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Home|Liddell Hart Military Archives|The Collection|HAMILTON, Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith (1853-1947)|HAMILTON 7|7: Papers relating to service as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 1915 

HAMILTON, Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith (1853-1947)

Papers relating to service as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 1915

References on this page: HAMILTON: 7


HAMILTON: 7/1/1-53 Correspondence, 1915


HAMILTON: 7/1/1

1915 Mar 5-1915 Dec 8

Letters from Hamilton to Rt Hon Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill MP, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including Hamilton's notification by FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, of his command of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 10 Mar 1915; Hamilton's regret at Churchill's departure from the office of First Lord of the Admiralty, and Hamilton' s condemnation of AF John Arbuthnot Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher of Kilverstone, for Fisher's resignation as First Sea Lord, 26 May 1915; Hamilton's impressions of the Royal Naval Division (RND), 18 Jun 1915, with accompanying copy of letter from Maj Gen Archibald Paris, General Officer Commanding RND, requesting reinforcements for the RND, 15 Jun 1915; Hamilton's allegations regarding the activities and reporting of Ellis Ashmead Bartlett, war correspondent, 26 Jun 1915; Hamilton's interview with Kitchener, regarding Hamilton's future employment, and Hamilton's criticism of senior commanders at Gallipoli for their inclination towards evacuation of the peninsula, 8 Dec 1915. With manuscript letter from Churchill, 7 Jul 1915, informing Hamilton of two Territorial divisions and other reinforcements to be sent to Gallipoli, and of Churchill's increasing optimism that the Dardanelles Campaign would be successfully concluded. 1 file, 16 letters (Letters of 5 Mar-26 May 1915 are photocopies of originals held by Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge)


HAMILTON: 7/1/2

1915 Mar 9-1915 Aug 5

Correspondence between Hamilton and FM Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, Commander-in-Chief BEF, including Hamilton's decision that landing troops would be necessary to force the Dardanelles, 19 Mar 1915; Hamilton's account of the landings of 25 Apr, and his shortage of ammunition, 13 May 1915; Hamilton's difficulties in gaining ground on the peninsula and countering Turkish reinforcements, 17 Jun 1915. 1 file, 8 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/3

1915 Mar [12]

Manuscript letter from Lt Col William Sefton Brancker, Acting Director of Military Aeronautics, War Office, informing Hamilton of the decision of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, to send a squadron of aircraft of the Royal Naval Air Service to the Dardanelles. With Brancker's warning of the squadron's inexperience in reconnaissance, and his regret at not sending military squadrons due to the demands of the Western Front. 4pp


HAMILTON: 7/1/4

1915 Mar 15-1915 Sep 30

Letters sent by Hamilton to his wife Jean Miller Hamilton, mainly relating to the Dardanelles Expedition, including the despondency of his commanders in the face of the enemy, 29 Apr; that a fresh brigade would have ensured victory following the Gallipoli landings, 30 Apr; his appreciation of the support of Maj Gen Walter Pipon Braithwaite and his admiration of Maj Gen Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston as a commander, 3 May; his sadness at Rt Hon Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill MP, First Lord of the Admiralty, and Rt Hon Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane of Cloan, Lord High Chancellor, being forced from their posts, 20 May; the sinking of RN battleship HMS TRIUMPH, 24 May; his inspection of 52 (Lowland) Div, and the behaviour of AF John Arbuthnot Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher of Kilverstone, towards Churchill, 18 Jun; his denial of the allegations made by Capt Wadham Heathcote Diggle that staff of General Headquarters Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF), were living in luxury, 3 Jul; the failure of Lt Gen Sir Henry Crichton Sclater, Adjutant General, to keep 29 Div up to strength, 7 Jul. With letter from Maj Gen Edward Altham Altham, Inspector General of Communications MEF thanking Jean Hamilton for help received from her Dardanelles fund, and informing Hamilton of disciplinary action against Australian troops for revels in Greek villages, 26 Sep. 1 file, 24 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/5

