarterly Vol 3 No 4, Oct-Dec 1939, including 'Democracy and fascism' by Hugh Ross Williamson, 'The strategic position in Europe' by Arthur Pillans Laurie, 'War aims' by A Student of History, 'The defence of western civilisation' by Arthur Reade, extracts from the autobiography of Henry Williamson The Children of Shallowford (Faber and Faber, London, 1939). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/190


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley and the British fascist movement in the 1940s, particularly detention in 1940 under the Emergency Powers Defence Regulation 18B; hostile political and public reaction to the decision by Home Secretary Rt Hon Herbert Stanley Morrison to release Mosley from detention in Nov 1943; Mosley's return to politics and unsuccessful attempt to revive British fascism in 1949. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/191

1949 Jun 18

Union, the paper of the peoples incorporating Action, 18 Jun 1949 including article by Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, leader of the Union Movement, 'The coming crisis, what will "they" do?' criticising the political and economic situation in Britain and the conventional policies and solutions adopted by the Labour and Conservative parties. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/192


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to My Life, the autobiography of Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley (Nelson, London, 1968) particularly controversy over Mosley's interpretation of British fascism in the 1930s, denial that the British Union of Fascists was anti-Semitic and insistence that violence at public meetings was used in self defence. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/193-202 Papers dated 1934-1972 on the British Royal family, including the abdication of Edward VIII, 1934-1939

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/193

1934 Nov

The Daily Telegraph, 30 Nov 1934 supplement on the marriage of Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, HRH The Duke of Kent and HRH Princess Marina of Greece at Westminster Abbey, 29 Nov 1934. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/194

1935 May

The Daily Telegraph, 20 May 1935 supplement containing speeches made on the 25th anniversary of the reign of George Frederick Ernest Albert, King George V, including speeches by the King, the Archbishop of Canterbury Most Rev and Rt Hon Cosmo Gordon Lang, the Prime Minister Rt Hon James Ramsay MacDonald, the Lord Chancellor, John Sankey, 1st Viscount Sankey of Moreton and overseas heads of state. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/195

1935 Dec

The Daily Telegraph, 31 Dec 1935 pictorial supplement on the official engagements of the royal family during the year of the 25th anniversary of the reign of George Frederick Ernest Albert, King George V. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/196

1936 Jan

Newspapers on the death of George Frederick Ernest Albert, King George V, funeral procession through central London and burial at St George's Chapel, Windsor, 21-28 Jan 1936, including commemorative features, tributes, and articles on the new King, Edward VIII. 3 files

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/197


Newspapers and newspaper cuttings on events leading up to the abdication of Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, King Edward VIII on 11 Dec 1936, including his relationship with Wallis Warfield (Mrs Ernest Simpson). 3 files

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/198


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles, notably from Cavalcade, the British News-Magazine, News Review, and American newspapers Daily News and New York Post, on the lives of Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII, and Wallis Warfield (Mrs Ernest Simpson), their relationship and causes of Edward's abdication in Dec 1936; biographical details of Albert Frederick Arthur George, King George VI, ascended Dec 1936, his wife Queen Elizabeth Angela Marguerite and daughters Princesses Elizabeth Alexandra Mary and Margaret Rose; history of English coronation ceremonies; planning and organisation of George VI's coronation, May 1937; marriage of Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Duke of Windsor, and Wallis Warfield in France, Jun 1937. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/199


The King and the Lady, three kings in one year. Why did Edward VIII abdicate? Facts which were not told (published by Cavalcade, The British News-Magazine, London, [1937]). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/200

1939 Jun

The Daily Telegraph and Morning Post, 26 Jun 1939 supplement on the visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to Canada and the USA in Jun 1939, including meeting with US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his wife (Anna) Eleanor Roosevelt. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/201


