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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
RANDALL, Sir John Turton (1905-1984)
Created [1943-1959]
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
1 box or 0.01m3


Name of creator(s)

Randall, Sir, John Turton, 1905-1984, knight, physicist

Administrative / Biographical history

Born in Lancashire, 23 March 1905; educated at grammar school in Ashton-in-Makerfield and at the University of Manchester; First class honours degree in physics, 1925; MSc, 1926; employed on research by the General Electric Company, 1926-1937; awarded Royal Society fellowship to study electron processes in luminescent solids in the Physics Department at Birmingham University, 1937-1943; associated with Dr Henry Albert Howard Boot and Professor James Sayers at Birmingham University in the invention of the cavity magnetron, an essential element of radar; DSc, 1938; temporary lecturer, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, 1943-1944; appointed Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of St Andrews, 1944; Wheatstone Chair of Physics at King's College London, 1946; set up a group to study the structure and growth of the connective tissue protein collagen, 1951; Edinburgh University, 1970; Fellow of the Royal Society, 1946; knighted in 1962; Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1972; died 16 June 1984 at Edinburgh.

Publications: The Diffraction of X-Rays and Electrons by Amorphous Solids, Liquids, and Gases (Chapman & Hall, London, 1934); editor of Progress in biophysics and biophysical chemistry (molecular biology) with J A V Butler, (Butterworth-Springer, London, 1950); editor of Nature and Structure of Collagen. Papers presented for a discussion convened by the Colloid and Biophysics Committee of the Faraday Society at King's College, London, on 26 and 27 March, 1953 (Butterworths Scientific Publications, London, 1953).

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Transferred from Christopher Randall in November 1999.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Medals and other awards, including the insignia of a Knight Bachelor, particularly for scientific achievement and his cavity magnetron work, with accompanying documentation, [1943-1959].

System of arrangement

1 box

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive Services, King's College, London.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

Handlist available in hard copy in the reading room of the College Archives.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

Papers relating to Biophysics Research Unit, 1946-1949, at the Medical Research Council (Ref: Survey of sources newsletter no 8); papers relating to the development of the cavity magnetron, 1939-1945, at the Institution of Electrical Engineers Archives Department (Ref: CSAC 68/6/79); papers, and correspondence with Professor Archibald Vivian Hill, 1960-1964, at the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge University (Ref: Guide 1992 RNDL; Ref: AVHL).

Description control

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

Feb 2000

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  • Awards
  • Scientific development
  • Scientific innovations
  • Social behaviour
  • Social norms
  • Technological change

Personal names

  • Randall, Sir, John Turton, 1905-1984, Knight, Physicist

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives

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