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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Douglas-Scott-Montagu
DOUGLAS-SCOTT-MONTAGU, Brig Gen John Walter Edward, 2nd Baron
Created 1910-1928, 1948, 1987
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
8.5 boxes or 0.085 cubic metres


Administrative / Biographical history

Born in 1866; educated at Eton and New College, Oxford; worked for London and South Western Railway Company; MP (Conservative) for New Forest Division, Hampshire, 1892-1905; commissioned in 4 Volunteer Bn, Hampshire Regt, 1896; commanded 4 Volunteer Bn, Hampshire Regt, 1904-1912; commanded 2 Bn, 7 Hampshire Regt, Egypt, 1914, and India, 1915; Inspector of Mechanical Transport to Government of India, 1915-1917; Adviser on Mechanical Transport Services in India, 1917-1919; member of Joint War Air Committee (Inter-Departmental Committee on the Air Service), 1916; India Office representative, Civil Aerial Transport Committee chaired by Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, 1917; President, Air Conference, Guildhall, London, 1920; died in 1929.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Placed in the Centre by the family in 1965, 1973 and 1979. A further accession was made in 1988.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers relating to aviation and transport, dated 1910-1928, principally comprising papers relating to Joint War Air Committee (Inter-Departmental Committee on the Air Service) chaired by Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, 1916, Committee on the Administration and Command of the Royal Flying Corps, 1916, and Air Boards chaired by Weetman Dickinson Pearson, 1st Viscount Cowdray, 1917, and George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston, [1916]; correspondence, 1915-1916, 1920, notably including correspondence with Herbert Henry Asquith, 1916, Curzon, 1916, Derby, 1916, the Imperial Defence Committee, 1916, the Parliamentary Aviation Committee, and George Sydenham Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe, 1916; printed books, pamphlets, memoranda, notes and texts by Douglas-Scott-Montagu and others, 1910-1920, mainly relating to aviation technology, anti-aircraft defence and the organisation of the air services; memoranda, official reports, notes and texts relating to his work as Adviser on Mechanical Transport Services to the Government of India, 1915-1919; manuscript account of service of No 1 Armoured Motor Unit, North West Frontier, India, 1915-1916, by Capt A J Clifton, 68 Durham Light Infantry, 1915-1916, dated 1917, including photographs and preface by Montagu. Other papers relating to his life and career, 1914-1926, dated 1914-[1926], 1948, principally comprising letters relating to his service with 7 Hampshire Regt in Egypt, 1914, and India, 1915; photographs and photographic negatives, 1915-1922, mainly relating to his service in India, 1915-1919. Typescript draft of A strange war. Burma, India and Afghanistan, 1914-1919 (Sutton, Gloucester, 1988), an account of 2/5 Bn, Somerset Light Infantry and 2 Mechanical Transport Company by Chris P Mills, based on the recollections of Col B G L Rendall, the diary of Edward William Ewens and research into the Montagu papers, dated 1987.

System of arrangement

Arranged by accession. The first accession is divided into the following sections: Derby Joint War Air Committee; Committee on the Administration and Command of the Royal Flying Corps and related papers; Curzon Air Board; Cowdray Air Board; printed books, manuals and pamphlets; technical notes, papers and memoranda. The second accession consists of: correspondence; speech notes; memoranda, mainly on Indian transport systems; photographs. The third accession has not yet been sorted.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material

Mainly English, but one item in Italian

Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Existence and location of copies

Central Library Gillingham holds copies of some of the papers relating to his service with the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service in Kent during World War One.

Related units of description

Additional papers are held at Beaulieu Palace House Archives, Beaulieu, and the Reference Library, National Motor Museum, Beaulieu. The papers of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penhurst, at Cambridge University Library include correspondence 1915-1918. The papers of Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, at British Library include correspondence, 1908-1921 (Ref: Add MS 62165).

Publication note

'Documents relating to the Naval Air Service' Publications of the Navy Records Society vol 113 ([London], Royal Naval Society, 1969), edited by Capt Stephen Wentworth Roskill, contains material from the Douglas-Scott-Montagu papers.



Decorations: KCIE, CSI

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.


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  • Air transport
  • Anti-aircraft defence
  • Armed forces
  • Armoured forces
  • Defence
  • Diaries
  • Documents
  • Government
  • Information sources
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Literary forms and genres
  • Literature
  • Mechanical transport
  • Memoirs
  • Military aviation
  • Military organizations
  • Nonfiction
  • Organizations
  • Photographs
  • Primary documents
  • Prose
  • Public administration
  • State security
  • Transport
  • Visual materials
  • War
  • Wars (events)
  • World War One (1914-1918)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Asquith, Herbert Henry, 1852-1928, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, statesman
  • Clarke, George Sydenham, 1848-1933, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe, civil servant
  • Clifton, A J, fl 1915-1916, Captain
  • Curzon, George Nathaniel, 1859-1925, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
  • Ewens, Edward William, fl 1914-1918
  • Mills, Chris P, fl 1987-1988
  • Pearson, Weetman Dickinson, 1856-1927, 1st Viscount Cowdray
  • Rendall, B G L, fl 1914-1919, Colonel
  • Stanley, Edward George Villiers, 1865-1948, 17th Earl of Derby

Corporate names

  • British Army
  • Indian Government
  • RAF, Royal Air Force
  • Royal Flying Corps


  • Afghanistan, Middle East
  • Egypt, North Africa
  • India, South Asia
  • Myanmar, South East Asia
  • Northwest Frontier, Pakistan, South Asia

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