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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Hahn
Title
HAHN, Professor Dr Otto (1879-1968)
Date(s)
Created 1945
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1 file and 1 volume

Context

Name of creator(s)
Hahn, Otto, 1879-1968, chemist
Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1879; educated at Klinger Oberrealschule, Frankfurt, University of Marburg an der Lahn andUniversity of Munich, Germany; Doctor of Philosophy in organic chemistry, 1901; military service with 81 Infantry Regt, Frankfurt, Germany, 1901-1902; Assistant to Professor Theodor Zincke, 1902-1904; Sir William Ramsay's Institute, University College London, 1904-1905; discovered Radiothorium, 1905; works with Professor Ernest Rutherford, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 1905-1906; discovered Radioactinium, 1906; joins Emil Fischer's Institute, Berlin, Germany, 1906-1907; discovered Mesothorium, 1907; Lecturer in Chemistry, University of Berlin, Germany, 1907; Professor, 1910; Member of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Chemistry, 1912; served in German Army Engineering Corps, Western Front, World War One, 1914-1918; discovered, with Lise Meitner, radioactive metallic element Protactinium, 1918; discovered Uranium-Z, the first nuclear isomer, 1922; awarded Emil Fischer Medal by Society of German Chemists, 1922; Direktor, Kaiser Wilhelm Institut für Chemie, Berlin-Dahlem, 1928; Visiting Professor, Cornell University, Ithaca, NewYork, USA, 1933; awarded Canizzaro Prize by Royal Academy of Science, Rome, Italy, 1938; announcement, with Fritz Strassman, of fission of Uranium, 1939; awarded Copernicus Prize by the University of Königsberg, 1941; awarded Cothenius Medal by German Academy of Naturalists, 1943; arrested by Allied forces and interned in UK, 1945; awarded 1944 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, 1945;President, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft), 1946-1960; awarded Golden Paracelsus Medal from the Swiss Chemical Society, 1953; awarded Faraday Medal by the British Chemical Society, 1956; Hon President, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Göttingen, 1960-1968; Hon Fellow, University College London, 1968; died 1968.Publications: Was lehrt uns die Radioaktivität über die Geschichte der Erde? (Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1926); Applied Radiochemistry (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA, 1936); Natürliche und künstliche Umwandlungen der Atomkerne (Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut, Rome, 1941); Umwandlungen der chemischen Elemente und die Zerspaltung des Urans (Chalmerstekniska Högskola Handlingar, Göteborg, Sweden, 1944); Künstliche Atomumwandlungen und die Spaltung schwerer Kerne (German Scientific Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 1944); Die Kettenreaktion des Urans und ihre Bedeutung (Deutscher Ingenieur-Verlag, Düsseldorf, Germany, 1948); New atoms. Progress and some memories (Elsevier, New York, USA, 1950); Nutzbarmachung der Energieder Atomkerne (Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany, 1950); Atomenergie und Frieden by Lise Meitner and Hahn (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), Vienna, Austria, 1954); Cobalt 60. Gefahr oder Segen für die Menschheit (Musterschmidt Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Göttingen, Germany, 1955); Vom Radiothor zur Uranspaltung (Friedrich Vieweg and Son, Braunschweig, Germany, 1962); Otto Hahn: a scientific autobiography (MacGibbon and Kee, London, 1967); Mein Leben (Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1968); My life, translated by Ernst Kaiser and Eithne Wilkins (Macdonald, London, 1970).

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Was lehrt uns die Radioaktivität über die Geschichte der Erde? (Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1926); Applied Radiochemistry (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA, 1936); Natürliche und künstliche Umwandlungen der Atomkerne (Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut, Rome, 1941); Umwandlungen der chemischen Elemente und die Zerspaltung des Urans (Chalmers tekniska Högskola Handlingar, Göteborg, Sweden, 1944); Künstliche Atomumwandlungen und die Spaltung schwerer Kerne (German Scientific Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 1944); Die Kettenreaktion des Urans und ihre Bedeutung (Deutscher Ingenieur-Verlag, Düsseldorf, Germany, 1948); New atoms. Progress and some memories (Elsevier, New York, USA, 1950); Nutzbarmachung der Energie der Atomkerne (Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany, 1950); Atomenergie und Frieden by Lise Meitner and Hahn (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), Vienna, Austria, 1954); Cobalt 60. Gefahr oder Segen für die Menschheit (Musterschmidt Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Göttingen, Germany, 1955); Vom Radiothor zur Uranspaltung (Friedrich Vieweg and Son, Braunschweig, Germany, 1962); Otto Hahn: a scientific autobiography (MacGibbon and Kee, London, 1967); Mein Leben (Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1968); My life, translated by Ernst Kaiser and Eithne Wilkins (Macdonald, London, 1970).

Presented to the Centre by Jean Loudon in 1999 and 2001

Content & structure

Scope and content

Typescript text in German entitled 'Beziehungen zu Nichtariern' ('Relationships with non-Aryans'), dated Jul 1945, relating to the treatment of Otto Hahn's Jewish friends and colleagues in Germany, 1933-1945. Also a copy of his biography, Mein Leben (Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1968).

System of arrangement

2 items

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material
German.
Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and published in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals
King's College London College Archives

Notes

Note
Compiled Aug 1999

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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Subjects

  • Antisemitism
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Jews
  • Racial discrimination
  • Religion
  • Religious groups
  • Scientific personnel
  • Scientists
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Places

  • Germany

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