Newspaper cuttings on Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII, his relationship with Wallis Warfield (Mrs Wallis Simpson) in the 1930s and abdication in Dec 1936, including extracts and reviews of A King's Story, the Memoirs of H R H the Duke of Windsor by the Duke of Windsor (Cassell and Co, London, 1951) and The Heart has its Reasons by the Duchess of Windsor (Michael Joseph, London, 1956). 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/202


Newspaper cuttings relating to Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII, his relationship with Wallis Warfield (Mrs Wallis Simpson) in the 1930s, abdication in Dec 1936, life of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor from 1937 and death of the Duke in May 1972, including articles by the Duke. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/203-223 Papers dated 1911-1967 on British society and politics, including the labour movement, government, Official Secrets Acts, arts and education, 1911-1940

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/203


Official Secrets Act, 1911, being an Act to re-enact the Official Secrets Act of 1889 with Amendments (HMSO, London, 1911). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/204


Official Secrets Act, 1920, being an Act to amend the Official Secrets Act of 1911 (HMSO, London, 1920). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/205


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles, notably by the Very Rev William Ralph Inge, Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, mainly referring to changes in society and culture, including the impact of scientific and technological developments; attitudes to religion, morality and national identity; trends in politics, law and economic conditions. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/206

1926 May

Newspaper cuttings on the General Strike ordered in May 1926 by the Trades Union Congress, in support of the miners' industrial action over wages and hours, including reports on extent of the strike, workers' marches, disruption and restoration of services, gradual return to work by strikers and policy of the Conservative government under Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/207


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles on literature, particularly literary trends and views on the quality, conventions and styles of popular literature of the 1920s and 1930s. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/208


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to the educational system in Britain, particularly trends in secondary school and university examinations; public school system; methods of instruction; extent of secondary education among middle and working classes; conditions in elementary schools; curricula content; proposals for reforms. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/209


Newspaper supplements relating to developments in sea and rail transportation and aviation, comprising supplements from The Times and Daily Telegraph on first aerial photographs of Mount Everest; Cunard White Star shipping company; maiden voyage of Britain's largest passenger liner the QUEEN MARY; centenary of the Great Western Railway. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/210


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to freedom of speech and information including the Official Secrets Acts, 1911 and 1920 and religious and academic tolerance in Britain; extended police powers contained in the Incitement to Disaffection Bill, May 1934, intended to prevent seduction of members of the armed forces from their duty and allegiance to the Crown; doctrine of the British Union of Fascists and their suppression of dissent during public meetings notably at Olympia, London, Jun 1934; restrictions on civil liberties and the press in Italy, Germany and Russia. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/211


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to truth, falsehood and propaganda, particularly views on methods of misrepresentation used by governments; censorship and the spread of anti-British propaganda in Nazi Germany; importance of freedom of expression in universities; relation between legend and fact in writing of war history and biographies and in feature films; publications exposing facts formerly not well known, notably The Citadel by Dr Archibald Joseph Cronin (Victor Gollancz, London, 1937) on the practices of the established medical profession based in Harley Street, London; veracity of Spanish Civil War atrocity stories. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/212


Newspaper cuttings on the case of Lt Norman Baillie-Stewart of The Seaforth Highlanders, court-marshalled in Mar 1933 for selling military information to the German Ministry of Defence and sentenceof five years' imprisonment; release in 1937 and sale of story to the press. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/213


The National Worker, the independent organ of British opinion, New Year, 1934 and The National Worker, the organ of the national Socialist Workers Party, Jun 1934. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/214


Newspaper cuttings on pacifism in Britain in the 1930s, particularly views on rearmament; modern warfare; national security measures; relationship between Christianity and war; foreign policy of fascist Germany and Italy. Also correspondence with George Glasgow, containing LIDDELL HART's views on patriotism, war and pacifism. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/215