1915 Mar 16-1915 Nov 22

Correspondence with active, retired and prospective officers and their relatives, seeking Hamilton's help with promotion, re-employment or commissions, mainly for service with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, including Lt Gen Robert George Broadwood; Maj Gen Hon John Edward Lindley; Maj Gen Edward Sinclair May; Brig Gen Edward Joshua Cooper; Brig Gen Edward Aickin William Stewart Grove; Col Reginald Walter Ralph Barnes; Lt Col James Bruce Jardine; Maj George William James Chandos Brudenell-Bruce, 6th Marquess of Ailesbury; Maj F R A N Knollys; Capt C B Norman; Capt Gawaine Basil Rowan-Hamilton; Lt Francis McCullagh; Hon Eustace (Edward) Fiennes MP; Frederic Spence Tatham. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/6

1915 Mar 18-1915 Nov 13

Typed copies of Hamilton's weekly letters, as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, to FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, reporting progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including the Allied naval bombardment of the Straits forts, 18 Mar; Hamilton's account of the first landings at V Beach, W Beach and ANZAC, 30 Apr; his anxieties over the leadership and morale of the French Corps Expéditionnaire d'Orient, 5 May; his shortage of artillery ammunition, and his requesting Kitchener to inspect operations at Gallipoli in person, 21 May; his account of the Suvla Bay landings, 11 Aug; his concerns over the transfer of troops from Gallipoli to Salonika, 29 Sep; his request to be re-employed following his recall to London, 13 Nov. 1 file, 38 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/7

1915 Mar 18-1915 Oct 6

Private correspondence between Hamilton and staff at the War Office, including Sir Reginald Herbert Brade, Secretary of the War Office, regarding the decision of Rt Hon Herbert Henry Asquith MP, Prime Minister, to advise against publication of Hamilton's despatch of 20 May on operations on Gallipoli, and the shortcomings of Sydney Alexander Moseley as a war correspondent with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF); Maj Gen John Steven Cowans, Quarter Master General, regarding appointment of an Inspector General of Communications to the MEF; Sir Charles Harris, Assistant Financial Secretary, regarding shortages of munitions; Maj Gen Sir Frederick Spender Robb, Military Secretary, regarding Hamilton's request for an additional military secretary for the MEF. 1 file, 18 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/8

1915 Mar 18-1915 Aug 5

Correspondence of V Adm John Michael de Robeck, including telegraph signal, 18 Mar 1915, from de Robeck to the Admiralty, reporting naval bombardment on the Dardanelles forts and loss of RN battleships HMS IRRESISTIBLE and HMS OCEAN, and French battleship BOUVET; letters, 18-19 Mar 1915, from de Robeck and R Adm Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, Senior Naval Officer, Mudros, to Hamilton, regarding the losses to the Allied fleet from mines; letter, 24 Mar 1915, from de Robeck to Hamilton, deprecating the insistence of the British authorities to hurry the Allied offensives in the Dardanelles; typed copy of telegram no 140, from Rt Hon Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill MP, First Lord of the Admiralty, to de Robeck, with appreciation of situation and urging de Robeck to consider renewal of naval attack, 25 Mar 1915; typed copy of telegram 278 from de Robeck to Churchill, suggesting that a combined operation should be considered, 26 Mar 1915; telegram from Hamilton to de Robeck, suggesting continuation of naval bombardment of forts while plans were made for landing troops [undated, 30 Mar 1915]; telegram from de Robeck, 23 Apr 1915, informing Hamilton that all arrangements had been made for landings on Gallipoli to proceed on 25 Apr 1915; telegram from Hamilton requesting de Robeck's decision to proceed or delay the Suvla Bay landings due to climatic conditions, 5 Aug 1915. 1 file, 19 items


HAMILTON: 7/1/9

1915 Mar 19-1915 Sep 23

Correspondence between Hamilton and Brevet Lt Col Clive Wigram, assistant private secretary and equerry to George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including letters from Hamilton regarding negotiations with the Turks for an armistice to bury Turkish dead near Anzac Cove, and his inclinations against Allied use of poison gas on Gallipoli, 25 May 1915; the failure to advance from Suvla Bay, 10 Aug 1915; the escape of a Turkish submarine beached near the French lines, and the lack of news regarding the fate of 5 Bn Norfolk Regt which disappeared during the advance of 12 Aug 1915 on Tekke Tepe, 2 Sep 1915; letter from Wigram regarding his anxieties over any introduction of compulsory military service. 2 Sep 1915. 1 file, 25 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/10

