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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Ismay
ISMAY, Gen Hastings Lionel, 1st Baron Ismay of Wormington
Created 1893-1965
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
26 boxes or 0.26 cubic metres


Administrative / Biographical history

Born in 1887; educated at Charterhouse and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned, 1905; joined 21 Cavalry (Frontier Force), 1907; served on North West Frontier of India, 1908; Captain, 1914; served in Somaliland, 1914-1920; Staff College, Quetta, 1922; Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General, Army Headquarters, India, 1923; RAF Staff College, Andover, 1924; Army Headquarters, India, 1925; Assistant Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1926-1930; Lt Col, 1931; Military Secretary to Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Earl of Willingdon, Viceroy of India, 1931-1933; Colonel, 1932; General Staff Officer Grade 1, War Office, 1933-1936; Deputy Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1936-1938; Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1938; Maj Gen, 1939;Chief of Staff to Minister of Defence (Rt Hon Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill), 1940-1945; Deputy Secretary (Military) to War Cabinet, 1940-1945; Lt Gen, 1942; Gen, 1944; Additional Secretary (Military) to the Cabinet, 1945; Chief of Staff of Viceroy of India (R Adm Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma), 1947; Chairman of Council, 1951 Festival of Britain, 1948-1951; Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, 1951-1952; Secretary General, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), 1952-1957; Vice-Chairman of North Atlantic Council, 1952-1956, Chairman of North Atlantic Council, 1956-1957; publication of The memoirs of General the Lord Ismay (Heinemann, London, 1960); died in 1965.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Placed in the Centre by the family in 1966, 1969 and 1970

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers relating to his life and career, 1917-1963, principally comprising official correspondence with Lt Gen M Brocas Burrows, British Military Mission, Moscow, 1944-1945, Gen Mark Wayne Clark, US Army, 1943-1944, 1951-1952, Maj Gen Richard Henry Dewing, UK Army and RAF Liaison Staff, Australia, 1943-1944, Maj Gen Gordon Edward Grimsdale, Military Attaché andhead of Military Mission to Chungking, China, 1942-1943, AF Sir Roger John Brownlow Keyes, Bt, Director of Combined Operations, War Office, 1940-1942, Lt Gen Sir Henry Pownall, South East Asia Command HQ, 1944-1945, Lt Gen Sir Harold Redman, British Joint Staff Mission, Washington DC, 1943-1944, AF Sir James Somerville, Commander-in-Chief Eastern Fleet, 1943-1947, and Maj Gen Sir Edward Spears, Minister to the Lebanon, 1940-1944, and Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer, US Army, Deputy Chief of Staff; South East Asia Command, 1944; personal correspondence with and about FM Lord Alanbrooke, 1946-1947, 1957-1963, FM Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, 1941-1961, and FM Archibald Percival Wavell, Viscount Wavell of Cyrenaica and of Winchester, 1943-1946; official andpersonal correspondence with Dwight David Eisenhower, 1942-1965, and AF Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, 1943-1954, 1960-1964; correspondence with publishers and colleagues, including Gen Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor; papers relating to India, 1947-1951, including his correspondence as Chief of Staff to Mountbatten, 1947, notes on interviews with Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahomed Ali Jinnah, 1947, letters describing the political situation in India, 1947-1948, and correspondence concerning compensation for Indian Government servants, 1948-1951; correspondence concerning the proposed defence reorganisation, 1955-1963; papers relating to his service as Secretary General, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), 1952-1957, including his official progress reports, 1952-1956; newspaper cuttings, statements to the press and texts of speeches and broadcasts, 1952-1957; papers relating to his memoirs, [1940-1960] including correspondence with publishers, 1960-1961, and colleagues, 1957-1960, notebooks, 1940-1960, and drafts and proofs, [1960]. newspaper cuttings, 1943, 1948, 1951-1952, 1957; texts of speeches, 1943-1958; correspondence relating to operations in Somaliland, 1917-1920; notes and papers relating to his studies at Staff College, Quetta and RAF Staff College, 1922-1924. Papers relating to Rt Hon Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill, 1940-1965, including personal correspondence with Churchill, 1940, 1943-1945, 1947-1964; correspondence relating to Churchill's memoir The Second World War (Cassell, London, 1948-1954), 1946-1956, including correspondence relating to Dieppe Raid, Aug 1942, dated 1950, and galley proofs, [1948-1954]. Printed material, 1941-1945, 1947, 1951, notably including copies of telegrams sent by Winston Churchill as Prime Minister, 1941-1942; minutes of Chiefs of Staff meetings, 1943-1944; minutes of Combined Chiefs of Staff meetings, 1943, 1945.

System of arrangement

Arranged in the following sections: personal papers, including speeches and material relating to Ismay's memoirs; papers relating to Churchill; subject files; special personal correspondence; general and miscellaneous correspondence; printed material.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

Summary guide entry and detailed catalogue available in the Centre's Reading Room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

