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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
2 boxes, 3 volumes


Name of creator(s)

King's College School, 1831-1897, Strand, King's College School, from 1897, Wimbledon

Administrative / Biographical history

King's College School was created as the Junior Department to King's College London, instituted by Royal Charter in 1829. Both College and School opened in 1831. Although students were not limited to members of the Church of England, its influence was strong. Boys were expected to transfer from the School to the College at the age of 16. The School's premises were in the basement of the King's College site east of Somerset House, between the Strand and the Thames. Rapid growth in pupil numbers and limited capital caused difficulties of accommodation. In the early years of their existence, the School was numerically greater than the College and the financial support which arose from its success was instrumental in the College's survival, although by mid-century competition from an increasing number of rival schools caused numbers to decline. Many rivals had more spacious premises and open space on suburban sites with which the Strand premises could not compete. In 1897 the School moved to Wimbledon and pupil numbers began to grow. New buildings were opened in 1899. The King's College London Transfer Act (1908) incorporated a new body of governors for the School and, although the transfer was delayed by the heavy debts of the School, the new governing body inherited control from the council of King's College in 1911. See also Frank Miles and Graeme Cranch, Kings College School: the First 150 Years (King's College School, 1979); F J C Hearnshaw, The Centenary History of King's College London 1828-1928 (George G Harrap & Co Ltd, London, 1929).

Archival history

A majority of records relating specifically to the School prior to its move to Wimbledon were transferred to the School from King's College London Archives in the 1970s. Other records were destroyed in a fire in 1918.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Records, 1868-1911, of King's College School, including annual lists of pupils and amounts paid for books, 1868-1896, and indexes of books in use [late 19th century] (Ref: KS/LI); papers on the removal of the School to Wimbledon, 1897; cash accounts for Trustees meetings, 1897-1900; correspondence on raising funds for the School, 1902-1903; correspondence on the financial consequences of severance of the School from King's College London, 1905-1906; applications for the headmastership, 1906; correspondence on a proposal for a pupils' boarding house in Wimbledon, 1909-1910; correspondence and papers on School affairs including transfer of the School from King's College London, financial affairs, the new governing body, and applications for the headmastership, 1909-1911 (Ref: KS/F).

System of arrangement

Arranged in two series.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be provided for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive Services, King's College London.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

List available in reading room at King's College London Archives.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

King's College London Archives holds early College records from its inception in 1828, where references to King's College School may be found in Council minutes (Ref: KA/C/M), minutes of special committees of Council (Ref: KA/CS/M), in-correspondence (Ref: KA/IC), out-letter books (Ref: KA/OLB), and reports on the School in King's College Calendars ; the King's College Secretary's general administration files containing papers, 1908-1911, on subjects including the separation of King's College School from King's College London (Ref: KAS/AD); The Sneezer , 1885, a King's College School magazine (Ref: K/SER113); King's College School magazine, 1890, 1896-1903, 1916-1923 (Ref: K/SER20/1-42). Published lists of alumni of King's College School are available in the reading room at King's College London Archives. King's College School, Southside, London SW19, holds more recent records.

Description control

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Sources: list at King's College London Archives; Frank Miles and Graeme Cranch, Kings College School: the First 150 Years (King's College School, 1979); F J C Hearnshaw, The Centenary History of King's College London 1828-1928 (George G Harrap & Co Ltd, London, 1929); AIM25 description for King's College London Archives, KAS/AD2.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

Mar 2001

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  • Accounting
  • Economics of education
  • Educational administrators
  • Educational buildings
  • Educational finance
  • Educational institutions
  • Educational management
  • Educational personnel
  • Finance
  • Financial administration
  • Government
  • Health services administration
  • Indexes
  • Information/library economics
  • Information/library finance
  • Information/library planning
  • Libraries
  • Organization and administration
  • People
  • People by occupation
  • Personnel
  • Personnel management
  • Public administration
  • Recruitment
  • School buildings
  • School libraries
  • Schoolchildren
  • Schools
  • Secondary documents
  • Students

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives
  • King's College School, 1831-1897, Strand


  • City of Westminster, London, England
  • Merton, Surrey, England
  • Westminster, London, England
  • Wimbledon, Surrey, England

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