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles on propaganda, particularly work of the Ministry of Information during World War One, 1914-1918; relationship between government, laws, and the press in dissemination of propaganda; plans for establishment of a peacetime Ministry of Information to counteract anti-British propaganda in Germany, Italy and Russia in 1939 and supplement the role of the press, BBC and British Council. Including 'Propaganda, religious and secular' by Aldous Huxley and 'The manufacture of opinion' by Lt Col Edward Newan Mozley, The Spectator, 4 Dec 1936 and 3 Sep 1937. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/216


The Saturday Review, 5 Dec 1936, including articles 'The crusade against communism' by Meriel Buchanan, 'Franco's right to blockade' by Periscope and 'The Soviet hand in India' by Our Correspondent in India. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/217


Manifesto of the Liberty Party, a new party 'bent upon recovering the lost prestige of Britain and the British Empire' covering national defence, armaments, defence services guarantees, Parliamentary and Party reforms, finance, legal reforms, civil liberties, civil service reforms, unemployment, wages, coal mines, shipping, agricultural reforms, fisheries, protection of private trade, protection of public health, immigration, housing, education, empire and foreign policy (The Liberty Party, London, 1936). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/218


Newspaper cuttings relating to the doctrine and practice of democracy, particularly democratic systems of government in Britain, France and the USA; the rise of non-democratic political doctrines notably fascism and communism in Italy, Germany and Russia; fears for the survival of democracy; definitions and aims of democracy including protection of freedom, peace and world order; need for an organised alliance of democratic states in Europe. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/219


Secondary school examinations and the curricula of secondary schools, with suggestions for reform by Sir Philip Joseph Hartog, text of lecture delivered to the Higher Education Meeting at the annual conference of the National Union of Teachers, Portsmouth, 1937 (National Union of Teachers, London, 1937). 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/220


Papers relating to constitutional controversy over claim by Rt Hon (Edwin) Duncan Sandys, MP that he was threatened by Attorney-General Sir Donald Bradley Somervell with penalties of the Official Secrets Acts for refusing to disclose the source of information contained in a draft Parliamentary question to War Minister the Rt Hon Leslie Hore-Belisha, MP, on anti-aircraft defences, including report of Select Committee criticising the actions of Somervell and Hore-Belisha. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/221


Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons Official Report Vol 337 No 138, for 29 and 30 Jun 1938, containing proceedings subsequent to a motion to appoint a Select Committee to inquire into a complaint by Rt Hon (Edwin) Duncan Sandys, MP that he was threatened with penalties of the Official Secrets Acts by Attorney-General Sir Donald Bradley Somervell after refusing to disclose the source of information contained in a draft Parliamentary question to War Minister Leslie Hore-Belisha, on anti-aircraft defences, and to inquire into the question of the applicability of the Official Secrets Acts to Members of Parliament in the discharge of their Parliamentary duties. 1 booklet

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/222


Newspaper cuttings on British public opinion, Oct 1938-Jun 1939, particularly results of surveys mainly carried out by the British Institute of Public Opinion, on old age pensions, rearmament, taxes, the death penalty, flogging and birching of criminals, censorship, mercy killing of terminally ill, conscription, repayment of British war debts to USA, Spanish Civil War, relations between Britain, France and Russia and position of Chamberlain as Prime Minister; views on value of opinion polls and their effect on government policy; methods of measuring opinion and techniques of Dr George H Gallup, founder of the American Institute of Public Opinion; opinion polls prior to the by-election in Hallam division of Sheffield, May 1939. 1 file

LIDDELL HART: 15/3/223


Newspaper cuttings and journal articles relating to politics in Britain mainly 1919-1951, particularly decline of the Liberal Party after World War One; Labour governments, Jan-Nov 1924 and 1929-1931, including formation of a coalition National Government and deflationary policies, 1931; Conservative governments of Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, 1923-1924, 1924-1929 and 1935-1937; policy of Conservative Prime Minister (Arthur) Neville Chamberlain towards Germany, 1938-1939. Including four articles by Emanuel Shinwell on Labour leaders since 1908 and his own career, in Sunday Times Magazine Section, 11 Sep-2 Oct 1960. 1 file


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