Papers of ACM Sir William Elliot include correspondence with Ismay and his wife, 1959-1970,memoranda to Ismay, 1939-1940, and a photograph of Ismay with Elliot, [1952-1954] (Ref: GB99 KCLMA Elliot 1/2/1-5, 4/4/1-22, 8/4/5c). The Public Record Office holds correspondence and papers, 1922-1949 (Ref: CAB 127/1-56). The papers of Lionel George Curtis at Department of Western Manuscripts, Bodleian Library, Oxford University, include correspondence with Ismay, 1951-1952 (Ref: MSS Curtis, Eng hist b 224, c 776-877). The papers of Walter Turner Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley,also at the Bodleian Library, include correspondence with Ismay, 1947-1956 (Ref: Dep Monckton). The papers of Maj Gen Sir Edward Spears at the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, include correspondence with Ismay and his wife, 1940-1971 (Ref: SPRS 1/184). The papers of AF Louis (Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten, 1st Mountbatten of Burma, at University of Southampton Library include correspondence concerning the Dieppe raid, 1942 (Ref: MB1/B19), South East Asia Command, 1943-1946 (Ref: MB1/C145-147), India, 1947 (Ref: MB1/D196) and 1951-1952 (Ref MB1/G25), and Ismay's memoirs, 1961-1964 (Ref: MB1/J246), as well as personalcorrespondence, 1946-1948 (Ref: MB1/E83) and 1956-1959 (Ref: MB1/I2229). The papers of Col Charles William Garne Walker at the Rhodes House Library, Oxford University, contain correspondence with Ismay relating to East Africa, 1927-1935, (Ref: MSS Afr 57/7). Manuscripts Collection, British Library, includes correspondence with AF Roger John Brownlow Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes, 1941-1942. Nuffield College Library, Oxford University, has correspondence with Lord Cherwell (Ref: CSAC 80/4/81, 99/3/84). Special Collections, Birmingham University Library, has correspondence with Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon (Ref: AP 23/41). Charterhouse School has a collection of press cuttings. The papers of Col Robert Henriques at Reading University Library include eight letters from Ismay. The Liddle Collection, Leeds University holds photographs relating to the Somaliland campaign, 1914-1915.

Publication note

The following books all make substantial use of the Ismay papers: The worst disaster, the fall of Singapore by Raymond Callahan (University of Delaware Press, Newark and Associated University Press, London, 1977);Burma, 1942-1945 by Raymond Callahan (Davis Poynter, London, 1978); Shattered peace, the origins of the Cold War and the national security state by Daniel Yergin (Deutsch, London, 1978); Allies of a kind, the United States, Britain and the war against Japan, 1941-1945 by Christopher Thorne (Hamilton, London, 1978); 1941, Armageddon by Richard Collier (Hamilton, London, 1981); Churchill's Indian summer, the Conservative government, 1951-1955 by Anthony Selden (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1981); King George VI by Sara Bradford (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1989); Conscription and the Attlee governments, the politics and policy of national service, 1945-1951 by Leonard Victor Scott (Clarendon, Oxford, 1993); Dilemmas of appeasement, British deterrence and defense by Gaines Post (Cornell University Press and Ithaca, London, 1993); A world at arms, a global history of World War Two by Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994).



Compiled Jan 1997

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.


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  • Alliances
  • Amphibious warfare
  • Armed forces
  • Biographies
  • Colonial countries
  • Communication process
  • Conferences
  • Decolonization
  • Diplomacy
  • Documents
  • East West relations
  • Field work
  • Foreign relations
  • Group communication
  • Higher science education
  • History
  • Information sources
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Interviews
  • Literary forms and genres
  • Literature
  • Memoirs
  • Military education
  • Military engineering
  • Military history
  • Military missions
  • Military operations
  • Military organizations
  • Organizations
  • Political systems
  • Prose
  • Research work
  • State security
  • War
  • Warfare
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Auchinleck, Sir, Claude John Eyre, 1884-1981, Knight, Field Marshal
  • Brooke, Alan Francis, 1883-1963, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke of Brookeborough, Field Marshal
  • Burrows, M Brocas, fl 1944-1945, Lieutenant General
  • Churchill, Sir, Winston Leonard Spencer, 1874-1965, Knight, statesman
  • Clark, Mark Wayne, 1896-1984, US General
  • Dewing, Richard Henry, 1891-1981, Major General, diplomat
  • Eisenhower, Dwight David, 1890-1969, US President and General
  • Grimsdale, Gordon Edward, fl 1942-1943, Major General
  • Jinnah, Muhammed Ali, 1876-1948, Muslim politician and founder of Pakistan
  • Keyes, Roger John Brownlow, 1872-1945, 1st Baron Keyes of Zeebrugge and Dover, Admiral of the Fleet
  • Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, 1900-1979, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Admiral of the Fleet
  • Nehru, Jawaharlal, 1889-1964, Prime Minister of India
  • O'Connor, Sir, Richard Nugent, 1889-1981, Knight, General
  • Pownall, Sir, Henry Royds, 1887-1961, Knight, Lieutenant General
  • Redman, Sir, Harold, 1899-1986, Knight, Lieutenant General
  • Somerville, Sir, James Fownes, 1882-1949, Knight, Admiral of the Fleet
  • Spears, Sir, Edward Louis, 1886-1974, 1st Baronet, Major General
  • Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1883-1950, 1st Earl Wavell, Field Marshal
  • Wedermeyer, Albert C, fl 1944, US Lieutenant General

Corporate names

  • British Army
  • Casablanca Conference (1943)
  • Combined Chiefs of Staff
  • NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • RAF, Royal Air Force
  • Trident Conference, May 1943


  • Americas
  • British Somaliland
  • Caribbean
  • Chongqing, China, East Asia
  • Dieppe, France
  • India, South Asia
  • Lebanon, Middle East
  • Moscow, Russian Federation, Eastern Europe
  • Quetta, Pakistan, South Asia
  • Somalia, East Africa
  • USSR, Eastern Europe
  • Washington DC, USA, North America

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