1915 Mar 25-1915 May 14

Correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF), including correspondence with W T Massey and Phillip Frederick Edward Schuler, war correspondents, seeking permission to accompany the MEF; Sir Henry George Outram Bax-Ironside, British Minister Plenipotentiary in Bulgaria, regarding the likelihood of Bulgaria joining the Entente powers; Lt Col Sir Mark Sykes MP, 6th Bt, regarding implications of the Dardanelles Expedition for future relations with France, Russia and Muslims. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/11

1915 Mar 25-1915 Sep 30

Letters from Hamilton to Rt Hon Herbert Henry Asquith MP, Prime Minister, relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including Hamilton's impressions of French and Australian troops and the Royal Naval Division, 25 Mar 1915; the casualties and accomplishments of 29 Div on Gallipoli, 7 Jul 1915; the problems of sickness among the troops, diversion of forces to Salonika, and the negative effect of the conversation and reports of Ellis Ashmead Bartlett, war correspondent, on morale, 30 Sep 1915. 1 file, 6 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/12

1915 Mar 27-1915 Sep 14

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Gen Sir James Wolfe Murray, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, and the performance of Hamilton's commanders on Gallipoli, including letter from Wolfe Murray, regarding lack of men for replacement drafts of 29 Div, shortages of ammunition and the related political activities of Rt Hon David Lloyd George MP, Minister of Munitions, and the associated criticism of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, by Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Baron Northcliffe of Thanet in Northcliffe's newspapers, 10 Jul 1915; Hamilton's letter regarding his relieving Lt Gen the Hon Sir Frederick William Stopford of command of 9 Corps, following the failure of the Suvla Bay landings, 16 Aug 1915. 1 file, 11 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/13

1915 Mar 28,1915 Apr 3

Letters from Hamilton to Edward Howard Marsh, private secretary to Rt Hon Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill MP, regarding Hamilton's offer to invite Rupert Chawner Brooke and Compton Mackenzie to join his staff with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 28 Mar 1915; Hamilton's inspection of the Royal Naval Division, and his meeting Brooke, then ill with sunstroke, and Brooke's decision to remain with his platoon, 3 Apr 1915. 1 file, 2 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/14

1915 Mar 31-1915 Sep 22

Correspondence between Hamilton and Rt Hon Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane of Cloan, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including letter from Haldane, explaining his reasons for resignation as Lord Chancellor, 23 May 1915; letter from Hamilton on the failure of the Suvla Bay landings, 19 Aug 1915. 1 file, 6 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/15

1915 Mar 31-1915 Oct 13

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Gen Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, General Officer Commanding in Egypt, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign and logistical arrangements between Egypt and the Dardanelles, including letters from Maxwell regarding the formation of an Egyptian Works Battalion for construction duties on Gallipoli, 13 May 1915; confusion between British and French naval commands over the Mediterrranean, 29 May 1915; capture of a Turkish military mission to Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Senoussi, 10 Aug 1915; Maxwell's shortage of troops in Egypt and his difficulties in sparing more for service on Gallipoli, 24 Sep 1915; letters from Hamilton relating to casualties in the Zion Mule Corps inflicted by ANZAC soldiers, believing them to be Turks, 15 Jul 1915; the failure of Suvla Bay landings, 17 Aug 1915; Hamilton's under strength divisions, and his allegations of wounded and sick officers malingering in Egypt, 1 Oct 1915. 1 file, 49 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/16

