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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0100 TH/PP56
SIMON, Sir John (1816-1904)
[1850], 1866
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
2 items


Name of creator(s)

Simon, Sir, John, 1816-1904, surgeon

Administrative / Biographical history

John Simon was born 10 October 1816 and educated in England and Germany. In 1833, he was became a pupil apprentice to Mr Green at St Thomas's Hospital. In 1838, he became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1938 and was elected a fellow in 1844. Simon was appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy at King's College London, a post he held for nine years, and was Assistant Surgeon at King's College Hospital from 1840 to 1847. In 1844, he won the Astley Cooper Prize for his illustrated essay on the thymus gland. Electoed Fellow of the Royal Society, 1845. In 1847, Simon was appointed lecturer in Pathology at St Thomas's Hospital, where he was also Surgeon from 1853-1876. He was Officer of Health to the City of London, 1848-1855; Chief Medical Officer of Health to the General Board of Health, 1855-; member of the Privy Council, 1858-1876; President, Royal College of Surgeons, 1878-1879; President, Royal Society, 1879-1880. Simon built up a state medical department for public health and developed the vaccination system, and was particularly concerned with eradicating the smallpox virus; influential in bringing about the Sanitary Act, 1866 and Public Health Act, 1875. Awarded KCB 1887 (CB 1876); In 1848 Simon married Jane O'Meara (died 1901). He retired in 1876, and died 23 July 1904. Publications include: A Physiological Essay on the Thymus Gland (London, 1845); General Pathology, as conducive to the establishment of rational principles for the diagnosis and treatment of disease (London, 1850); Report on the Sanitary Condition of the City of London, for the year 1853-4 (London, 1854); Report on the last two Cholera-epidemics of London, as affected by the consumption of impure water (Stationery Office, London, 1856); Inflammation in T Holmes A System of Surgery, ... in treatises by various authors , vol 1 (1860); English Sanitary Institutions, reviewed in their course of development, and in some of their political and social relations (Cassell & Co, London, 1890).

Archival history

Acquired by St Thomas's Hospital Medical School Library

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Transferred from St Thomas's Hospital Medical School Library to King's College London Archives in 2002.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Letters to John Simon, from Joseph Henry Green, [1850]; and letter from E Headlam Greenhow (1814-1888), Apr 1866 relating to a 1849 report on cholera.

System of arrangement

2 items

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive and Corporate Record Services.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

This collection level description.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

Simon's Astley Cooper Prize Essay, (Ref: G/PP5/1), and case notes prepared under Green (Ref: TH/PP GREEN), held by King's College London.Correspondence and papers of Sir John Simon, held by the Royal College of Surgeons of England; letters to Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, 1884-1896, held by Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections and Western Manuscripts (reference: MSS Acland); correspondence with John Ruskin, held by the Ruskin Library; correspodence with A and J Severn, 1878-1902, held by Manchester University: John Rylands Library (reference: Eng MS 1260).

Description control

Archivist's Note

Sources: St Thomas's Hospital Gazette, Vol 14, No 8, 1904; Who's Who 1897-1996 CD-ROM (A & C Black); Catalogue of the Printed Books and Manuscripts in the Library of St Thomas's Hospital Medical School (1491-1900) D T Bird (London, 1984); St Thomas's Hospital, E M McInness, Special Trustees of St Thomas's Hospital, London, 1992. Compiled by Alison Field

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

January 2004

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  • Documents
  • Health services
  • Hospitals
  • Information sources
  • Medical institutions
  • Medical records
  • Medical sciences
  • Patients
  • Social sciences
  • Social welfare
  • Surgery

Personal names

  • Simon, Sir, John, 1816-1904, Knight, Sanitary reformer

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives
  • St Thomas' Hospital, London


  • Southwark, London, England

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