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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Henniker
HENNIKER, Brig Sir Mark Chandos Auberon, Bt (1906-1991)
Created 1942-1945, [1983]
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1 file


Administrative / Biographical history

Born in 1906; educated at Marlborough College, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich and King's College, Cambridge; commissioned into Royal Engineers, 1926; Lt, 1927; served in India, 1928-1934, including Mohmand Campaign, 1933; Capt, 1936; served in UK, 1937-1939 and France, 1939-1940; Commander, Royal Engineers, 1 Airborne Div, 1942; served in North Africa, 1943, Italy, 1943, North West Europe, 1944-1945, and India, 1946-1947; publication of Memoirs of a junior officer (William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London, 1951); Commander, 63 Gurkha Infantry Bde, Malaya, 1952-1955; Brig, 1955; publication of Red shadow over Malaya (William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London, 1955); Commander, Royal Engineers, Egypt, 1956; publication of Life in the Army today (Cassell and Co, London, 1957; retired in 1958; Honorary Col, Parachute Engineer Regt, 1959-1968; Honorary Col, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 1964-1968; died in 1991.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Presented to the Centre by the family in 1992.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers, mostly photocopies, relating to Operation FRESHMAN, an abortive British-Norwegian assault on a heavy water plant at Vemork, Norway, Nov 1942, written in 1942-1945 and [1983], notably operation orders, Nov 1942; letter to Maj Pardon, dated Jul 1945, giving extracts from Henniker's report on the operation, written in [1942]; summary of information received about the movements of personnel from the crashed gliders, Jun 1945.

System of arrangement

1 file

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material
Mostly English, but some German (with English translation)
Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and published in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives


Compiled Mar 1997

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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  • Aircraft
  • Amphibious warfare
  • Armed forces
  • Chemical actions and uses
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Military engineering
  • Military operations
  • Military organizations
  • Operation Freshman (1942)
  • Organizations
  • Pharmaceutic aids
  • Special forces
  • Specialty uses of chemicals
  • State security
  • Vehicles
  • War
  • Warfare
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Pardon, fl 1945, Major


  • Vemork, Norway, Northern Europe

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