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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0100 TH/PP22
DUDGEON, Leonard Stanley (1876-1938)
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
4 volumes


Name of creator(s)

Dudgeon, Leonard Stanley, 1876- 1938, pathologist

Administrative / Biographical history

Leonard Stanley Dudgeon was born in London, 7 Oct 1876, the son of John Hepburn Dudgeon of Haddington, East Lothian, and his wife Catherine Pond. He was educated at University College London, and St Thomas's Hospital, and qualified in 1899. Close association with Louis Leopold Jenner and S G Shattock led him to become one of the earliest workers in pathology and bacteriology as specialized subjects. After acting for a short period as a pathologist at the West London Hospital, he returned in 1903 to St. Thomas's Hospital, where he spent the rest of his life, and became superintendent of the Louis Jenner Clinical Laboratory. His collaboration was constantly sought over obscure cases in the wards, and under his direction the clinical laboratory became one of the most important departments of the hospital. He was appointed Director of the Pathological Laboratory and Bacteriologist (1905), Professor of Pathology in the University of London (1919), Curator of the Shattock Museum (1927), and Dean of the Medical School (1928). During World War One Dudgeon served in the Near East as a Temporary Col, Army Medical Services, and carried out valuable investigations of infectious diseases prevalent among the troops. For his war services he was thrice mentioned in dispatches and was appointed CMG in 1918 and CBE in 1919, and awarded the Order of St Sava of Serbia. During his term of office as Dean the medical school was largely rebuilt and modernized. He was for many years honorary secretary of the Voluntary Hospitals Committee, chairman of the Deans' Committee, and a member of the senate of London University. He was an active member of the Sankey commission on voluntary hospitals which reported in 1937. In these positions he exerted considerable influence on the course of medical education and hospital policy, and in particular took a leading part in securing co-operation for teaching purposes between the voluntary and the London County Council hospitals. During the latter years of his life he developed a technique by means of smears for the rapid diagnosis of tumours and for the detection of malignant cells in bodily secretions, which has found wide application. At the Royal College of Physicians, of which he was elected a fellow in 1908, he was Horace Dobell lecturer (1908) and Croonian lecturer (1912). He gave the Erasmus Wilson lecture at the Royal College of Surgeons in 1905 and 1908, and was president of the section of tropical diseases of the Royal Society of Medicine (1923-1925). He married in 1909 Norah Orpen, of Kenmare, co. Kerry. He died in London 22 October 1938. Publications: with Percy William George Sargent, Bacteriology of Peritonitis , Archibald Constable & Co.: London, 1905; Bacterial Vaccines and their Position in therapeutics , Constable & Co.: London 1927; edited - Studies of Bacillary Dysentery occurring in the British Forces in Macedonia , London, 1919; Articles on Malaria and Blackwater Fever; Bacillus Coli infection of Urinary Tract; on Intestinal Infection, 1924; and numerous other scientific contributions to medical literature.

Archival history

Presented to the St Thomas's Hospital Medical School Library by Prof J R Tighe, Histopathology Department, St Thomas Hospital, 1982.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Transferred from St Thomas' Hospital Medical School Library in 2002

Content & structure

Scope and content

Notebooks of Prof Leonard Stanley Dudgeon comprising pathology reports, including two volumes titled 'glands' which also describe the cases, 1935-1939; two volumes titled 'tumour films', containing register of specimens and their diagnosis, [1929-1937].

System of arrangement

Arranged as outlined in Scope and Content

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive and Corporate Record Services.

Language/scripts of material


Finding aids

Detailed catalogue available in King's College London archive reading room

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Description control

Archivist's Note

Sources: Who's Who 1897-1996 CD-ROM (A & C Black); British Library Public On-line Catalogue; Dictionary of National Biography CD-ROM (Oxford University Press, 1995); The Medical Who's Who 1925, Grafton Publishing Co Ltd, London. Compiled by Alison Field.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

January 2004

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Personal names

  • Dudgeon, Leonard Stanley, 1876- 1938, Pathologist

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives

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