1915 Apr 1-1915 Dec 12

Correspondence with Lt Gen Sir William Riddell Birdwood, General Officer Commanding ANZAC, relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign and ANZAC operations, including letters from Birdwood proposing the main landing of troops on the Asiatic side of the straits, 1 Apr 1915; telegram regarding demoralization of his troops following shelling at Anzac Cove landing, 25 Apr 1915; Birdwood's schemes for an offensive in vicinity of Hill 971 (Koja Chemen Tepe), 18 Jul 1915; his failure to take and hold Chunuk Bair Ridge, 10 Aug 1915; his impressions of 29 Indian Infantry Bde, 20 Aug 1915; ANZAC intelligence bulletin with news of enemy troop movements and casualties gained from Turkish deserters, 22 Aug 1915; Birdwood's justification for the proposed evacuation of Anzac Cove following his meeting with FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, 12 Dec 1915; letters from Hamilton, including his telegram ordering Birdwood to dig in at Anzac Cove, 25 Apr 1915; Hamilton's deliberations over a proposed armistice for the burial of Turkish dead at Anzac Cove, 20 May 1915; his relieving Lt Gen the Hon Sir Frederick William Stopford of command of 9 Corps, following the failure of the Suvla Bay landings, 17 Aug 1915. 1 file, 47 letters [includes former catalogue no 15/10/43]


HAMILTON: 7/1/17

1915 Apr 7-1915 Jul 10

Letters from Hamilton to Maj Gen Gerald Francis Ellison, Deputy Quarter Master General Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, comprising his hopes to have Ellison appointed Inspector General of Communications, 11 Jun 1915; Hamilton's anger at criticism of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, made by Lt Col Charles à Court Repington and Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Baron Northcliffe of Thanet, 11 Jun; the arrival of Lt Gen the Hon Sir Frederick William Stopford in Gallipoli, and casualties suffered by 29 Div, 10 Jul 1915. 1 file, 3 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/18

1915 Apr 14-1915 Oct 12

Correspondence from Hamilton to his niece Janet Christina Monteith Leeper Hamilton, including on his meeting Rupert Chawner Brooke, poet, 14 Apr 1915; on the death of Brooke, 4 Jun 1915; on Turkish losses at Gallipoli and Hamilton's manuscript, 'War', 1 Jul 1915. 1 file, 5 letters (Includes three photocopied letters)


HAMILTON: 7/1/19

1915 Apr 22-1915 May 12

Manuscript letter to Hamilton from French Gen Albert d'Amade, General Officer Commanding French Corps Expéditionnaire d'Orient (CEO), praising Hamilton's special force order 'Soldiers of France and of the King' of 21 Apr 1915, issued by Hamilton to all troops prior to landings on Gallipoli, 22 Apr 1915; manuscript copy of letter from French Ministry of War, informing d'Amade of his recall from command of the CEO and his replacement by French Gen Henri Joseph Étienne Gouraud, 4 May 1915; typed copy of letter from Hamilton to d'Amade, regretting d'Amade's recall, 12 May 1915. 1 file, 3 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/20

[1915 Apr 25-1915 May 10]

Manuscript extract of letter from Capt Robert Dundas Whigham to Miss Dorothy Meredith, describing his landing with 'D' Company, 1 Bn King's Own Scottish Borderers (KOSB), at Y Beach, Gallipoli, 25 Apr; Turkish counter attacks, 25-26 Apr; breaking of KOSB line, retreat to Y Beach with heavy casualties, and re-embarkation on RN battleship HMS GOLIATH, 26 Apr. With two sketches of KOSB positions. 10pp


HAMILTON: 7/1/21

1915 Apr 27-1915 Oct 19

File of private correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, maintained by his Chief of Staff Maj Gen Walter Pipon Braithwaite, including correspondence between Hamilton, Braithwaite, FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, and Lt Gen Sir William Riddell Birdwood, regarding the appointment of Col James Gordon Legge, Chief of General Staff Australia, to command 1 Australian Div, ANZAC; telegram correspondence between Hamilton and Kitchener concerning shortages of artillery ammunition and possible use of poison gas by the Turks; memorandum from Maj Gen Granville George Algernon Egerton, General Officer Commanding 52 (Lowland) Div, regarding strength and constitution of his divisional units, 2 Jun; letter from Lt Gen Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston, General Officer Commanding 8 Corps, informing Braithwaite of his opinion of 52 Div units, 26 Jun; report of French Gen Maurice Camille Bailloud on activities of the French Corps Expéditionnaire d'Orient in the preceeding two weeks, 31 Aug. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/22

