King's College London
Archive Catalogues

LAYCOCK, Maj Gen Sir Robert Edward (1907-1968)

Papers

References on this page: LAYCOCK: 1-12


LAYCOCK 1 Papers relating to volunteers for Special Service Brigade, 1940


LAYCOCK 1/1

1940

Completed application forms for volunteers for Special Service Brigade, detailing qualifications for Commando duty such as sporting ability, languages, knowledge of foreign countries, military service and other relevant skills. 1 file



LAYCOCK 1/2

1940

Tables of volunteer officers for Special Service Brigade, detailing age, fitness and relevant qualifications, including entry for Robert Edward Laycock. 1 file


LAYCOCK 1/3

1940

Papers on the engagement of volunteers for Special Service Brigade, including notices sent to Battalion commanders requesting volunteers, conditions of service for Commando personnel and lists of volunteers from the 1 Bn Scots Guard. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2 Training Papers , [1939]-1943 Mar


LAYCOCK 2/1

1932 Mar 1

Essay by Robert Edward Laycock on discipline, possibly written as part of his military training. 1 item


LAYCOCK 2/2

[1939-1940]

Training material on chemical warfare including information on different types of gases, respirators, defence from gas attack, first aid, equipment and gas tactics. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/3

1940-1941 Sep

Training instructions issued shortly after the formation of Special Service Brigade on topics including discipline, weapons, cliff climbing, constructing a bridge from ropes, fieldcraft, city fighting and mountaineering. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/4

1940 Feb 10

Plans for the defence of Bagshot training camp in the event of an air raid, prepared by Lt Col C F Loewen and annotated with suggestions from Robert Edward Laycock. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/5

1940 Nov-1942 Jan

Training notes and memoranda including instructions for landing exercises; operation orders for training exercises for 4 Special Service Bn on the Isle of Arran, Scotland, 12 Dec 1940 and at Brodick, Scotland, 22 Dec 1940 and 4 Jan 1941; programme of lectures on demolition and sabotage for 8 Commando and training instructions for 8 Commando; notes on training issued to commanders of LAYFORCE by Brig Joseph Charles Haydon, Commanding Officer Special Service Brigade, immediately prior to their departure for the Middle East; memoranda on ciphers, disposal of casualties and anti gas training; memorandum on training parachutists in the Middle East by Capt (Archibald) David Stirling and Bde training instructions No 1, 30 Mar 1941 and Commando training orders, 10 Jan 1942. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/6

1941 Feb-1943 Mar

Training papers on topics including weapon training, boat pulling, night operations, consolidation after an attack, bayonet use and lessons learnt from Operation ADDITION (the evacuation of British troops from Bardia, Libya, Apr 1941); briefing of a training exercise simulating a night raid on an aerodrome and railway, May 1941; training timetables; training instructions for 6 Div (to which LAYFORCE was assigned); special order to the Scottish 'C' Bn on secrecy, 29 Mar 1941; training-related signals and correspondence; training directive of First Special Training Unit, US Army, 10 Apr-2 May 1942; training directive for 10 Commando, 1 Sep-31 Dec 1942; report on Exercise SEAWEED, 25 Mar 1943 and plan for training 26 Div in Europe. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/7

1941 Mar

Instructions for signalling training exercises including on identification of hostile wireless stations, signalling for battalion landings, day and night exercises, training for regimental signallers in the Middle East, lists of signalling code, related memoranda and correspondence. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/8

1941 Jan-1942 Jun

Training papers including notes on training for 3 and 8 Commandos, 4 Jan 1941; brigade training instructions, 30 Mar and 5 Apr 1941; Commando training orders, 10 Jan 1942; operation orders for sea training and operation orders for an exercise in Scotland, 9 Jan 1941. 1 file


LAYCOCK 2/9

[1940]

Manuscript notes on basic French phrases, titled 'Sentences every man should know by heart', including phrases to use when escaping. 1 page, conserved after extensive water damage.

LAYCOCK 3 Papers relating to Special Service Brigade, LAYFORCE, 1940 May 31-1942


LAYCOCK 3/1

1940 May 31

Warning orders sent from Gen Weston to LAYFORCE, possibly part of a training exercise. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/2

1940 Dec 14

List of equipment and ammunition to be carried into action by 3 and 8 Commando. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/3

1940 May-1941 Jul

Papers relating to the organisational structure of LAYFORCE, including provisional war establishment for a Battalion 'LAYFORCE'; war establishment for an armoured car regiment; provisional war establishment for a modified infantry Bde signal section, Middle East; war establishment for a Commando, Middle East, 6 Nov 1940; war establishment for a commando headquarters and troop, Mar 1941; outline of the structure of LAYFORCE personnel sent to 6 Div, 24 Mar 1941; letter on the formation of a Brigade Headquarters for LAYFORCE, 27 Mar 1941; provisional war equipment table for LAYFORCE, Apr 1941; minutes of the war establishment committee meeting concerning equipment for LAYFORCE, 18 Apr 1941; provisional war establishment for a brigade headquarters for LAYFORCE, 23 Apr 1941; provisional war establishment for a troop, 1 May 1941 and provisional war establishment for Special Service Brigade, Middle East, 18 Jul 1941. 12 items.


LAYCOCK 3/4

1941 Jan 31

Instructions to Lt Col Robert Edward Laycock to proceed to the Middle East in command of LAYFORCE. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/5

1941 [Feb]

Memorandum explaining the organisation, characteristics and training of LAYFORCE. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/6

1941 Mar 10

Memorandum from Robert Edward Laycock to LAYFORCE on security. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/7

1941 Apr 9

Report by Robert Edward Laycock on the need for a recruiting policy for replacements and reinforcements for Special Service Brigade. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/8

1941 Apr 14-20

Extract from the war diary of LAYFORCE headquarters on the planning of a raid on Bardia, Libya. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/9

1941 Apr 26

Nominal roles of LAYFORCE personnel. 4 items


LAYCOCK 3/10

1941 May-Aug

Papers relating to the Folbot Section (named after the Folbot Company who produced the folding kayaks used by this section, later to become the Special Boat Section) of LAYFORCE including letter from Robert Edward Laycock to Capt Robert 'Jumbo' Courtney, Commander of the Folbot Section, on the possibility of the Folbot section being transferred under the Royal Marines, 1 May 1941; memorandum on purpose of the Folbot section, 16 Aug 1941 and note on the organisational structure of the Folbot section, 26 Apr 1941. 3 items


LAYCOCK 3/11

1941 May 16

Report comparing Eureka boats and Assault Landing Crafts by Lt Col F B Colvin. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/12

[1941 Jun]

Memorandum on the re-organisation of LAYFORCE 'A' and 'D' Battalions. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/13

1941 Jun 8

Memorandum 'Anti-parachutist scheme' outlining procedure in the event of an air raid or parachute attack including a parachute duties roster. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/14

1941 Jun

List of officers and men who embarked on a LAYFORCE operation to Egypt, 14 Jun 1941.


LAYCOCK 3/15

1941 Jun 18

Telegrams reporting activities of LAYFORCE and the decision to disband due to heavy casualties. 2 items


LAYCOCK 3/16

1941 Jun 24

Telegram on the return of Maj J A R Milman, commander of A/D details LAYFORCE.


