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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
CHEYNE, Sir William Watson (1852-1932)
Level of description
Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
one file


Name of creator(s)

Cheyne, Sir, William Watson, 1852-1932, Knight, Surgeon Rear Admiral.

Administrative / Biographical history

Born, 1852, educated King's College, Aberdeen, and Edinburgh University, graduating, 1875; after a brief visit to Vienna, appointed House-Surgeon to Joseph Lister, Professor of Clinical Surgery at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, and also appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy in Edinburgh University, 1876-1877; Lister's first House Surgeon, King's College Hospital, 1877; Extra-Sambrooke Surgical Registrar, 1878; Assistant Surgeon and Teacher of Practical Surgery, 1880; Surgeon with Care of Out-Patients, 1887; Surgeon and Teacher of Operative Surgery, 1889; Professor of the Principles and Practice of Surgery, 1902; Fellow of the Royal Society, 1894; Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, 1879; Hunterian Professor, Royal College of Surgeons, 1888, 1890-1892; President, Royal College of Surgeons, 1914-1916; Civil Consulting Surgeon to British forces during the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902; Consulting Surgeon to the Royal Navy, 1915; Knight Commander, Order of St Michael and St George, 1916; elected Member of Parliament for the University of Edinburgh and St Andrews, 1917; Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities, 1918-1922; Died, 1932.

Publications: translated Robert Koch, Investigations into the etiology of traumatic infective diseases (London, 1880); Antiseptic surgery, its principles, practice, history and results (Smith, Elder and Co., London, 1882), that was derived from his thesis for the Jacksonian prize awarded by the Royal College of Surgeons, 1881; Manual of the antiseptic treatment of wounds (Smith, Elder and Co., London, 1885); Suppuration and septic diseases (Y. J. Pentland, Edinburgh and London, 1889); translated Carl Flugge, Micro-organisms, with special reference to the etiology of the infective diseases (London, 1890); The objects and limits of operations for cancer (Bailliere and Co., London, 1896); On the treatment of tuberculosis diseases in their surgical aspect (J. Bale and Co., London, 1900); Tuberculosis diseases of bones and joints, their pathology, symptoms, and treatment (London, 1911); Lister and his achievement (Longmans and Co., London, 1925), the first Lister Memorial Lecture delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons, 1925.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

King's College Hospital.

Content & structure

Scope and content

File of typescript entitled 'Notes on the Cases in the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, taken by W. Watson Cheyne', comprising lectures on clinical surgery delivered by Joseph Lister, 1872-1873, and including observations on the diagnosis, description and treatment of testicular swelling, spina bifida, lymph abscesses, carcinoma of the breast, varicose ulcers, burns, varieties of fractures, and assessing the germ theory of putrefaction and the dangers of the use of chloroform to anaesthetise patients.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material


Physical characteristics and technical requirements


Finding aids

Summary guide entry on-line.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

King's College London College Archives holds entries relating to Cheyne in King's College London Council Minutes (Ref: KA/C/M); King's College Hospital Board of Governors' Minutes (Ref: KH/G/M); King's College Hospital Committee of Management Minutes (Ref: KH/CM/M); King's College Hospital Medical Board, Minutes (Ref: KH/MB/M).

Description control

Archivist's Note

British Library OPAC, Herbert Willoughby Lyle, King's and some King's men (London, 1935); Who was who, Dictionary of National Biography. Entry compiled by Geoff Browell.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

18 May 2000

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  • Anaesthesia
  • Cancer
  • Diseases
  • Injuries
  • Medical sciences
  • Medical treatment
  • Pathology
  • Surgery
  • Therapy

Personal names

  • Cheyne, Sir, William Watson, 1852-1932, Knight, Surgeon Rear Admiral
  • Lister, Joseph, 1827-1912, 1st Baron Lister, Surgeon

Corporate names

  • King's College London College Archives
  • Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh


  • Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
  • London, England

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