1915 May 20-1915 Jul 18

Correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF), including correspondence with Frederick Scott Oliver, on progress of the Dardanelles Expedition and criticism of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, published by Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Baron Northcliffe of Thanet; Lt Col Rt Hon Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough, regarding British Cabinet changes and the progress of the BEF in France; Herman Bernstein, editor of The Day, USA, regarding the performance of the Zion Mule Corps with the MEF. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/23

1915 May 24-1915 Oct 11

Correspondence between Hamilton and FM Paul Sanford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, Governor and Commander-in-Chief Malta, including Methuen's concern regarding rumours that medical care provided in Malta for the wounded and sick from Gallipoli was inadequate, 5 Jul 1915; the deficiences in the character of Lt Gen the Hon Sir Frederick William Stopford as a commander at the Suvla Bay landing, 18 Aug 1915; the attempts of Lt Col George Kemp, 1st Baron Rochdale, and Lt Col Rt Hon Bernard Arthur William Patrick Hastings Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, to leave the Dardanelles and return to England, 25 Aug 1915; Hamilton's suggestion that the diagnosis of enteric fever rather than diarrhoea by medical staff be forbidden due to its effect on the morale of the sick, 23 Sep 1915; Hamilton's assessment of the physique of many Territorial soldiers as undersized, 11 Oct 1915. 1 file, 16 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/24

1915 May 26-1915 Oct 4

File of semi-official correspondence of Lt Col Stephen Hungerford Pollen, Assistant Military Secretary, General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF), with the War Office and other officers of the MEF, relating to appointments of officers and decorations for service with the MEF, including request from Maj Gen Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston to be appointed substantive Lieutenant General, 6 Jul; farewell letter from Hunter-Weston, following his being invalided due to sickness, 22 Jul; request from Lt Gen Sir William Riddell Birdwood for new aide-de-camp following the death of Lt Brian Walton Onslow, 31 Jul; correspondence with Maj Gen William Eliot Peyton, General Officer Commanding 2 Mounted Div regarding confirmation of the death of Brig Gen Thomas Pakenham, 5th Earl of Longford, while commanding 2 (South Midland) Mounted Bde at Scimitar Hill, 21 Aug. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/25

1915 May 29-1915 Nov 19

Correspondence between Hamilton and Theodore Roosevelt, including Roosevelt's hopes for the fall of Constantinople, 29 May 1915; his belief in the ultimate victory of the Allies over the Germans, 28 Oct 1915. 1 file, 4 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/26

1915 Jun 8-1915 Oct 15

Correspondence between Hamilton and Gen Sir (Francis) Reginald Wingate, Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and Governor General of Sudan, mainly relating to the transfer of Egyptian Army officers to serve at Gallipoli, and the return of the Egyptian Works Battalion to Egypt, following incidents of insubordination and mutiny while serving with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. 1 file, 12 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/27

1915 Jun 15-1915 Aug 8

Correspondence with relatives of soldiers relating to their requests for news of Lt George Calderon, 9 Bn Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, attached to King's Own Scottish Borderers; Pte Ernest Pepper, 9 Bn Manchester Regt; Pte James Albert Mills, 10 Bn Manchester Regt; Pte Atherton O Archer, 5 (Victoria) Bn, ANZAC. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/28

1915 Jun 22-1915 Jun 25

Correspondence relating to the death of Lt John Hugh Allen, 13 Bn Worcestershire Regt, attached 1 Bn Essex Regt, 29 Div, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, on 6 Jun 1915 south of Krithia, Gallipoli, including copy telegrams from Hamilton and Lt Gen Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston to Allen's father, the Hon James Allen, Minister of Defence, New Zealand. 1 file, 4 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/29

1915 Jun 23-1915 Sep 8

Correspondence with Gen Sir Beauchamp Duff, Commander-in-Chief India, relating to Hamilton's praise of the action of the 14th Sikhs at the Third Battle of Krithia on 4 Jun 1915, and his requests for further drafts of Indian troops. 1 file, 3 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/30