LAYCOCK 3/17

[1941 Aug]

Summary report on lessons learnt by Special Service Brigade. 1 item


LAYCOCK 3/18

1941

Papers on Army/RAF co-operation including 6 Div standing orders for air co-operation; notes on the communications required when units of the RAF are working with the Army; notes on employment of aircraft when deployed in a close support role, and list of RAF reconnaissance code. 3 items


LAYCOCK 3/19

1941 Sep 16-1942 Jan

Papers on the reorganisation of Special Service Brigade troops in the Middle East following the disbandment of LAYFORCE including report on events prior to the disbandment of LAYFORCE and future policy, 16 Sep 1941; minutes of a meeting, 12 Oct 1941, memoranda and notes on the proposed organisational structure of Commando regiments. 8 items


LAYCOCK 3/20

[1940-1942]

Business card for Mr Gottfreid Keller London editor of Schweizerische Depeschenagentur and Basler Nachrichten.


LAYCOCK 3/21

[1940-1942]

Papers suffering from water damage pertaining to LAYFORCE. 6 items


LAYCOCK 4 Papers on Special Service Brigade following the disbandment of LAYFORCE, [1941-1946]


LAYCOCK 4/1

[1941-1942]

Memorandum on possible roles for which personnel on Special Service with G (R) Branch pool may be asked to volunteer. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/2

[1941 Sep]

Report of a tour inspecting 3 and 12 Commando and Special Boat Service. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/3

1942 Jan

References for Maj Ian MacAlpine. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/4

1942 Feb

Notes on landing craft of Force JOURNALIST. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/5

1942 Mar 26-Apr 16

Papers relating to using Sudeten Germans (a German-speaking ethnic group in Czechoslovakia) in Combined Operations including correspondence and minutes of a meeting on the subject between Maj Gen James Charles Haydon, military advisor to Chief of Combined Operations, and Lt Col P R Wilkinson, 13 Apr 1942. 4 items


LAYCOCK 4/6

1942 Apr

Report by Lt Col Thomas Hoult Trevor on the poor treatment received by 6 Commando on board HMS QUEEN EMMA, 14 Apr 1942, with accompanying notes by Col E G Atkinson. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/7

1942 Apr 25

List of Commandos recommended for awards with reasons for their recommendations. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/8

1942 May

Correspondence and notes relating to the top floor of Glenfoot Hotel, Ardrossan, Scotland, being permanently reserved for Commando Brigade Headquarters staff. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/9

1942 Jul 1

Text of speech in the House of Commons by AF Sir Roger Keyes "That this house…has no confidence in the central direction of the war" on failure to make proper use of amphibious forces. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/10

1942 Sep 15

Minutes of a meeting on the formation of a second Royal Marine Commando, attendees included: Robert Edward Laycock, Col R Neville and representatives from the Royal Marine Commandos. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/11

1942 Aug-1943 Jan

Papers of Capt George Jellicoe, Special Air Service including table of raids by 'L' detachment Special Air Service Brigade and Long Range Desert Group patrols in the western desert, Jul-Aug 1943; minutes of meeting on canoe and small boat development, 22 Sep 1942; minutes of meeting on the Small Scale Raiding Force, 23 Oct 1942; minutes of meetings on the requirements of Small Scale Raiding Force and Special Air Service Regiment, Middle East, 25 Nov, 1, 7, 8, 16 and 29 Dec 1942; list of estimated stores requirements for Special Air Service Regiment, Middle East, compiled by Jellicoe, 8 Dec 1942; report by Jellicoe on possibilities for small scale raids in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1 Jan 1943; letter from Jellicoe on his concerns about lack of personnel and technical proficiency [in the Special Boat Section], 6 Jan 1943; report and notes on small scale raids; list of small craft used for raids and table of characteristics of coastal crafts. 18 items


LAYCOCK 4/12

1942 Oct 12

Memorandum on correct procedure for the handling and treatment of prisoners of war by the British Army. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/13

1942 [Nov]

Report by Lt Col Ian MacAlpine, Commanding Officer of 6 Commando, on the Commando's recent activities. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/14

1942 Dec

Leaflet issued to new recruits of the Airborne Division on their role as specialised troops. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/15

[1943]

Transcript of a conversation between commander of 12 Commando and Lt R R Littlejohn, returned from 'D' troop on morale problems within the troop. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/16

[1943]

Report by Capt Philip Russell Rendel Dunne on Commandos in North Africa and Gibraltar including reports on the following individuals: Col William Glendinning, Lt Col Ian MacAlpine, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, Lt Col Ronald John Frederick Tod, Commanding Officer 9 Commando and Lt Col Scott-Fraser. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/17

[1943]

Notice from Robert Edward Laycock to members of Special Service Brigade on discipline. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/18

[1940-1943]

Map of Cirene, Cyrenaica, scale 1:100,000, sheet 2, reproduced from an Italian map of 1931. 1 item (Oversize)


LAYCOCK 4/19

1943 Jan 12

Report on the role of parachutists in Small Scale Raiding Force raids. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/20

1943 Jan 15-May

Papers relating to the reorganisation of Special Service Brigade due to the changing war situation no longer requiring minor raids. The Commandos were therefore reorganised to take on a new role as 'specialised and highly trained infantry'. Papers include minutes of the Special Service Brigade's fourth commanding officers' conference, principally discussing the changes in the establishment of Commandos, 15 Jan 1943, minutes of a meeting at the War Office on reorganisation, 11 May 1943 and Special Order of the Day by Lt Gen Thomas Lionel Hunton, Adjutant General, Royal Marines on the reorganisation. 3 items


LAYCOCK 4/21

1943 Oct

Papers relating to Robert Edward Laycock's appointment as Chief of Combined Operations, including announcement by the War Office and directive outlining the duties of Chief of Combined Operations. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/22

1943 Nov-1944

Robert Edward Laycock's passes for conferences including the Second Quebec Conference (codenamed 'OCTAGON') between the British and United States governments, Sep 1944. 5 items


LAYCOCK 4/23

1944 Mar 23

Minutes of a meeting held to discuss the policy of the Royal Marines following the submission of a memorandum suggesting the Royal Marines were being used for duties other than for which they were intended and therefore their role needed to be clearly defined. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/24

1944 Dec 20

Report on a tour of South East Asia Command and the Mediterranean made by Robert Edward Laycock. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/25

1945 Feb

Papers relating to Robert Edward Laycock's official visit to Russia with Brig Antony Henry Head to discover how best to elicit information about Soviet operational intentions from the Russian general staff, including programmes in Russian and a typescript diary of the visit by Head, 10-18 Feb 1945. 4 items


LAYCOCK 4/26

1945 Jul 21

Programme for the British victory parade in Berlin and Robert Edward Laycock's British delegation pass. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/27

[1945]

List of Commando Victoria Cross winners. 1 item


LAYCOCK 4/28

1945

Papers on the disbandment of the Commando group including Order of the Day by Robert Edward Laycock, 25 Oct 1945, and blank Commando Service Certificate. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/29

1946 [May]

Report by Laycock as Chief of Combined Operations, 'Study of future combined operations', including sections on amphibious potential, effect of restrictions, operational assault force, minimum requirements for training in Combined Operations, and strategic aspects of British foreign policy, with additional manuscript notes by Laycock. 22 ff.


