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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Alexander
Title
ALEXANDER, Maj Gen Henry Templer (1911-1977)
Date(s)
Created 1960-1970
Level of description
collection level
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1Ā½ boxes or 0.015 metres cubed

Context

Name of creator(s)

Alexander, Henry Templer, 1911-1977, Major General

Administrative / Biographical history

Born 1911; educated at Sedbergh School, Yorkshire and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1931; service with 1 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1931-1938; Lt, 1934; Capt, 1939; Instructor, Royal Military College, Sandhurst, 1939-1940; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; service in North Africa, Italy, India, Burma and North West Europe, 1939-1945; temporary Maj, 1940-1941; Bde Maj, 1941-1942; General Staff Officer 2, Combined Operations Headquarters, 1942; General Staff Officer 2 (Staff Duties), Allied Forces Headquarters, 1942-1943; War Substantive Maj, 1943; awarded MBE, 1943; temporary Lt Col, 1943-1944; Commanding Officer, 2 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Italy, 1944; War Substantive Lt Col, 1944; Col, Operations Staff of Maj Gen Orde Charles Wingate for second Chindit expedition, Operation THURSDAY, Burma, 1944; acting Brig, 1944; awarded OBE, 1945; General Staff Officer 1, 1945-1946; Maj, 1946; Chief Instructor, School of Combined Operations, 1946-1947; General Staff Officer 1 (Operations), Hong Kong, 1948-1950; General Staff Officer 1 (Directing Staff), Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, 1950-1952; Brevet Lt Col, 1951; Lt Col, 1953; Col, 1954; Commanding Officer, 1 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1954-1955; commanded 26 Gurkha Infantry Bde, 1955-1957; temporary Brig, 1955-1958; awarded DSO, 1957; Senior Instructor, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, 1958; Brig, 1959; Brig General Staff, Department of the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, War Office, 1959; Imperial Defence College, 1959; awarded CBE, 1960; Chief of Defence Staff, Ghana, 1960-1961; commanded Ghanian contingent, UN Forces, Belgian Congo, 1960-1961; awarded CB, 1961; Chief of Staff, Northern Command Headquarters, York, 1962-1965; retired, 1965; British Observer, International Observer Team on Genocide, Nigeria, 1968; Col, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1969-1974; died 1977. Publications: African tightrope. My two years as Nkrumah's Chief of Staff (Pall Mall Press, London, 1965).

Archival history

none

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

African tightrope. My two years as Nkrumah's Chief of Staff (Pall Mall Press, London, 1965).

Placed in the Centre by the family in 1982.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers relating to Alexander's service as Chief of Defence Staff, Ghana, 1960-1961, including correspondence from AVM Henry Algernon Vickers Hogan, Headquarters Flying Training Command, RAF, on the training of Ghanaian pilots, Aug 1960; correspondence, reports and notes on the creation of an African High Command, following a decision taken in Casablanca, Morocco to form a Charter of African States, signed by Algeria, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Morocco, Tunisia and the United Arab Republic, 1960, including typescript 'Brief for President on situation in the Congo and the role of an African High Command'. Dec 1960; correspondence with Air Cdre John Nicholas Haworth Whitworth, Air Chief of Staff, Ghana Air Force, Jan-Aug 1961; typescript 'Russian report on Ghana armed services', 1961; typescript memoranda by Alexander and by Air Cdre Whitworth, on the Soviet report on the Ghana armed forces, May-Jun 1961; typescript memorandum by Alexander to Dr Kwame Nkrumah, President of the Republic of Ghana, expressing concern on the plan to send Ghanaian cadets to the USSR for military training, Sep 1961. Papers relating to the Ghanaian Army's involvement in UN peacekeeping duties in the Congo, 1960-1961, including typescript 'Notes on non-military briefing for senior officers of the UN force in the Congo' by Ralph Johnson Bunche, Special Representative of the Secretary General of the UN, Jul 1960; typescript press releases on the crisis in the Congo, Jul 1960, typescript correspondence with Brig Joseph E Michel, commanding UN Ghanaian Bde, Congo, Aug 1960-Feb 1961; typescript 'Report on disturbances at Tshikapa on 18/19 Jan 1961' by Brig Joseph E Michel, commanding Ghana Bde, Congo, relating to the mutiny of troops of 3 Bn, The Ghana Regt; typescript 'Report of the evacuation of the Hon Mr Welbeck from the Congo' (Hon Nathanial Welbeck, Ghanaian diplomat), Nov 1960; typescript 'Report on visit to the Congo', by Alexander, Feb 1961. Papers relating to Alexander's dismissal as Chief of Defence Staff, Ghana, and to the removal of British personnel from the Ghana armed forces, 1961, including typescript memorandum by Alexander 'Withdrawal of British officers and other ranks from active units of the Ghana Army', Sep 1961; typescript report by Alexander to the Ministry of Defence 'Background to the sudden dismissal of British officers from the Ghana armed forces' [1961]. Papers relating to Alexander's role as a British Observer, International Observer Team on Genocide, Nigeria, 1968-1970, including typescript report by Alexander 'The war in Nigeria', 1968; printed map of Nigeria, with annotations showing territories controlled by Federal and Biafran forces, 1968; typescript 'Report and findings of the representatives of Canada, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom for the period 1 October 1969 to 31 January 1970', Feb 1970. Edition of African tightrope. My two years as Nkrumah's Chief of Staff (Pall Mall Press, London, 1965).

System of arrangement

Arranged in sections as outlined above.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open. subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material

English

Finding aids

This Summary Guide, and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

The collection of Capt Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart contains newspaper cuttings relating to Alexander's dismissal as Chief of Defence Staff, Ghana, 1961 (Ref: Liddell Hart 15/5/415).

Notes

Note

Compiled Jun 1999

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

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Subjects

  • Armed forces
  • Higher science education
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • International tensions
  • Military education
  • Military organizations
  • Organizations
  • Peace
  • Peacekeeping
  • State security

Personal names

  • Alexander, Henry Templer, 1911-1977, Major General
  • Alexander, Henry Templer, 1911-1977, Major General
  • Bunche, Ralph Johnson, 1904-1971, UN Special Representative
  • Hogan, Henry Algernon Vickers, 1909-1993, Air Vice Marshal
  • Michel, Joseph E, fl 1960-1961, Brigadier, Commander of UN Ghanian Brigade
  • Nkrumah, Kwame, 1909-1972, President of the Republic of Ghana
  • Welbeck, Nathaniel, fl 1960, Ghanian diplomat
  • Whitworth, John Nicholas Haworth, 1912-1974, Air Commodore

Corporate names

  • Charter of African States
  • Ghana, Ministry of Defence
  • International Observer Team on Genocide, Nigeria
  • RAF, Flying Training Command
  • UN, United Nations

Places

  • Algeria, North Africa
  • Americas
  • Canada, North America
  • Caribbean
  • Casablanca, Morocco, North Africa
  • Ghana, West Africa, Africa
  • Guinea, West Africa, Africa
  • London, England
  • Mali, West Africa, Africa
  • Nigeria, West Africa, Africa
  • Poland, Eastern Europe
  • Sweden, Northern Europe
  • Tshikapa, Congo, Central Africa
  • Tunisia, North Africa
  • USSR, Eastern Europe
  • United Arab Republic, Middle East

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