1915 Jul 8

Manuscript letter received by Hamilton from Kemal Husny of the Turkish liberal opposition in Athens, Greece, suggesting closer cooperation between Hamilton and the Turkish liberal opposition under Prince Sabaheddine, to undermine the Turkish Government. 3pp


HAMILTON: 7/1/31

1915 Jul 10

Manuscript letter to Hamilton from Rt Hon Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Landsdowne, member of the Dardanelles Committee, with congratulations on achievements, promises to provide further help, regrets on continued neutrality of Balkan states, and introducing Lt Col Frederick Cunliffe-Owen, former military attaché at Constantinople. With annotations by Hamilton. 2pp


HAMILTON: 7/1/32

1915 Jul 10-1915 Aug 3

Correspondence between Hamilton and Col Herman Le Roy-Lewis, Military Attaché, British Embassy, Paris, France, including Hamilton's letter praising the cooperation he received from the French Generals in the Dardanelles, 20 Jul 1915; letter from Lewis relaying the attitudes of the French Government and public towards the Gallipoli Campaign, 3 Aug 1915. 1 file, 3 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/33

1915 Jul 11-1915 Aug 26

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Gen Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston, General Officer Commanding 8 Corps, regarding Hamilton's request for the destruction of a letter sent by Hunter-Weston to Lt Col Hon Eustace Edward Fiennes MP, on the progress of the Gallipoli Campaign, 11-13 Jul 1915; letter from Hunter-Weston informing of his illness and convalescence, and of his discussion with George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland, regarding the Dardanelles Campaign when he was invested as a Knight Commander of the Bath, 11 Aug 1915; Hamilton's account of the failure of troops landed at Suvla Bay on 6 Aug to advance, 26 Aug 1915. 1 file, 6 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/34

1915 Jul 11-1915 Aug 28

Correspondence between Hamilton and Rt Hon William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, including Selborne's letter notifying Hamilton of the formation of the Dardanelles Committee, and requesting full and frank reports of the progress of the campaign, 11 Jul 1915; Selborne's recommendation that Hamilton mention neither dates nor locations for planned operations in Gallipoli in communications with the Government to avoid the possibility of leaks, 7 Aug 1915. 1 file, 4 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/35

1915 Jul 13-1915 Sep 17

Correspondence between Hamilton and Col Rt Hon Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, Chairman of the Lancashire Territorial Association, mainly relating to Derby's attempts to secure further Territorial drafts for the 42 (East Lancashire) Div in Gallipoli. With associated correspondence between Maj Gen William Douglas, General Officer Commanding 42 Div, and Col Robert C Winder, Secretary of the East Lancashire Territorial Association. 1 file, 12 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/36

1915 Jul 14,1915 Jul 23

Correspondence between Hamilton and Gen Count Luigi Cadorna, Chief of the Italian General Staff, introducing Capt Glyn, British General Staff, to act as a liaison officer between Headquarters staff of the Allied armies. 1 file, 2 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/37

1915 Jul 20-1915 Sep 13

Correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF), including correspondence with Maj Gen Henry de Beauvoir de Lisle, General Officer Commanding 29 Div, sympathising with de Lisle's casualties of 88 Bde during action at Helles front, 6-7 Aug 1915; Lt Col Frederick Cunliffe-Owen, regarding Cunliffe-Owen's request to be given a post in the administration of Constantinople should the city fall to the MEF; Brig Gen Charles Roderick Robert McGrigor, MEF Base Commandant, on dealing with officers of the MEF using language likely to cause despondency or alarm; Lt Compton Mackenzie, Royal Naval Division, on Mackenzie's illness. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/38

1915 Jul 20-1915 Nov 6

Correspondence between Hamilton and French Gen Henri Joseph Étienne Gouraud, including Hamilton's letter to Gouraud's wife on the injury sustained to Gouraud's arm, 20 Jul 1915; awards of British medals to French officers and men for service in Gallipoli, and Hamilton's account of recent operations, including the failure of his subordinate commanders to advance from Suvla Bay and to hold Tekke Tepe and the Sari Bair range, 17 Aug 1915. 1 file, 5 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/39