LAYCOCK 4/30

1946 May 8-10

Memoranda by Robert Edward Laycock on the future of Combined Operations with accompanying letter to Maj Gen Sir Leslie Hollis, Senior Assistant Secretary in Office of the War Cabinet. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/31

[1941-1946]

Diagrams of Establishments in Britain for Admiralty, War Office, Ministry of Supply and Combined Operations Head Quarters, showing geographical location. 2 items


LAYCOCK 4/32

[1941-1946]

Menus from the Canadian National Hotel. 3 items


LAYCOCK 4/33

[1941-1946]

Sketch of the method of wearing the commando green beret with cap stretcher. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5 Papers relating to Commando operations, 1941 Apr-[1944]


LAYCOCK 5/1

1941 Apr 19-May 7

Papers on Operation ADDITION (the evacuation of Bardia, Libya, Apr 1941) including report by Lt Cdr W J W Woods of the HMS Triumph with covering notes by Capt S M Raw of the HMS Medway, 7 May 1941. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/2

1941 Apr 19-26

Papers on Operation ADDITION (evacuation of Bardia, Libya, Apr 1941) including operation order, 19 Apr 1941 and report, 26 Apr 1941. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/3

1941 May 20

Operation orders for raid on Gazala landing ground, Libya, by LAYFORCE 'B' Battalion, 20 May 1941, and signal from LAYFORCE reporting raids on Gazala and Derna, Libya. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/4

1941 [Apr-Jun]

Papers relating to the evacuation of Crete (Apr-Jun 1941) including signal from LAYFORCE reporting on the evacuation; Warning order to LAYFORCE, 31 May 1940; letter to Lt Col Edward Simonds de Brett on the subject and orders for blowing up bridges in Crete. 4 items


LAYCOCK 5/5

1941 [Apr-Jun]

Papers relating to the evacuation of Crete (Apr-Jun 1941) including manuscript diary by Robert Edward Laycock and official report on the conduct of Lt Col Geoffrey Keyes, commander of 'C' Battalion [Apr-Jun] 1941. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/6

1941 Jun-Aug

Papers relating to the Litani river raid, Palestine, 9-10 Jun 1941, including report on LAYFORCE 'C' Battalion (11 Commando); recommendation for an award for Eric Francis Garland for his conduct during the raid and extract from a speech by Lord Sir Henry Page Croft, Under-Secretary of State for War, on the role of the Australians in the crossing of the Litani river. 3 items


LAYCOCK 5/7

1941 Nov-1942 Aug

Captured documents translated into English relating to Commando operations including translation of an Italian report on Commando action in North Africa, 18 Nov 1941; translation of Italian intelligence report on the British Special Service units, translated by Capt Evelyn Waugh, 9 May 1942, and translation of captured German proposals for the improvement of defence measures against Commando operations in Crete, Aug 1942. 3 items


LAYCOCK 5/8

1941 Nov 9

Part of operation orders for 11 Commando for Operation FLIPPER (the attempted capture of Gen Erwin Rommel from his Headquarters, Nov 1941). 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/9

1942 Jan

Papers relating to Operation FLIPPER (the attempted capture of Gen Erwin Rommel from his Headquarters, Nov 1941), including letters from Laycock; manuscript draft of a supplementary report on Operation FLIPPER by Laycock and manuscript draft recommendation by Laycock for a Distinguished Service Medal for Sgt Jack Terry (with whom Laycock was trapped behind enemy lines, following Operation FLIPPER). 5 items


LAYCOCK 5/10

[1941 Dec]

Report on operations in Libya by 7 Armoured Div, 18 Nov-25 Dec 1941. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/11

1942 Mar 29

Transcript of telephone message from Maj Robert David Quixano Henriques, 2 Commando, to Robert Edward Laycock reporting on Operation CHARIOT (raid on St Nazaire, Mar 1942). 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/12

1942 Mar-Jul

Papers relating to Commando raids on Alderney: Operation BLAZING, May 1942, and Operation AIMWELL, Aug 1942, including minutes of meetings on Operation BLAZING, 9 Mar and 28 Apr 1942 and outline naval plan for Operation AIMWELL, 20 Jul 1942. 3 items


LAYCOCK 5/13

[1942 Apr]

Manuscript account by Laycock of Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer of 4 Commando's conduct during Operation ABERCROMBIE, (raid on the French coastal village of Hardelot), 21-22 Apr 1942. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/14

1942 [Jun]

Papers relating to raids by Lt Col (Archibald) David Stirling, Commanding Officer, Special Air Service, including notes by Robert Edward Laycock on Stirling's raids on enemy aerodromes and extract from a letter from Maj Randolph Churchill, Special Air Service, to Prime Minister Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill giving a detailed account of a raid on Benina airfield near Benghazi, Libya, led by Stirling, 24 Jun 1942. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/15

[1942 Jul]

Part of a report on problems encountered in LAYFORCE operations due to intelligence weaknesses. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/16

1942 Jul 8

Notes on lessons to be learnt from the preparation and mounting of the cancelled Operation RUTTER (a raid on Dieppe). 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/17

1942 Aug 24

Special communiqué on Operation JUBILEE (the raid on Dieppe, 19 Aug 1942). 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/18

1942 Sep-Nov

Report on Special Service Brigade activities, Jun-Sep 1942, and Special Air Service operations Oct-Nov 1942. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/19

1942 Nov 11-12

Unofficial report on Operation FAHRENHEIT (the raid on Pointe de Plouézec, Brittany, Nov 1942), undertaken by 12 Commando. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/20

1943 Jan

Preliminary report on an operation by Maj Fynn's detachment of 12 Commando, 23-24 Jan. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/21

1943 Feb 8

Transcript of an interview with Monsieur Bonnamy on Operation CHARIOT (raid on St Nazaire, Mar 1942), broadcast by the BBC for the French Programme. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/22

1943 Feb-Jun

Papers belonging to Col Antony Henry Head, chief military planner at Combined Operations Headquarters, on the invasion of Sicily including memorandum on raiding in Operation HUSKY (the invasion of Sicily, Jun 1943), 6 Feb 1943; brief of Operation CORKSCREW (the capture of the Italian islands of Pantelleria, Linsa and Lampedusa) and notes on effects of Operation CORKSCREW on Operation HUSKY, 13 Jun 1943. Also letter to Head from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, enclosing a letter from Mountbatten to Lt Gen Dwight David Eisenhower, Commander in Chief, Allied Force on Mountbatten's reluctance to amalgamate 1 and 6 Commandos for Operation HUSKY, suggesting 3 Commando should be deployed in their stead, 12 Mar 1943. 6 items


LAYCOCK 5/23

1943 Jul-Aug

Papers relating to Operation HUSKY, (the invasion of Sicily, Jun 1943), including transcript of message from Gen Sir Bernard Law Montgomery to 8 Army before Operation HUSKY; war diary of Operation HUSKY 1-31 Jul; report on Operations of Headquarters Special Service Brigade with 40 and 41 Royal Marine Commandos, 10-12 Jul; report on Operation LUSTY, (a reconnaissance mission attached to Operation HUSKY, 30 Jul 1943) and report of Operation BLACKCOCK (a landing near the Cap d'Ali, Sicily, 13 Aug), with list of casualties suffered by 2 Commando and Special Order of the Day by Brig Currie, Commander 4 Armed Bde, congratulating those involved in operations in Messina, Sicily, including 2 Commando, 21 Aug 1943. 10 items


LAYCOCK 5/24

[1943 Sep]

Map of Salerno region of Italy, Scale 1:50,000, possibly used for Operation AVALANCHE (the main invasion at Salerno). (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/25

[1942-1944]

Part of a report on an operation in Sarande, Albania. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/26

[1941-1944]

Manuscript notes made by Robert Edward Laycock on Special Service Brigade operations including an amphibious assault. 35 ff.


