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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0100 KCLMA PP114
MANOEL II of Portugal
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
4 files


Name of creator(s)

Manoel II, 1889-1932, King of Portugal

Administrative / Biographical history

Manoel II was born in Lisbon, 1889, the second son of King Carlos I. He succeeded to the Portugese throne on 1 Feb 1908 following the assassination of his father and elder brother Prince Luiz. Manoel sought to save the fragile position of the monarchy by dismissing the dictator Joao Franco and his entire cabinet in 1908. Free elections were declared in which republicans and socialists won an overwhelming victory. Revolution erupted on 4 Oct 1910 and Manoel fled to Britain. While in exile he never gave up hope of regaining his throne, and this collection of documents contain a plan for the restoration of the monarchy and the formation of a new government. In 1913 he married his cousin, Augusta Victoria, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. He died at Fullwell Park, Twickenham, Middlesex in 1932.

Archival history

Presented to the Archives by Prof. Helder Macedo, Department of Portugese and Brazilian Studies, KCL. Papers originally in the possession of Sir Harry Maclean, and presented to Prof Macedo by the Maclean family in 1984.

Content & structure

Scope and content

File of letters and documents formerly belonging to ex-King Manoel II of Portugal on the proposed restoration of the Monarchy and the formation of a new government, 1912-1913. The file also contains letters on his proposed marriage to Princess Augusta Victoria of Sigmarigen-Hohenzollern. Correspondents include King George V of Great Britain, Queen Amelia of Portugal, Princess Antoinette Esterhazy, Prince Wilhelm of Sigmarigen-Hohenzollern, Princess Augusta and Princess Louisa of Sigmarigen-Hohenzollern, Lord Roseberry and Ignacy Jan Paderewski.

System of arrangement


Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

Draft catalogue available online and in hard copy in the Archives reading room. 

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Description control

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Alan Kucia, July 2004.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

July 2004, updated 2016

Box List(s)

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Personal names

  • Manoel II, 1889-1932, King of Portugal

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives


  • Portugal

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