1915 Aug 12

Postcard received by Hamilton from French Gen Maurice Camille Bailloud, General Officer Commanding French Corps Expéditionnaire d'Orient, at Sedd-el-Bahr, stating his intent to continue fighting alongside the British. 1 file, 1 letter


HAMILTON: 7/1/40

1915 Aug 15-1915 Sep 27

Correspondence with Lt Col Rt Hon Bernard Arthur William Patrick Hastings Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, commanding 5 Bn The Royal Irish Regt, relating to Granard's letter to Hamilton of 15 Aug 1915, stating that he disagreed with the conduct of the Gallipoli Campaign, and had made his views known to George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland and fellow Privy Councillors (not named), and offering to resign. With letter from Brevet Lt Col Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, Personal Military Secretary to FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, regarding reception of Granard's opinion in Great Britain, 6 Sep 1915. 1 file, 7 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/41

1915 Aug 18,1915 Aug 24

Correspondence between Hamilton and Col Sir (Arthur) Henry McMahon, High Commissioner for Egypt, regarding the failure of the attempted advance from Suvla Bay, and the continuing sickness of Maj Hon Charles Clive Bigham, Provost Marshal, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. 1 file, 2 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/42

1915 Aug 23,1915 Oct 6

Correspondence between Hamilton and Rt Hon Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro-Ferguson, Governor General of Australia, comprising Munro-Ferguson's letter regarding the nomination of Maj Gen James Gordon Legge and Brig Gen Henry George Chauvel to divisional commands within ANZAC, and the necessity of appointing senior Australian officers for political support of the Gallipoli Campaign in Australia, 23 Aug 1915; Hamilton's reply relating his difficulties in selecting Australian officers for senior staff and field commands, 6 Oct 1915. 1 file, 2 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/43

1915 Sep 3-1915 Oct 4

Correspondence with Lt Gen Sir Edward Altham Altham, Inspector General of Communications, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, mainly relating to the establishment by Mrs Ada Sybil Vans Agnew of a depot at Mudros Harbour, to distribute gifts to troops donated through Lady Hamilton's Dardanelles Fund. 1 file, 7 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/44

1915 Sep 9-1915 Nov 30

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Col Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence, including Hankey's suggestions for the failure of the Suvla Bay landings, 9 Sep 1915; Hamilton's anger at the retention in Egypt of troop drafts meant for Gallipoli, 30 Nov 1915. 1 file, 3 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/45

1915 Sep 13-1915 Oct 12

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Col Rt Hon Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham, private secretary to George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland, mainly relating to the progress of the Dardanelles Campaign, including letter from Hamilton on the circumstances of his dismissal of Ellis Ashmead Bartlett, war correspondent, from Gallipoli, 12 Oct. 1 file, 5 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/46

1915 Sep 14-1915 Oct 10

Correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, including correspondence with Lt Gen Sir Francis John Davies, relating to Davies' proposition that Col Archibald Paris, commanding Royal Naval Division, be promoted Major General; Rt Hon Sir James Rennell Rodd, British Ambassador to Italy, regarding the value of the Italian military attaché to Hamilton's staff; Hamilton's circular memorandum to medical officers and nurses on hospital ships, ordering them to maintain the morale of their patients. With Australia's dead. Alma mater and the war by H B Allen (reprinted from The Speculum, Melbourne, 1915). 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/47

1915 Sep 19-1915 Oct 15

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Gen Hon Sir Julian Hedworth George Byng, General Officer Commanding 9 Corps, including Byng's request for increases in food rations, 16 Sep 1915; Hamilton's decision not to supply tinned fish due to risk of ptomaine poisoning, 19 Sep 1915; Hamilton's reassurance that difficulties faced by 9 Corps were represented to FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, 30 Sep 1915; Hamilton's recommendation that Byng adopt methods of 52 (Lowland) Div for extermination of flies, 8 Oct 1915; Hamilton's anger at the diversion in Egypt of troop drafts meant for Gallipoli to Salonika, 9 Oct 1915. 1 file, ll letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/48