LAYCOCK 5/27 Papers relating to Operation TORCH, (the British-American invasion of French North Africa, 8-12 Nov 1942), 1942 Aug 13-1943 Jan 28


LAYCOCK 5/27/1

1942 Aug 13

List of questions for Lt Col E A M Wedderburn to discuss with the US Command, possibly in preparation for Operation TORCH. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/27/2

1942 Dec 30

Commendations for 1 and 6 Commando for their role in Operation TORCH from Maj Gen Charles Wolcott Ryder, Commanding General, 34th Infantry Div, US Army and Lt Gen Dwight David Eisenhower, Commander in Chief, Allied Force. 4 items


LAYCOCK 5/27/3

1943 Jan 1-14

Report on activities of US Army 1 Ranger Battalion during Operation TORCH by Lt Col William Orlando Darby, commanding officer of 1 Ranger Battalion, US Army and letter to Robert Edward Laycock from Darby, wishing season's greetings and discussing Operation TORCH, 14 Jan 1943. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/27/4

1943 Jan 9

List of activities of 1 Commando during Operation TORCH, 8 Nov 1942-9 Jan 1943, by Lt Col Thomas Hoult Trevor, Commanding Officer 1 Commando. 1 item


LAYCOCK 5/27/5

1943 Jan 9

Report by Philip Jordan to Lt Col Thomas Hoult Trevor on Operation BIZERTE, (raid on Tunisia, part of Operation TORCH), with accompanying letter by Col William Glendinning. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/27/6

1943 Jan 9-16

Letters from Col William Glendinning reporting on the activities of 1 and 6 Commando during and after Operation TORCH and lists of casualties 9 and 16 Jan 1943; also enclosing report by Lt Col Thomas Hoult Trevor on wastage of the Commandos' specialised training and problems with reinforcements, 15 Jan 1943. 6 items


LAYCOCK 5/27/7

1943 Jan 28

Report on activities of 6 Commando during Operation TORCH, by Lt Col Ian MacAlpine, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, with addendum on lessons arising. 2 items


LAYCOCK 5/27/8

[1943 Jan]

Report on activities of 1 and 6 Commando and US Army 1 Ranger Battalion during Operation TORCH. 1 item


LAYCOCK 6 Correspondence. 31 files, 1923-1965


LAYCOCK 6/1

1931 Jul-1936 Apr

Robert Edward Laycock's personal letters relating to his trip to Australia on the sailing ship Herzogin Cecilie, Aug 1931-Jan 1932, including letters arranging the journey; letters received while aboard including from his father, Sir Joseph Frederick Laycock, his cousin, Peter Laycock and Antony Henry Head (later Viscount Head); letters arranging for a trip to Åland in the Baltic for Laycock and friends, 1932 and letters from Gustaf Erikson, owner and Sven Eriksson, captain, of the Herzogin Cecilie. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/2

1923-1939

Official correspondence and papers relating to Robert Edward Laycock's early career including Laycock's appointment as 2 Lt, Royal Horse Guards, 2 Feb 1927; programme for the assembly of the Atlantic Fleet at Portland for the Imperial conference, 1930; appointment as instructor on anti-gas and air defence measures at Chatham School of Military Engineering, Dec 1947; movement orders to France, 31 Dec 1939; letter on passive air defence, 1939 and Laycock's service book. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/3

1940-1941

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letter from Capt David Astor, press officer for Combined Operations on methods to unnerve German troops; letter from Laycock to Maj Gen Arthur Smith, General Headquarters, Middle East on the frustration and lack of morale felt by the Commandos due to having seen no action in 9 months, 6 May 1941; letter from Laycock to Lt Gen Sir Ronald MacKenzie Scobie, general officer commanding Tobruk Fortress on a misunderstanding regarding Lord Sudley and the proposed Operation WALLS, 30 Jan 1941; instructions for Laycock to take LAYFORCE to the Middle East, 3 Sep 1941; letter from Maj Robert 'Jumbo'Courtney, Commanding Officer Folbot Section, on the organisation of the Folbot section, 18 Sep 1941 and message to Laycock on his appointment as Commander of the Middle East Commandos, 15 Oct 1941. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/4

1941-1968

Robert Edward Laycock's correspondence, Jun 1941-Apr 1943, 1959, 1962 and 1967-1968 including letter from Laycock to Gen Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief Middle East, on the re-organising of Special Service Brigade, 17 Oct 1941; letter from Laycock to Maj Gen Charles Joseph Haydon, military advisor to Chief of Combined Operations, expressing concerns over a prospective reorganisation of Brigade headquarters, 29 Mar 1942; letter from Capt Evelyn Waugh to Laycock on functions of information officers in Special Service Brigade; letter on a report by Capt Raymond Douglas Coate making serious allegations against commanders of the aborted Operation MYRMIDON, 20 Apr 1942; letter from Laycock on reinforcements for Special Service Brigade, 22 May 1942; letter from Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, to Robert Edward Laycock on 4 Commando, 8 Jul 1942; letter from Laycock on Lt Col Derek Mills-Roberts distinguishing himself in Operation JUBILEE, (raid on Dieppe, 19 Aug 1942), 24 Aug 1942; letters from Col Antony Henry Head to Laycock on frequent personality clashes between Lovat and staff officers, 9 and 23 Sep 1942; extract from a letter to Gen Alan Francis Brooke, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, from Lt Gen Sir William Platt, Commander-in-Chief, East African Command, complaining that the expense of Special Service Brigade does not reflect their worth, with response from Laycock, 1942; letter from Lt Col Dudley Stuart Lister, Commanding Officer 10 Commando, on 10 Commando, 13 Nov 1942; letter from Laycock to Noel Coward on the 'Commando March' composed by Coward, 20 Nov 1942; letters from Mills-Roberts on 6 Commando, Jan-Apr 1943; letter on the capture of Lt Col (Archibald) David Stirling, Commanding Officer Special Air Service, 13 Feb 1943; letter on the use of dogs for sledge hauling, 20 Mar 1943; address by Laycock to 2 Commando and letter to their Commanding Officer, Lt Col Jack Churchill, before their departure for Gibraltar, 3 Apr 1943; address from Lt Gen Charles Walter Allfrey, Commander 5 Corps, North Africa, to 1 and 6 Commando at Souk el Arba prior to leaving for Algiers, 4 Apr 1943; letters on the work of 1 and 6 Commando in North Africa, 8 Mar 1943 and 15 Apr 1943; correspondence between Laycock and historian John Spencer on the Crete Campaign, Dec 1959; correspondence on the misrepresentation of the role of Combined Operations in amphibious warfare in The War at Sea, by Stephen Wentworth Roskill, (part of the official history of World War Two), Apr-Oct 1962 and letter to Laycock from Stirling on a libel case mounted by Stirling against the Sunday Times after publication of an article claiming that Stirling had breached security by talking publicly on Operation SNOWDROP (an attack on Benghazi, Libya) 31 Oct 1967. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/5

1941 [Mar]-Jun

Correspondence on LAYFORCE personnel including on reinforcements for LAYFORCE, Apr 1941; the policy and function of the base depot for Commandos Middle East, Apr 1941; personnel returned from hospital, May 1941; letter from Robert Edward Laycock to Maj Gen -, General Headquarters, Middle East, on lack of morale felt by the Commandos having seen no action in 9 months, 6 May 1941; correspondence on the ending of the initial Commando six-month volunteer period and fears that many Commandos may wish to return to their regiments, May-Jun 1941, and on the reposting of personnel following the disbandment of LAYFORCE. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/6

[1942]

Robert Edward Laycock's undated official correspondence on topics including recommendations for transfers, references, introduction of green berets and organisational problems of Special Service Brigade. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/7

1942 Jan-Feb

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence on topics including the death of Lt Col Geoffrey Charles Tasker Keyes during Operation FLIPPER, (the attempted capture of Gen Erwin Rommel from his head quarters, Nov 1941), 5 Jan 1942; organisation of Special Service Brigade, 16 Feb 1942 and a personal letter from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, asking Laycock to replace Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon as Commander of Special Service Brigade, 26 Feb 1942. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/8

1942 Mar-Apr

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence on topics including on the importance of the Commando's to be dressed smartly; the promotion of Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon to Vice Chief of Combined Operations; personnel and recruitment; 4 Commando's alleged mistreatment of two Sudeten Germans in their ranks during Operation ABERCROMBIE, (a raid on the French coastal village of Hardelot, Pas de Calais), Apr-May 1942 and correspondence on a report by Capt Raymond Douglas Coate making serious allegations against commanders of the aborted Operation MYRMIDON, Apr 1942, with correspondents including Capt Evelyn Waugh and Col Antony Henry Head, chief military planner at combined operations headquarters. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/9

1942 May

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letter to Laycock from Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, military advisor to Chief of Combined Operations, on a report written by Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, 2 May 1942; letter from Haydon to Laycock on aspects of Special Service Brigade in need of improvement, 12 May 1942; letter from Laycock to Lovat reprimanding him for deprecating the Armed Forces in his report on Exercise BRANDYBALL, 28 May 1943; correspondence on topics including training exercises, personnel and recruitment, escaped Commando prisoners of war, Capt Evelyn Waugh's transfer to the Royal Horse Guards and volunteers from the Police Service. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/10

1942 Jun

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including correspondence between Laycock and Wing Commander Norman John Hulbert on questions to the Prime Minister on conditions and pay for Special Service Troops; correspondence with Capt Evelyn Waugh on a talk given by Lt Col Casson, Jun 1942, to the students of the intelligence course at Matlock making allegations that LAYFORCE did not consult intelligence before their attempt to capture Rommel in 1941 and that Commando prisoners had leaked intelligence to the Nazis; correspondence on topics including personnel and recruitment; the Lovat Scouts and Special Service Brigade training. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/11

1942 Jul

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including draft letter from Laycock to Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, on preventing Special Service Brigade merging with the Royal Marines; correspondence on topics including Commando training exercises, explosives, street fighting personnel and recruitment. Correspondents include Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, military advisor to Chief of Combined Operations, AF Sir Roger Keyes, and Lt Col Ian MacAlpine. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/12

1942 Aug

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including correspondence between Laycock and Capt Randolph Churchill, Special Air Service, on a long range sabotage unit; letter from Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, on 4 Commando's role in the Dieppe raid at Varengeville, France; letter from Capt Evelyn Waugh and correspondence on personnel and recruitment. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/13

1942 Sep

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letter on action of Laycock's brother Maj Michael Hugh Laycock, in North Africa for which he was awarded the Military Cross; letter from Laycock to Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, admonishing him for 'bad manners' and letter with accompanying report from Maj Robert 'Jumbo' Courtney, claiming that the Royal Navy were attempting to oust Commandos from participating in navel affairs; correspondence on topics including personnel and recruitment; Operation JUBILEE (the raid on Dieppe, 19 Aug 1942); Special Service Brigade training; Naval Beach parties using the term 'Commando'; the possibility of forming a Commando from the Guards Division; and Commando green berets. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/14

1942 Oct-Nov

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence on topics including Exercise BLACKMORE, personnel and recruitment; the memorial service for Lt Col Geoffrey Charles Tasker Keyes; a report on the strength of Special Service Brigade, 18 Nov, and the possibility of forming a troop of Italian speaking Commandos. Correspondents include Col William Glendinning, Capt David Astor, press officer for Combined Operations, Lt Col Dudley Lister, Commanding Officer 10 Commando, Maj Robert 'Jumbo' Courtney, Commander of Special Boat Section, AF Sir Roger Keyes, Capt Lord George Jellicoe, Special Air Service, Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, and Maj Geoffrey Cass. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/15

1942 Dec

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letters from Lt Gen Ronald John Frederick Tod, Commanding Officer 9 Commando, on 9 Commando living in inadequate conditions in Gibraltar and becoming restless due to failure to be involved in action; correspondence on topics including the Lovat Scouts, a 'Commando March' written by Noel Coward, an alleged incident of tactlessness involving Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, weaknesses in intelligence in Special Service Brigade, personnel and recruitment, discipline in 'D' group, 10 Commando and public opinion that Operation CHARIOT (raid on St Nazaire) was not a success for the Commandos. Correspondents include Capt David Astor, press officer for Combined Operations, Col William Glendinning and Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/16

1943 Jan

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including report by Capt Philip Russell Rendel Dunne on Special Service Brigade in North Africa and Gibraltar, including reports on the following individuals: Col William Glendinning, Lt Col Ian MacAlpine, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, Lt Col Ronald John Frederick Tod, Commanding Officer 9 Commando and Lt Col Scott-Fraser; letter from Glendinning concerning the practice of using Commandos for infantry work which they have not been trained to do, resulting in unfavourable comparisons and ultimately providing a pretext for disbanding the Commandos; correspondence with Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, on the decision not to disband 14 Commando; correspondence on topics including intelligence for Special Service Brigade, personnel and recruitment, special allowance pay for Commandos, public opinion towards 2 Commando following Operation CHARIOT (raid on St Nazaire); Operation FLIPPER (the attempted capture of Gen Erwin Rommel from his head quarters, Nov 1941) and pamphlet on discipline by Maj Gen Frederick Arthur Montague Browning. Correspondents include Col Antony Henry Head, chief military planner at Combined Operations headquarters; Lt Cdr Thomas Woodrooffe, Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations; Lt Col Derek Mills-Roberts, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, and Maj Clarence Gardner. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/17