1915 Sep 30,1915 Oct 1

Correspondence between Hamilton and Lt Gen Sir Francis John Davies, General Officer Commanding 8 Corps, regarding Hamilton representing the difficulties of shortages and sickness of troops faced by 8 Corps to FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War. 1 file, 2 letters


HAMILTON: 7/1/49

1915 Oct 9

Letter from Hamilton to Maj Gen William Douglas, General Officer Commanding 42 (East Lancashire) Div, expressing his admiration for 6 Bn The Manchester Regt, and referring to an incident on 8 Oct 1915 when Hamilton and Lt Gen Sir William Riddell Birdwood became lost in trenches at Suvla and were nearly shot by a Turkish sniper. 2pp


HAMILTON: 7/1/50

1915 Oct 10-1915 Dec 20

Correspondence of Hamilton as General Officer Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, including correspondence with William St John Fremantle Brodrick, 9th Viscount Midleton, regarding the illness of his son Lt Hon George St John Brodrick; Hamilton's letter to Hon Eustace (Edward) Fiennes MP, regarding the reasons for Hamilton's recall from the Dardanelles, 26 Oct; letter from Lt Col Edward Bailey Ashmore, Royal Flying Corps, regarding progress of the air war in France, 9 Nov; letter from Wladimir Jabotinsky, seeking Hamilton's support in persuading the War Office to convert the Zion Mule Corps into a fighting unit, 16 Nov. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/51

1915 Oct 17-1915 Dec 5

Correspondence mainly with officers of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, mostly comprising letters of regret on Hamilton's recall from Gallipoli on 17 Oct, including from FM Paul Sanford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, Governor and Commander-in-Chief Malta; Lt Gen Sir William Riddell Birdwood, General Officer Commanding ANZAC; Lt Gen Sir Edward Altham Altham, Inspector General of Communications; Maj Gen Alexander John Godley, General Officer Commanding New Zealand and Australian Div; Maj Gen Henry de Beauvoir de Lisle, General Officer Commanding 29 Div; Maj Gen Gerald Francis Ellison, Deputy Quarter Master General; Maj Gen Hon Herbert Alexander Lawrence, General Officer Commanding 52 (Lowland) Div; Maj Gen Frederick Stanley Maude, General Officer Commanding 13 (Western) Div; Maj Gen Archibald Paris, General Officer Commanding Royal Naval Division; Maj Gen William Douglas, General Officer Commanding 42 (East Lancashire) Div; Brig Gen Henry George Chauvel; Cdre Oliver Backhouse, commanding 2 Bde, Royal Naval Division. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/52

1915 Oct 20-1915 Dec 21

Letters of support from well-wishers received by Hamilton on his arrival in England after recall from Gallipoli, including from Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey; Rt Hon Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher; Rt Hon Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane of Cloan; William St John Fremantle Brodrick, 9th Viscount Midleton; FM Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, Commander-in-Chief BEF; Lt Gen Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston; Brig Gen Samuel Henry Winter; Capt George Price Webley Hope RN, commanding Battleship HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH; Capt Walter Henry Cowan RN, commanding Battlecruiser HMS PRINCESS ROYAL; Col Sir Neville Francis Fitzgerald Chamberlain; Brevet Lt Col Clive Wigram; Sir Charles Harris, Assistant Financial Secretary, War Office; Hon Eustace (Edward) Fiennes MP; Leopold Stennett Amery MP; Frederick Scott Oliver. 1 file


HAMILTON: 7/1/53

1915 Nov 25-1915 Dec 9

Correspondence with Rt Hon George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston, Lord Privy Seal, including Hamilton's letter, 9 Dec 1915, regarding his orders from FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War, on 25-26 Aug 1915 to discuss the military situation at Gallipoli with his generals and submit a report to Kitchener, and his belief that the uncensored despatch of the Australian journalist Keith Arthur Murdoch was a device used to remove Hamilton from command of the campaign. 1 file, 3 letters

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