1943 Feb

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letter from Col William Glendinning on activities of 1 and 6 Commando; correspondence between Laycock and Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations, on the reorganisation of Special Service Brigade; letter from Lt Col Derek Mills-Roberts, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, enclosing report on the activities of 6 Commando; correspondence on topics including the capture of Lt Col (Archibald) David Stirling, Commanding Officer Special Air Service; personnel and recruitment; an 'Italian troop' in 10 Commando; employment for Lt Col Ian MacAlpine and the cancelled Exercise DELIRIUM. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/18

1943 Mar-Apr

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letters from Lt Col Derek Mills-Roberts, Commanding Officer 6 Commando, on activities of 6 Commando; correspondence on the reorganisation of Special Service Brigade; correspondence on disputes due to Commandos not being used for the purposes for which they have been trained, and correspondence on recruitment of new Commandos including letter to Lt Gen Hastings Lionel Ismay, Chief of Staff to Minister of Defence, protesting against a suggestion that Commandos should cease to be volunteers, 8 Mar 1943. Correspondents include Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, Maj Geoffrey Cass and Sir Walter Cowan. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/19

1943 May-Sep

Signals, chiefly between Robert Edward Laycock and V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, on topics including Laycock's opposition to the reorganisation of Special Service Brigade with message from Laycock asking to be relieved of his command due to the 'mistrust and disregard of all my recommendations'; also signals on reinforcements, Polish and Belgium troops, the shortage of vehicles, and recalling Laycock to England, Sep 1943. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/20

1943 May-Jul

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including correspondence between Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, Laycock and Capt Evelyn Waugh on Waugh's being prevented from joining Laycock for Operation HUSKY (invasion of Sicily) and Waugh leaving Special Service Brigade, Jul 1943; letter from Laycock to Lovat on the disbandment of 12 Commando, to provide reinforcements for 1 and 6 Commando and to form a 'holding Commando' to provide trained reinforcements for the fighting Commandos; and correspondence on reorganisation of Special Service Brigade including letter to Laycock from Lovat and letter from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, explaining decisions reached regarding the reorganisation, 31 Jul 1943. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/21

1943 Aug

Brig Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letters between Laycock, V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 4 Commando, and Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations, on the restructuring of Special Service Brigade, 6-31 Aug; letter from Laycock to Haydon reporting the actions of the Commandos during Operation HUSKY, (the invasion of Sicily), 8 Aug 1943; letters of congratulations, including from Lt Gen Sir Oliver Leese, Commander of the Eighth Army, for the actions of the Commandos during the invasion of Sicily and correspondence on awards for Commandos. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/22

1943 Sep

Brig Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letter from Laycock on difficulties of mounting an attack on Italy from Sicily and the disappearance of Peter Young, 1 Sep; draft by Laycock of a recommendation for Distinguished Service Order for Lt Col Jack Churchill, Commanding Officer 2 Commando, for action during the invasion of Salerno; letter ordering Laycock's return to London from the Middle East, 21 Sep; letter from Lt Col Jack Churchill to Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations, on battles in Vietry-Sal-Mare, Salerno, Dragons Hill and Piegolette, 29 Sep 1943; Army Routine Orders announcing Laycock's Distinguished Service Order,12 Sep, and letters of congratulation including from Haydon and AF Sir Roger Keyes. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/23

1943 Oct-Dec

Brig Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letters on Laycock's appointment as Chief of Combined Operations including letter from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten to his successor as Chief of Combined Operations, 2 Oct 1943; letter from Laycock to Lt Col Thomas Bell Lindsay Churchill, outlining future plans following the restructuring of Special Service Brigade, 18 Oct and correspondence between Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon, Vice Chief of Combined Operations and Laycock, Dec 1943 on topics including Haydon leaving Special Service Brigade. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/24

1945-1954

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including letters of thanks to Laycock, including from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Theatre, FM Sir Alan Francis Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff, and Lt Col Simon 'Shimi' Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Commanding Officer 2 Commando; personal letter from Mountbatten to Laycock on Mountbatten's appointment as Viceroy of India, 18 Feb 1947; letter from Laycock to Brig William Edmonstone Duncan on Sgt Jack Terry (with whom Laycock was trapped behind enemy lines, following Operation FLIPPER), for Duncan's history of the Royal Artillery, 21 Mar 1947 and two photographs of the lying in state of AF Sir Roger Keyes in his parish church in Tingewick, Buckingham, Jan 1946. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/25

1964

Robert Edward Laycock's official correspondence including papers on the proposed role of British 'Special Forces' to help East African governments to reorganise and restore their National Armies including report and letter from Lt Col (Archibald) David Stirling; correspondence on employment of Lt Col John Woodhouse and papers relating to Laycock's visit to the Special Air Service Regiment in Borneo, Oct 1964, including typescript account of the visit by Laycock, notes on his visit to 'A' and 'B' squadrons and correspondence with Viscount Antony Henry Head, British High Commissioner in Malaysia, Maj Peter de la Billiere, Commander of 'A' squadron and Maj Gen Napier Crookenden, Director, Land/Air Warfare Ministry of Defence. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/26

1941-1949

Correspondence with family members of Commandos, many of them killed in action, including families of Capt Jocelyn Nicholls, Sgt Jack Terry (with whom Laycock was trapped behind enemy lines following Operation FLIPPER), Pte Thomas Fraser, Eric Kiaer, Chris Lawrence, Maj Anders Lassen, Maj John Richard Edwards, Cpl Norman Allen Burford and Sgt Charles Stewart. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/27

1947 Jul-Dec

Correspondence on Capt Roy (Alexander) Farran, 3 Hussars, court martialled and acquitted for the murder of Alexander Rubovitz in Palestine, chiefly on arranging letters of testimonial for Farran from British Army officers, including Laycock, 20 Aug 1947. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/28

1946-1964

Correspondence relating to publications on Combined Operations, including questionnaire (uncompleted) on the history of the Commandos, possibly used for researching The Green Beret, by Hilary St George Saunders, 8 Aug 1946; letters to Laycock from Alan Campbell Johnson, Maj Gen V D Thomas, Rear Admiral Henry Edward Horan and others on an official history of Combined Operations including forward by Laycock to a book on Combined Operations, Survey by Starlight, by Ralph Neville and related correspondence with Nigel Willmott, Dec 1947; draft letter from V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten, Viceroy of India to Maj Gen Godfrey Edward Wildman-Lushington, proposing the official history should be written in order to counteract negative reports of Combined Operations in the press, Aug 1948; letters from Bernard Fergusson on his book on Combined Operations, The Watery Maze; correspondence and comments on 'Combined Operations handbook, 10b: amphibious raids', Jan 1950; correspondence between Laycock and D M Davin on the battle for Crete for a publication on New Zealand at war, Sep 1951; letter from Laycock to Sir James Butler, editor of The War at Sea, (part of the official history of World War Two) by Stephen Wentworth Roskill on the misrepresentation of the role Combined Operations in amphibious warfare, 1954; commentary by David George Carr Sutherland, wartime commander of the Special Boat Service to Col Hugh Stewart Gillies on a paper on the future of airborne forces, 10 Mar 1964. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/29

1947-1961

Correspondence relating to Special Service Brigade memorials including a Combined Operations reunion, 2 Mar 1951; a memorial tablet in the former office of Chief of Combined Operations, Scotland Yard, 2 Jan 1951; invitation to join The Frenchman's Creek Club, London, set up by an ex Commando; bulletin on Belgium Commandos Le Commando and programmes for memorial services in honour of Special Service Brigade, 1952 and 1961. 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/30

1938-1951

Robert Edward Laycock's personal correspondence, chiefly 1939-1941, including with his father, Sir Joseph Frederick Laycock, Antony Henry Head (later Viscount Head) and artist Anthony Devas on a portrait of Laycock's wife Angela (née Dudley Ward), Feb 1951. Also a plan of Wiseton Hall, Laycock's family home, drawn by Laycock as a child (oversize). 1 file


LAYCOCK 6/31

1954 Aug-1965 Jul

Personal correspondence between Robert Edward Laycock and V Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten with some mention of official matters, including Malta and relations with Dominic Mintoff, leader of the Malta Labour Party. Also correspondence between Laycock, Mountbatten and Capt Thomas Hussey on the misrepresentation of the role of Combined Operations in amphibious warfare in The War at Sea, (part of the official history of World War Two) by Stephen Wentworth Roskill including drafts of a letter by Laycock with corrections sent to the editor, James Butler, 1962; correspondence relating to a radio recording made by Laycock on Mountbatten to be broadcast in the event of the latter's sudden death, including transcript of the broadcast; letters to the Laycock family from Mountbatten's wife Edwina (née Ashley); correspondence between Laycock, Mountbatten and Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon on a letter by Lord Lovat (Simon 'Shimi' Fraser) 'Lord Lovat and the Dieppe Raid' in the Sunday Express, 4 Jul 1965, criticising Mountbatten's involvement in the Dieppe raid of Aug 1942, with a copy of the article. 1 file


LAYCOCK 7 Lectures and speeches. 6 files, [1943-1949]


LAYCOCK 7/1

1943 Nov 1-[1947]

Notes and transcripts of lectures on Special Service Brigade given by Laycock, including 'A tribute to the army Commandos', 5 Nov 1945; raiding operations and the lessons learnt from them and a script for broadcast on 'The disbandment of the Army Commandos', 27 Nov 1945. 1 file


LAYCOCK 7/2

1945 May 29

Notes for a lecture by Brig Antony Henry Head on the evolution of amphibious operations, given at Staff College, Camberley, 29 May 1945. 1 file


LAYCOCK 7/3

[1945]

Notes and transcripts of speeches made by Robert Edward Laycock to the Commandos including transcript of speech, 24 Oct 1945, and speech given to 1 Commando Bde on the disbandment of the Commando group, 23 Oct 1945. 1 file


LAYCOCK 7/4

[1945-1947]

Manuscript and typescript notes and transcripts for lectures on Special Service Brigade given by Robert Edward Laycock, including lectures on Commando action on the Litani River, Palestine, Jun 1941; bombardment units; the development of the technique of Combined Operations; sea and land warfare; development of amphibious techniques and the Commandos in the Middle East. 1 file


LAYCOCK 7/5

[1949]

Transcript of lecture by Robert Edward Laycock on chemical warfare and notes and transcript of speech given to the British legion on its silver jubilee. 1 file


LAYCOCK 8 Draft publications, scripts and press cuttings relating to Laycock and Special Service Brigade. 2 files, 1 oversize, 1939-1948


LAYCOCK 8/1

1927 Jun

Press cutting, 'The Household Cavalry'. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/2

1936 Dec 2

Press cutting from The Yorkshire Post. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/3

1939 Nov 29

Press cutting, 'Stalin's hope', in the Yorkshire Post. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/4

[1941 May]

Press cutting, 'British landing party wrecks bridge, guns and stores at Bardia'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/5

1941 Oct 11

Press cutting, 'Commando is our Army's tough guy', in Daily Mirror. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/6

[1941 Nov]

Press cutting, 'Commando raid', by Evelyn Waugh, on a raid in Bardia, Libya. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/7

[1942]

Press cutting, 'Toughening Commando recruit under guards discipline: I watch rehearsals of all their arts of battle', by J E Sewell. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/8

[1942]

Press cutting, 'Nazi reverse in Tunisia'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/9

[1942]

Press cutting, 'Commandos went within 4 miles of Bizerta'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/10

[1942]

Press cutting, 'Men whom the Hun fears most'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/11

[1942]

Press cutting, 'Dead German's Libya letters', in Sunday Times. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/12

[1942]

Draft article by Geoffrey Parsons on an imaginary football match between the Commandos and the Brasshat Brigadiers, condensed from Our Time, London. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/13

21 Jan 1942

Press cutting, 'Admirals meet commander of Chinese forces in Burma somewhere in Shan States'. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/14

1942 Jul

Press cutting, 'Toughest job in the world' in The American Magazine. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/15

1942 Aug 16

Press cutting, 'Commandos 500 miles deep', in The Express. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/16

1942 Aug 24

Draft article on 'Discipline and morale: the need for a new spirit'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/17

1943 Jan 9

Press cutting, 'Raids "boyish escapades"', in The Bulletin. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/18

[1942 Jul]

Press cutting, 'Sir Roger Keyes attacks Whitehall', in Daily Telegraph. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/19

[1942 Jul]

Press cutting, 'Brass hats foil Commando plan for year', in the Daily Mirror. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/20

1942 Aug

Manuscript extract from an English newspaper on Commandos in Burma. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/21

[1943 Feb]

Press cutting of photographs of Commandos in Burma, in Rangoon Gazette. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/22

[1943 Feb]

Press cutting, 'Britons trek 430 miles to safety'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/23

[1943 Feb]

Press cutting, 'Commando all night march: Nazis balked in Tunisia'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/24

[1943 Feb]

Press cutting, 'Hero of hellfire pass, Crete and Abyssinia. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/25

1943 Sep 24

Press cutting, 'Allied troops near as Naples burns', in The Sheffield Telegraph. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/26

1943 [Sep]

Press cutting, '1,200 heroes named', listing awards including Laycock's DSO. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/27

[1943 Oct]

Press cutting, 'New leader of the Commandos had weird Salerno uniform'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/28

1943 Oct

Press cutting, 'Gen Laycock his father's son'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/29

[1943 Nov]

Press cutting, 'The toughest men'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/30

[1943 Nov]

Press cutting, 'New force, British Commandos, exacting standard, trained to the limit,' in Daily Express. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/31

1944 Mar 4

War, 'Salerno diary' by Capt H H Blissett, issued by the Army Bureau of current affairs. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/32

1944 Apr 1

Press cutting, 'Salute the soldier campaign', in St Marylebone, Paddington and the City of Westminster Record. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/33

1944 Jun

Aim containing article by Robert Edward Laycock, 'Combined Operations command'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/34

1944 Jun 11

Press cutting, 'General Laycock - profile', in The Observer. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/35

1944 Jun 12

Press cutting, 'The beachhead Alamo of the Rangers', by John Lardner in Newsweek. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/36

1944 Jun 20

Press cutting, 'In two blazing tanks' on Robert Edward Laycock's brother Maj Michael Hugh Laycock, who was killed in action, in the Star. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/37

1944 Sep 16

Press cutting, 'Let's lick Japan ourselves', in Washington Times-Herald. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/38

1944

Press cutting, 'How we landed Wingate's Army in the midst of Japs'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/39

[1945]

Draft article by Lt Col J M Dunning White, 'Farewell to the green beret' on the history of the Army Commandos. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/40

1945 Aug 31

Press cutting, 'Political workers as guests at Wiseton', in Retford, Gainsborough & Worksop Times. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/41

1945 Dec 8

Article, 'Farewell Commandos!' in Soldier. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/42

1946 Mar

Souvenir booklet 'The third jungle book', the magazine of 3 Commando Bde and map of the Myebon peninsular, Burma. 2 items


LAYCOCK 8/43

1946 Jun

The British Red Cross Junior Journal containing article by Robert Edward Laycock, 'A desert raid'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/44

1946 Nov 9

US Press cuttings on conferences in the United States including 'Laycock, British General, to confer here next week', in New York Herald Tribune; 'British Commando chief on secret US mission', in The Washington Post; and 'Closer US-England military link seen', in The Evening Star. 3 items


LAYCOCK 8/45

[1946]

Press cutting, 'Atom will not oust our infantry'. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/46

[1946]

Article by Godfrey Winn in Woman's Illustrated on meeting Robert Edward Laycock's wife Angela (née Dudley Ward) and her sister Penelope Dudley Ward. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/47

[1946]

Draft article for 'war supplement' on Special Service Brigade. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/48

1946 Dec 19

Press cutting photograph of Robert Edward Laycock in The Quantico Sentry. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/49

1947 May 31

Press cutting, 'The horse marine', on Laycock in the Yorkshire Post. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/50

[1947] Jul 1

Press cutting, 'The household cavalry', in the Windsor Express. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/51

1948 Feb 19

Press cutting, 'Bank post for lucky Laycock', in Star. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/52

1948 Sep 25

Press cutting on Cap John Hughes Hallet in the Daily Herald, mentioning Robert Edward Laycock. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/53

[1940-1943]

Draft article on Hilary Aidan St George Saunders, official chronicler of World War Two, at Combined Operations headquarters, London, by Evelyn Waugh. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/54

[1950-1959]

Script for a radio broadcast dramatisation, 'The twenty three brave men', part of the series 'Our day and age', on the Commando attempt to capture Gen Erwin Rommel from his Head Quarters, Nov 1941. 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/55

1958 Feb 10

Press cutting, 'War and peace', in The Nation. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/56

1958 Feb 10

Press cutting, 'Premier honours war dead in Taukkyan ceremony', in The Nation. (Oversize) 1 item


LAYCOCK 8/57

1942 Jul 15

Issue of Scottish Daily Express, including front page story, 'Egypt line holds: Rommel tank attack fails'. (Oversize) 1 item.

LAYCOCK 9 Memoirs and accounts of Commando actions, including parts of Robert Edward Laycock's memoirs and memoirs of members of 'G' Troop, 7 Commando, gathered by Mrs Cornell, mother of Capt Jocelyn Nicholls, killed in action, 1941


LAYCOCK 9/1/1

[1946-1968]

Manuscript notes and drafts by Robert Edward Laycock in preparation for writing his memoirs including notes on his early life, [1920-1929]; typescript notes on a yachting incident, (possibly by Laycock); account of the period in Cairo during the disbandment of LAYFORCE, Aug 1941; brief notes on LAYFORCE raids and map of Crete titled 'Aeronautical chart icao', scale 1:500,000, Geographical Section, General Staff no 4649, published by the War Office, 1955. 5 items


LAYCOCK 9/1/2

[1946-1968]

Parts of Robert Edward Laycock's memoirs including on the outbreak of World War Two, the forty one days Laycock spent behind enemy lines in North Africa with Sgt Jack Terry (with whom Laycock was trapped behind enemy lines) following Operation FLIPPER and description of Sir Walter Cowan. 3 items


LAYCOCK 9/1/3

[1946-1968]

Manuscript notes for part of Robert Edward Laycock's memoirs, including his appointment as General Staff Officer for chemical warfare, British Expeditionary Force, 1939 and volunteering for the Commandos. 3 items


LAYCOCK 9/2/1

[1945]

Memoirs of Sgt Pryde of 'G' Troop, 7 Commando on his service with the 204 Mission, Burma, 1941-1942 including on the death of Capt Jocelyn Nicholls. 1 item


LAYCOCK 9/2/2

1942 Sep 22

Newsletter by Rev and Mrs Loren Hanna, recounting their experiences running a Christian mission hospital on the Thai/Burmese border, describing their encounters with British Commandos. 1 item


LAYCOCK 9/2/3

[1945]

Memoirs of John Borthwick of 'G' Troop, 7 Commando, on raids on Bardia, Libya and the evacuation of Crete. 1 item


LAYCOCK 9/2/4

1945 Jan 22

Account of a prisoner of war march from Silesia by D Darque of 'G' Troop, 7 Commando, captured in Crete, 1941. 1 item


LAYCOCK 9/2/5

[1945]

Account of the 204 Mission, Burma, 1941-1942, by unknown author. 1 item


LAYCOCK 9/2/6

[1945]

Account of the evacuation of Crete by Sgt Charles Stewart, 7 Commando, who was captured in Crete. 1 item


LAYCOCK 10 Papers relating to Laycock's standing as Conservative parliamentary candidate for Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire, 1945 Apr-1947 Aug


LAYCOCK 10/1

1945 Apr-Nov

Papers on Robert Edward Laycock standing as Conservative parliamentary candidate for Bassetlaw in the 1945 general election including correspondence between Laycock and Prime Minister Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill on granting Laycock sufficient leave from his duties as Chief of Combined Operations to conduct an election campaign, Apr 1945; correspondence between Laycock and Maj Jack Holmes on the administration of Laycock's election campaign including expenses and press cutting from the Manchester Guardian relating to the announcement of Laycock's candidacy. 1 file


LAYCOCK 10/2

1947 Mar-Aug

Papers relating to Laycock's refusal to run as Conservative parliamentary candidate for Bassetlaw in the 1947 by election including correspondence with James Purdon Lewes Thomas, MP and Air Cdre Harold Peake. Also progress report of Bassetlaw Conservative and Unionist Association, 22 Jul 1947. 1 file


LAYCOCK 10/3

[1947-1949]

Transcripts and notes for speeches given by Robert Edward Laycock in support of John Irving, Conservative Party candidate for Bassetlaw, in the 1949 by election. 1 file


LAYCOCK 11 Malta. 1 file, 1959-1967


LAYCOCK 11/1

1959 May 12

Papers relating to the special convocation for conferring of the degree of doctor of laws on Sir Robert Edward Laycock by the Royal University of Malta, including programme and English translation of the Latin oration. 2 items


LAYCOCK 11/2

1967 Jan 25

Letter to the Times by Robert Edward Laycock on the slashing of defence expenditure in Malta. 1 item


LAYCOCK 11/3

1967

Address by Governor-General Sir Maurice Dorman at a Candlemas ceremony, Malta. 1 item


LAYCOCK 12 Poems, [1925-1968]


LAYCOCK 12

[1925-1968]

Manuscript poems by Robert Edward Laycock, chiefly on comic subjects. 1 file

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